Applications to the Short-Term Resident Fellow Programme 2020 are now accepted until November 30, 2019! Under this programme, we welcome Ph.D. or postdoc researchers to join the CCKF-ERCCT for a period of between three and six months and grant them a monthly stipend of 350 EUR plus a 500 EUR travel grant.
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Taiwan has undergone continuous and profound sociolinguistic changes. Modern language planning was initiated by the Japanese colonial government and its decision to establish Japanese as Taiwan’s national language (kokugo). This policy introduced three innovative moments: first, the modern concept of a national language was for the first time introduced to Taiwan. Second, by actively implementing the spread of the national language, the Japanese colonial period marks the beginning of institutionalised linguistic hierarchies. Third, the top position within this hierarchy was attributed to Japanese, a new language on Taiwan’s linguistic map. After the regime change in 1945, the KMT government continued this national language policy, the only significant change being the replacement of Japanese with Mandarin. As a result of national language planning, Taiwan society at large has undergone two major language shifts. By 1945, according to historical reports, the use of the Japanese language was widespread, and had even entered private domains. At the end of the twentieth century, Mandarin had been successfully established as Taiwan’s dominant language of education, government administration and media; its use in private domains had reached unprecedented levels. At the same time, since the late twentieth century, the reverse effects of national language planning have become increasingly obvious: a growing marginalisation and even endangerment of the mother tongues of the great majority of Taiwan’s population, i.e. the Austronesian languages of ethnic minorities, Hakka and the Southern Min dialects collectively referred to as Hoklo or Taiwanese. For some 20 years, this process of marginalisation and endangerment has been an issue of closely connected debates on the re-definition of national language policies, language in education, and Taiwan identity at large.
Against this historical backdrop, this topical section of the International Journal of Taiwan Studies (IJTS) welcomes papers that address recent developments in Taiwan’s language planning. Due to the current shortage of empirical studies that engage with language policies after 2000, we particularly encourage inquiries into the effects of mother tongue education, the promulgation of language laws, and non-governmental language activism. Moreover, although the fields of language planning and societal multilingualism have witnessed the introduction of new frameworks, concepts and approaches in the past years, Taiwan has played only a marginal role in theory building. Therefore, contributions that apply concepts such as linguistic justice or agency in language planning to Taiwan’s language situation are particularly welcome.
To signal your interest and intent to write an article in this topical section please email an abstract (300-400 words) along with a short bio (50-100 words) to the guest editors: Professor Henning Klöter (Humboldt University of Berlin, email: email@example.com) and Julia Wasserfall (firstname.lastname@example.org) by 31 January 2020.
By 31 January 2020: Submission of abstract.
By 29 February 2020: Decision by guest editors on invitations for manuscript submission.
By 31 August 2020: Submit manuscript (5000-7000 words) to Professor Henning Klöter and Julia Wasserfall, for review by editors.
By 31 January 2021: Submit manuscript online to the IJTS for double-blind peer review.
Guest-editors: Kuei-fen Chiu (National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan)
Táňa Dluhošová (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
Archiv orientální , an indexed, peer-reviewed academic journal (A&HCI, Scopus, and ERIH Plus) published by Oriental Institute (Czech Academy of Sciences) dedicated to the cultures and societies of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, invites submissions to the special issue “East Asia in the World Literary Space” scheduled to be published in August 2021.
Call for Paper
Communicating Knowledge as/in Social Activism in the Post-Sunflower Era
One-day Workshop funded by the European Association for Taiwan Studies (EATS) Workshop Grant
Time and Place: 15 November 2019, at the University of Sussex (UK)
Keynote Speaker: Dr Yeh, Hao (Associate Professor, National Chengchi University, Taiwan)
Social activism in Taiwan has attracted scholarly efforts from various disciplines, and the Sunflower Movement in 2014 has broadened the scope of studies on this subject, due to its geopolitical significance. However, one specific area of practices is under exploration that requires a better understanding – namely, the new form of intellectual engagement arising around the time of the Sunflower Movement, till this day. This new form of intellectual engagement – undertaken by scholars, graduate students and professionals – constitutes the phenomenon that this workshop frames as ‘knowledge communication’ and manifests a unique Taiwanese characteristic. On the one hand, it performs the functioning of public media in Western societies, such as the BBC in the UK or Arte in Germany and France. On the other hand, it forges social solidarity in a way like pubs in England and cafés in France in the Enlightenment era. Moreover, it has applied diverse forms of media including blogposts and YouTube videos, and therefore engaged spontaneously in contemporary social and political struggles at a global level. As a whole the phenomenon of ‘knowledge communication as/in social activism’ in post-Sunflower Taiwan forms a multi-level interaction between academia and the public.
Through this workshop we intend to initiate a scholarly effort in reflexively assessing and theoretically examining different aspect of this novel social phenomenon. We aim at deepening the understanding of such a phenomenon, through theoretical engagements, contextual analyses from sociological, political and/or interdisciplinary perspectives, the historicising of relevant practices, and the critical reflections thereof. The core questions we want to address in the workshop are:
What are the rationales for launching respective platforms for knowledge communications?
What are the achievements and hurdles of each of these practices in the last decade?
