Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft

The Treebank Tüba-J/S

The TüBa-J/S treebank was annotated in the project Verbmobil. Verbmobil was a longterm Machine Translation project for spontaneous speech funded by the Ministry for Education, Science, Research, and Technology (BMBF).


The Tübingen Treebank of Spoken Japanese, TüBa-J/S, is a syntactically annotated corpus based on spontaneous dialogues, which were manually transliterated. The treebank comprises approximately 18.000 sentences (ca. 160.000 words). The syntactic annotation was performed manually. 

The syntactic annotation is HPSG-oriented. The annotation scheme distinguishes three levels of syntactic constituency: the lexical level, the phrasal level, and the clausal level. In addition to constituent structure, annotated trees contain edge labels between nodes. These edge labels encode grammatical functions (as relation between phrases) and the distinction between heads and non-heads (as phrase-internal relations). 

An extensive description of the complete annotation scheme can be found in the stylebook:


Annotations were used as training data at the CoNLL-X Shared Task: Multi-lingual Dependency Parsing in 2006 and are included in the normal treebank license.


The treebank is available in three different formats:


The negra export format can be used in combination with the annotation tool Annotate which was developed in the Project negra at the Computational Linguistics Department at the University of the Saarland or with the TIGER Search Tool  developed in the TIGER project. 

How to Obtain a License for TüBa-J/S:


For academic research, the license is provided free of charge. For all other uses please contact Erhard Hinrichs for further details. 

Students who are interested in using TüBa-J/S for a research project or a thesis project should contact their advisors to obtain a licence for their academic institutions. The license agreement has to be signed by a duly authorized person.  

For an academic research license, follow these steps:

  1. Print the License agreement for TüBa-J/S (PDF).
  2. Fill out the license agreement and send it back via post, fax or scan to tuebadz-info. Please give a short description of the intended academic research use. 
  3. After processing the license, we will send you a password for the download webpage. 
  4. Download the treebank.



Marie Hinrichs

Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Department of Computational Linguistics 
Wilhelmstr. 19
D-72074 Tübingen

Fax: +49 - (0)7071 - 29 5214