Digitalisation is changing social coexistence in a diverse, in some cases fundamental way. The aim of digilog@bw at the Ethics Centre is to identify the influence of digitisation on individuals and society from an ethical point of view and to contribute to responsible problemsolving. Thus, the foundations for value-oriented digital change will be developed on the basis of public dialogue events and in an inter-disciplinary network.
Against the background of the global “digital divide”, the project explores the practice of digitalisation in sub-Saharan Africa, its developmental impact, and its ethical implications. It draws on theories of global justice and on concepts of the Philosophy of Technology and places particular emphasis on the values of privacy and access to information.
Keywords: information and communication technologies (ICT), sub-Saharan Africa, global justice, Philosophy of Technology, development, ICT4D
The project will develop a system for the visual and auditory analysis of heterogeneous mass image and video data, such as those provided by witnesses in the aftermath of terrorist attacks. The system will use methods such as geo-spatial crime scene reconstruction, visual analytics, generic object search and audio analysis. The ethical investigations at the IZEW deal with the ethically acceptable collection, processing and analysis of mass image and video data.
Keywords: surveillance, state of exception, technology assessment, counterterrorism
In modern societies with widespread usage of digital media, private information can be disclosed on many occasions. The co-development of technical possibilities like data mining and genetic diagnostics, and political regulation (e.g. data retention, biometric databases, body scanners) on the one hand, and the individual use of social networking sites, online shopping, or location based services on the other hand establish a tight mesh of information. This enables the ever more encompassing and detailed tracking of individuals’ lives. The “Forum Privacy and Autonomy in the Digital World” considers these questions from an interdisciplinary perspective, bringing together scholars from Law, Sociology, Computer Science, Psychology, Economics and Ethics.
Keywords: privacy, self-determination, digital transition, media
The project aims at improving the preparedness of societies to cope with complex crisis situations by means of providing integrated tools to support efficient response planning and the building of realistic multidisciplinary scenarios. The project will design and develop a system for improving response planning strategies and scenario building and facilitating organisational coordination among many actors (firefighting units, medical emergency services, police departments, civil protection units, command and control centres). The Ethics Centre will provide a human factors analysis, a societal acceptance and ethical acceptability analysis and an ethical issues analysis in cooperation with the end users involved in the project.
Keywords: security ethics, human machine interaction, crisis situation, civil protection, first responders
In the HIVE-Lab (Health Immersive Virtual Environment - Lab) project, new technical developments in the field of immersive health are tested in Living Labs and further developed together with users. VR-AR technologies are being used in the Living Labs. Cooperation in the Living Labs takes place on an interdisciplinary basis in a common room of experts and users. The subproject "Social, ethical and legal aspects of mixed reality in the context of health technologies and the possibilities of participatory technology development" accompanies the Living Labs (NOSTRESS of the HSD and IDeA of the LMU) in the form of an integrated research design and, in addition to research ethical questions, also works on the issues of "technology assessment", "participatory research: co-design" and "coordination of external project networks".
Keywords: VR/AR technologies, living labs, participatory research, ELSA, technology assessment, human-technology interaction
IDeA is concerned with the inclusion of ethical, legal and social aspects in the development of a diagnosis and assistance system for people with age-related macular degeneration. The project will carry out scientific analyses in the fields of ethics, law and sociology. The knowledge gained in this way will be closely applied to the emerging technology in conjunction with the technical work steps. Especially relevant are the factors: Values, images of people and assumptions about social reality.
Keywords: ELSA, Human-Machine Interaction, Interdisciplinarity, Technology Development, Mixed Reality
INTEGRAM deals with the integration of ethical, social, legal and economic aspects into technology development. The first aim is to critically analyse the mode of knowledge production demanded by funding institutions and donors. The idea is to integrate ethical, social, legal and economic aspects into mainstream technology development projects instead of studying them separately. Secondly, a handbook will be developed, which aims at supporting project teams implementing an integrated approach.
Keywords: integrated research, ELSA, interdisciplinarity, technology development, human-machine interaction
The project aims at making use of augmented reality technologies (such as gamification and affective computing), in order to increase the motivation of students in learning contexts. The relevant technologies will be customised for a wide array of learning tasks, from higher education, to professional training of people with cognitive disabilities.
Keywords: augmented reality, gamification, artificial emotions, nudging, autonomy
The basic demands of people in need of care during a crisis have hardly been thoroughly examined so far. KOPHIS aims at strengthening the resilience of people in need of care in private households, in all relevant phases of a crisis. Sustainable networks between the people in need of care, civil society and the authorities as well as the aid organisations need to be established. This is necessary in order to provide a functioning cooperation at all stages of the so-called disaster-management cycle.
Keywords: disaster management, care, resilience, Security Ethics, crisis communication
The separation of ethnic groups in some urban neighbourhoods is regarded as a safety-relevant risk factor. The migsst project will review this assumption through a comprehensive and interdisciplinary research approach.
The subproject at the IZEW questions the so-called "parallel societies" and investigates the potentials of modern communication in multi-ethnic cities.
The NIKA project is aimed at the development of generic interaction patterns for social robots in the home of elderly people. These patterns can be used across different robot platforms to support elderly people in an active, self-determined lifestyle in their own home environment. A library of interaction patterns will be designed, implemented and tested, from which the appropriate pattern for the respective situation will be selected according to the user's needs profile, support needs and context.
Keywords: Assistive Robotics, Social Robotics, Human-Machine-Interaction, Robot Ethics, Ethics of Old Age
The joint research project PODESTA aims at formulating democratic answers to populism. Populism in this framework is understood as an expression and reinforcement of a crisis of representative democracy. The factors contributing to social division are empirically analysed by taking into account existing conflicts in the context of urban development in Leipzig and Stuttgart. The ethical substudy at the IZEW aims at discussing existing strategies of anti-populism and the complex factors contributing to their success or failure.
Keywords: populism, city, democracy, crisis of democracy, public sociology
The TANGO project combines social science and ethical research to investigate the impact of different approaches to the governance of technological innovation. Based on this, points to consider will be developed for governance mechanisms that promote ethically and socially desirable technology research.
The project WeNet deals with diversity-aware artificial intelligence and tries to improve computer-mediated social interaction by developing new methods and algorithms. The goal is to develop an online platform, which is based on this diversity-aware computer-facilitated mediation of communication. Within the project, the IZEW investigates ethical aspects of privacy and data protection and develops a conceptual framework of diversity to inform the development algorithms.
Keywords: ethics, artificial intelligence, algorithm, human-computer interaction, communication