Prof. Dr. Eckart Altenmüller (born 1955) is Director of the Institute of Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine at the University of Music, Drama and Media in Hannover. He studied medicine in Tübingen, Paris and Freiburg/Brsg. and, at the same time, music at the Freiburg University of Music (major transverse flute, Nicolèt class, subsequently Bennett class), his PhD (1983) was on gait development in infants. His research into brain activation in music listening began during his residency at the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology in Freiburg. Between 1985 and 1994 Prof. Altenmüller was a specialist in neurology at the University of Tübingen, becoming a professor of neurology in 1992. Since being appointed to a professorship in Hannover in 1994, the focus of his research has been musicians' occupational diseases. He has published over 200 papers on subjects including auditory and sensomotoric learning, over practicing as a cause of motor skills disorders, and how music is processed emotionally. Prof. Altenmüller was appointed to the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities in 2005, and elected President of the German Association for Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine from 2005 to 2011. Since then he is Vice President of the Association.