Urgeschichte und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie

Publications in peer-reviewed journals

Baines, J., Riehl, S., Conard, N., Zeidi-Kulehparcheh, M., 2014. Upper Palaeolithic archaeobotany of Ghar-e Boof cave, Iran: a case study in site disturbance and methodology, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 1-12.


Höflmayer, F., Dee, M.W., Genz, H., Riehl, S., 2014. Radiocarbon evidence for the Early Bronze Age Levant: the site of Tell Fadous-Kfarabida (Lebanon) and the end of the Early Bronze III period. Radiocarbon 56/2: 1-14.


Riehl, S., Marinova, E., Deckers, K., Malina, M., and Conard, N., 2014. Plant use and local vegetation patterns during the second half of the Late Pleistocene in southwestern Germany. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences:1-17.


Zeidi, M., Conard, N.J., Riehl, S., 2013. Archaeobotanical Archiving—Response. Science 341 (6148): 840. [DOI:10.1126/science.341.6148.840-b]


Riehl, S., Zeidi, M., Conard, N.J., 2013. Emergence of Agriculture in the Foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. Science 341 (6141):65-67. doi:10.1126/science.1236743


Riehl, S. 2013. Comment in: Asouti, E. and Fuller, D. Q., A Contextual Approach to the Emergence of Agriculture in Southwest Asia: Reconstructing Early Neolithic Plant-Food Production. Current Anthropology 54, 299-345: 335-336.


Benz, M., Coşkun, A., Hajdas, I., Deckers, K., Riehl, S., Alt, K.W., Özkaya, V., Weninger, B. 2012. Methodological implications of new readiocarbon dates from the Early Holocene site of Körtik Tepe, southeast Anatolia. Radiocarbon 54, 3-4, p. 291-304.


Riehl, S. 2012. Holocene book review: Origins of Agriculture in Western Central Asia - An Environmental-Archaeological Study. The Holocene 22:3, pp. 378-379.


Riehl, S., Benz, M., Conard, N., Deckers, K., Fazeli, H., Zeidi, M. 2012. The modalities of plant use in three PPNA sites of the northern and eastern Fertile Crescent - A preliminary report. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 21: 95-106.


Riehl, S. 2012. Variability in ancient Near Eastern environmental and agricultural development. Journal of Arid Environments 86: 113-121.

Pustovoytov, K., Riehl, S., and Hilger, H. 2010. Oxygen isotopic composition of fruit carbonate in Lithospermeae and its relevance to paleoclimate research in the Mediterranean. Global and Planetary Change 71: 258–268. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.11.01

Riehl, S., Pustovoytov, K.E., Hotchkiss, S., Bryson, R.A. 2009. Local Holocene environmental indicators in Upper Mesopotamia: pedogenic carbonate record vs. archaeobotanical data and archaeoclimatological models. Quaternary International 209: 154-162. dx.doi.org10.1016/j.quaint.2008.06.012

Deckers, K., Riehl, S., Jenkins, E., Rosen, A., Dodonov, A., Simakova, A.N. and Conard, N.J. 2009. Vegetation development and human occupation in the Damascus Region of southwestern Syria from the Late Pleistocene to Holocene. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 18: 329-340.

Deckers, K., Riehl, S., 2009. Tells in the Upper Khabur Basin of northeastern Syria: their hydrological and agrarian contexts. Paleorient 34/2: 173-189.

Marinova, E. Riehl, S. 2009. Carthamus spp. in the ancient Near East and southeastern Europe: archaeobotanical evidence for its distribution and use as a source of oil. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 18: 341-349. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-009-0212-z

Riehl, S. 2009. “Archaeobotanical evidence for the interrelationship of agricultural decision-making and climate change in the ancient Near East.” Quaternary International 197: 93-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2007.08.005

Riehl, S. 2008. Climate and agriculture in the ancient Near East: a synthesis of the archaeobotanical and stable carbon isotope evidence. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-008-0156-8

Riehl, S., Bryson, R.A., Pustovoytov, K.E. 2008. Changing growing conditions for crops during the Near Eastern Bronze Age (3000-1200 BC): The stable carbon isotope evidence. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35: 1011-1022. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.07.003

Riehl, S. and E. Marinova, 2008. “Mid-Holocene vegetation change in the Troad (W Anatolia): Man-made or natural?”. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17,3: 297-312. available online: dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-007-0118-6

Riehl, S., Bryson, R. A. 2007. "Variability in human adaptation to changing environmental conditions in Upper Mesopotamia during the Early to Middle Bronze Age transition". Varia Anatolica XIX. Edited by Catherine Marro and Catherine Kuzucuoğlu. p.523-548.

