During the period when China and Japan did not have diplomatic relations (1949-1972), there were very few Chinese citizens in Japan and vice versa. It was therefore a significant development when an unusually large contingent of foreign correspondents was exchanged between the two countries beginning in 1964. These journalists were in a unique position to play an outsized role in interaction and mediation between the PRC and Japan, and served as a rich source of information, especially for the Chinese. Drawing on both archival materials and interviews, Dr. Wits will discuss the nature of the journalists’ work in the early period as they established themselves in Tokyo and Beijing, and will examine the ways in which the PRC government aimed to utilize the Japanese journalists’ presence in China.