Urgeschichte und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie

Eleonora Gargani

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Abteilung Ältere Urgeschichte und Quartärökologie
Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters
Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen
Burgsteige 11, Schloss Hohentübingen
D-72070 Tübingen

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Research project

The Swabian Jura (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) and particularly the Ach Valley, contains cave sites with a rich archaeological record referred to Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. Although the scientific research started during the last century, it is only over the last decades that annual archaeological campaigns with multidisciplinary approach aimed at investigating the cave sites through modern application, regarding excavations methods as well as theoretical issues.
Among the archaeological record, organic tools in bone, antler and ivory are frequently recovered, regardless the occupation phase of the sites. In 2007, Barth concluded the analyses on the Gravettian organic tools assemblages, by highlighting how some of the cave sites representing the region have been characterized by a contemporaneous human frequentation; it is demonstrated that one or several human groups inhabited the caves and left hints of shared material culture and technological skills. Besides, the research shed a light on the complemenary use of the caves in terms of Chaine Opératoire, as some sites hint at processing of raw material with a low percentage of finished tools, whereas others are mostly characterized by finished artifacts and, conversely, a lack in intermediate products (i.e. matrix blank, roughout). The resulting framework finds reliable comparison with parallel refitting studies conducted on lithic assemblages from the same layers and cave sites.      
The present thesis project aims at the investigation of more recent Magdalenian layers from Hohle Fels, Brillenhöhle, Geißenklosterle and Sirgenstein sites. The goal is to assess a continuity or breakage of those behavioural patterns recurring during the gravettian frequentation. i.e. a shared material culture and equal technological skills in organic tools production. This will involve the contribution of zooarchaeological research in terms of available resources, in order to interpret the resulting data with a technological and economical approach. Furthermore, a use-wear analysis is programmed for the understanding of past activities in which the tools have been involved, increasing the possibility to reconstruct the past human behaviour and economy in the Swabian Jura during the late Upper Palaeolithic.

Academic studies

Since March 2019 : Doctoral studies at the Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen.       
Supervisors: Prof. Nicholas J. Conard and Prof. Britt Starkovich

From October 2017 to January 2018: Erasmus Traineeship at Université Paris Nanterre, MAE Maison Max Weber, Nanterre.       
Supervisor: Dr. Éva David

September 2017: Master degree in Quaternary and Prehistory Erasmus Mundus program, Tautavel, France. Università degli Studi di Ferrara (Thesis title: Techno-functional analysis of bone and antler industry from Farneto (Bologna, Italy) and Sa Osa (Oristano,Italy) archaeological sites).

March-April 2017: Apheleia international seminar, Session II, Education, training, and communication in the cultural management of landscapes, Maçao, Portugal.

March-June 2016: Erasmus mobility at Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris

January 2015: Bachelor degree in Archaeological Sciences at Università degli Studi di Roma la Sapienza, Rome , Italy (thesis title: Columbellae rusticae and other marine shells from Grotta di Pozzo (AQ, Italy)).
Supervisor: Prof. Margherita Mussi.

Posters and presentations

Gargani E., Bertolini M., Usai A., Thun U.H., 2019. Analisi tecno-funzionale su manufatti in osso provenienti dal sito pre-nuragico di Sa Osa (Cabras, Oristano): un approccio sperimentale. AIAZ IX Congress (28th november-1st December) 2018, Ravenna (Italy).

Gargani E., Bertolini M., Thun U.H., 2018. Functional analysis of bone and antler industry from Farneto (Bologna, Italy) and Sa Osa (Oristano, Italy) archaeological sites. UISPP XVIII Congress (4th-9th june) 2018, Paris (France).

Machkovski A., Gargani E., Akhavan Kharazian M.S., 2017. The Role of Landscape Transformation in Human Adaptation Strategies. Apheleia project, Session II “Education, training and communication in cultural management of landscape”, Maçao (Portugal).

Brunelli E., Catelli E., Gargani E., Gazzoli D., Mussi M., 2016. Ornamenti e pigmenti a Grotta di Pozzo (AQ): livelli Epigravettiani e livelli Sauveterriani. IV Conference Proceedings “Il Fucino e le aree limitrofe nell’antichità”, Avezzano (Italy), Archeoclub della Marsica: pp.87-96.

Mussi M., Brunelli E., Cancellieri E., Catelli E., D’Angelo E., De Angelis G., Di Bianco L., Fiore I., Gala M., Gargani E., Melis R., Piarulli F., Ruta G., 2016. La sequenza del Tardoglaciale e dell’Olocene antico di Grotta di Pozzo (L’Aquila), nelle montagne dell’Italia centrale – The Lateglacial and early Holocene sequence of Grotta di Pozzo (L’Aquila), in the mountains of central Italy. Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria (IIPP), AIQUA – Associazione Italiana per lo Studio del Quaternario. Incontri annuali di Preistoria e Protostoria,1.

Excavations and fieldworks

Pirro Nord (Apricena, Italy), August 2018. Directors: Prof. Marta Arzarello et al. (University of Ferrara).

Hohle Fels (Blaubeuren, Germany), July 2018. Directors: Prof. Nicholas J. Conard and Dr. Maria Malina (University of Tübingen).

La Ferrassie (Les Eyzies de Tayac en Dordogne, France), September 2016. Directors : Laurent Chiotti (Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle)

Rio Secco (Clauzetto, Italy), July 2016. Directors: Dr. Matteo Romandini (University of Ferrara)

Fumane cave (Molina, Italy), July 2016. Directors: Prof. Marco Peresani (University of Ferrara) and Dr. Rossella Duches (MUSE- Museo delle Scienze, Trento).

Valle Giumentina (Abbateggio, Italy), June 2015. Directors: Dr. Elisa Nicoud (CNRS France) and Dr. Daniele Aureli (University of Bologna).

Vogelherd (Blaubeuren, Germany) August 2014, Laboratory activities. Directors: Dr. Maria Malina and Dr. Mohsen Zeidi (University of Tübingen).

Grotta di Pozzo (Orucchio, Italy), July 2014. Directors: Prof. Margherita Mussi and Dr. Luca di Bianco (University of Roma La Sapienza).

Coppa Nevigata (Manfredonia, Italy), September 2013. Directors: Prof. Alberto Cazzella et al. (University of Roma La Sapienza).

Oratino, La Rocca (Campobasso, Italy), July 2013. Directors: Prof. Alberto Cazzella and Dr. Michela Danesi (Universiy of Roma La Sapienza)

Montenero in Sabina (Rieti, Italy), May 2012. Director: Dr. Federico Giletti.