What is the significance of these practice as a whole for Taiwan, particularly in relation to global politics, global intellectual history, and other relevant domains of knowledge production?
How do these challenge existing discourses with regard to Taiwan and Taiwanese-ness?1
The workshop welcomes proposals from researchers, activists, stakeholders, participants and ‘witnesses’ of this intellectual engagement in/as social activism – enlightening Taiwan. We expect proposals drawing on the practices of the following platforms of intellectual engagement with the public as/in social activism (the list is neither exclusive nor exhaustive): open forums such as Formosa Salon, Philosophy Friday, and Theology Sunday; online platforms such as Guava Anthropology, Public Medicine Times, StreetCorner Sociology, Kám-Á-Tiàm Forum of History, Plain Law Movement, WhoGoverns TW, Gushi [Story], New Bloomer, TalkEcon, Kuroshio Focus, etc.
Deadline for abstract submission: 12 August 2019
Announcement of accepted proposals: 19 August 2019
Deadline for confirmation of acceptance: 2 September 2019
Deadline for full paper submission: 1 November 2019
Drawing on the academic outcomes of the Workshop, we are aiming to publish the papers as a special issue of the International Journal of Taiwan Studies. Please specify in your abstract submission one of the followings:
Both Presentation and Publication: The abstract is for presentation at the Workshop (including online presentation), and would like to be considered for paper selection/publication;
Presentation Only: The abstract is for presentation only, and would not like to be considered for paper selection/publication;
Publication Only: The abstract is not for presentation at the Workshop, and yet would like to be considered for paper selection/publication, at the request of full paper submission.
Please send the abstract to: Mr Chia-Yu Liang, khoffman0331. @gmail.com
Please also note that regrettably we are unable to offer any bursary support due to budgetary limits. Meanwhile, for any further inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact the organisers, using the email address above.
Chia-Yu Liang (PhD candidate in International Relations, University of Sussex)
Po-Han Lee (PhD in Sociology, University of Sussex)
On Thursday, 25 July 2019, at 6 pm, our visiting scholar Prof. Chiu Yubin 邱毓斌 from the Department of Social Development at National Pingtung University will give a public lecture at the ERCCT, titled "New Labor Activism in Taiwan after the 2014 Sunflower Movement".
Venue is Nauklerstraße 35, 72074 Tübingen
New Labour Activism in Taiwan after the 2014 Sunflower Movement
The Sunflower Movement, in which young activists occupied the Legislative Yuan for 24 days to fight against the KMT government’s plan to sign the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement with China, not only changed Taiwan’s political contour since then, but also politicised more young people in many respects. This research focuses on the development of new youth activism in the labour union movement after the Sunflower Movement. The labour union movement, once being active during the democratic transition period, has gradually lost its significance at the workplace and national level. The campaigning and organising strategies of this new youth activism did bring certain fresh air to the labour movement. But the youth activism and old, large trade unions to a certain extent came into conflicts in the recent struggle against the neo-liberal reform of the Labour Standard Act conducted by the DPP government. Accordingly the potentiality and challenges of the new youth activism and the future of trade union movement in Taiwan will be discussed.
On Monday, July 22, our visiting scholar, Prof. Chiu Yubin 邱毓斌 from the Department of Social Development at National Pingtung University, will present his current research project "Ways of Returning Home: Indigenous Youths, Jobs, and the Revitalisation of Tribal Community" to ERCCT Fellows in a session of the Taiwan Colloquium (at 6.15 pm, Nauklerstraße 35).
In the following abstract, Prof. Chiu gives a first glimpse on the project:
Most disadvantaged parents in contemporary indigenous tribes often hope their children can find a job and settle down in urban area in order to get a better life. This migration trend might be slowing down from time to time by various reasons, e.g. national labour policy introducing foreign workers since the early 1990s that has been pushing urban indigenous workers in construction or manufacturing industries back to their hometown, or nature disasters (such as Typhoon Morakot in 2009) that might bring urban indigenous people back home for taking care of homeland or parents. The job-seeking patterns of involuntary returning-home are very different from those of the youth who voluntarily return home. My current research is focusing on the paths of indigenous people who intended to return to and settle down in the tribe community after finishing college education in the city. By interviewing indigenous youth settled down in the tribe, tribe leaders, and teachers at indigenous education institutes in Pingtung and Taitung, I try to identify several patterns of job-seeking of the youth who do not only want to settle down in the tribe community but also are committed to the revitalisation of the community as well as the indigenous culture. The impetus and the obstacles for these devoted indigenous youth to return to the tribe community will be discussed.
Prof. Lin Shu-Hui 林淑慧 from the Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature at National Taiwan Normal University (Taipei) gave a public talk at the ERCCT on Wednesday, 17 July 2019. Titled "Experiencing Difference: The Metaphor of Travelogues during Taiwan's Martial Law Period (1949-1987)", the lecture gave a fascinating account of how writers like Yin Hai-kuang, Wu Zhuo-liu and Zhong Mei-yin used metaphors to express their criticism of Taiwan's politics and society before democratization.
Ph.D. students or postdoctoral fellows from our Taiwanese partner institutions interested in the Visiting Fellow Programme of winter 2019-2020 please note that the ERCCT now accepts applications for the coming winter semester.