Riehl, S., Bryson, R.A., Pustovoytov, K.E., Hotchkiss, S. 2007. Testing Holocene pedogenic carbonate coatings as a proxy: climate models and archaeobotanical data from the Northern Fertile Crescent. Quaternary International 167-168: 334.

Kuzucuoğlu, C., Deckers, K., Herveux, L., Mc Corriston, J., Pessin, H., Riehl, S., Geyer, B., Vila, E, 2007. “Characters and changes in archaeology-related environmental data during the third millennium BC in Upper Mesopotamia”. Varia Anatolica XIX. Edited by Catherine Marro and Catherine Kuzucuoğlu. p.573-580.

Cordova, C. E., Harrison, S., Mudie, P., Riehl, S., Leroy, S.A.G., Ortiz, N. 2007. Pollen, plant macrofossil and charcoal records for paleovegetation reconstruction in the Mediterranean-Black Sea Corridor since the last glacial maximum. Quaternary International. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2007.06.015

Deckers, K., Riehl, S. 2007. “An evaluation of botanical assemblages from the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC in northern Syria”. Varia Anatolica XIX. Edited by Catherine Marro and Catherine Kuzucuoğlu. p.481-502.

Deckers, K. and S. Riehl, 2007. Fluvial environmental contexts for archaeological sites in the Upper Khabur basin (northeastern Syria). Quaternary Research 67: 337-348.

Riehl, S. and K. Pustovoytov. 2006. Comment on van Geel et al., Journal of Archaeological Science 31 (2004) "Climate change and the expansion of the Scythian culture after 850 BC: a hypothesis.” Journal of Archaeological Science 33(1):143-144.

Pustovoytov, K. and S. Riehl. 2006. Suitability of biogenic carbonate of Lithospermum fruits for 14C dating. Quaternary Research 65: 508-518.

Deckers, K. and S. Riehl. 2004. The development of economy and environment from the Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age in Northern Syria and the Levant. A case-study from the Upper Khabur region. Antiquity 78.302.

Pustovoytov, K. E., Riehl, S., and Mittmann, S. 2004. Radiocarbon age of carbonate in fruits of Lithospermum from the early Bronze Age settlement of Hirbet ez-Zeraqon (Jordan). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 13, 207-212.

Research monographs, chapters in collective volumes

Riehl, S., Marinova, E., Uerpmann, H.-P., in press. Landschaftsgeschichte der Troas. Bioarchäologische Forschungen. In: E. Pernicka, C. Brian Rose, P. Jablonka (eds.), Troia 1988–2008: Grabungen und Forschungen. I. Forschungsgeschichte, Methoden und Landschaft. Studia Troica Monographien 5 (Darmstadt 2014). Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt.


Riehl, S., Marinova, E., in press. Archäobotanik. In: E. Pernicka, C. Brian Rose, P. Jablonka (eds.), Troia 1988–2008: Grabungen und Forschungen. I. Forschungsgeschichte, Methoden und Landschaft. Studia Troica Monographien 5 (Darmstadt 2014). Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt.


Riehl, S. in press. Palaeoethnobotany. In: Beaudry, M; Metheny, K. (ed) The Archaeology of food: An Encyclopedia. AltaMira Press.


Höflmayer, F., Dee, M., Riehl, S. in press. Chapter X. Radiocarbon dates. In: Yasur-Landau, A. and Cline, E. H. (eds.) Tel Kabri II. The 2005-2011 Excavation Seasons.


Riehl, S. (in press). Changes in crop production in Anatolia from the Neolithic period until the end of the early Bronze Age. In: Wawruschka, C. (ed) Prehistoric Economies of Anatolia: Subsistence Strategies and Exchange. Marie Leidorf, Rahden.


Riehl, S. (in press). The significance of prehistoric weed floras for the reconstruction of interrelations of environment and crop husbandry practices during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages in the Near East. In "Ancient plants and people – contemporary trends in archaeobotany." (M. