Miotragocerus monacensis – a Middle Miocene forest antelope from the alpine foreland
The genus Miotragocerus Stromer 1928 was one of the dominant taxa among the Boselaphini (Bovidae) during the Middle to Late Miocene in terms of diversity and geographic distribution. It is known from across Eurasia to sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, the species M. monacensis Stromer 1928 holds a key function as it is the type species of Miotragocerus. It is documented from the late Middle Sarmatian (~11.5 Ma) of southern Germany and Lower Austria. Furthermore, this species is relevant in terms of faunal change and stratigraphy at the transition to the Upper Miocene.
New fossils from the Northern Alpine Foreland Basin provide a new insight into the taxonomy of the species. M. monacensis was originally described based on one single horn core. For the first time, both dentition and postcranial material can be studied on this species providing taxonomically new, important characters which improve our knowledge on M. monacensis.
Fuss J., Uhlig G., Böhme M. 2018: Earliest evidence of caries lesion in hominids reveal sugar-rich diet for a Middle Miocene dryopithecine from Europe. PLOS ONE, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203307
Fuss J., Spassov N., Begun D, Böhme M. 2017: Potential hominin affinities of Graecopithecus from the late Miocene of Europe. PLOS ONE,
Fuss, J., Prieto, J., Böhme, M. 2015: Revision of the bovid Miotragocerus monacensis Stromer, 1928 (Mammalia, Bovidae) at the Middle to Late Miocene transition in Central Europe. - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 276/3: 229-265.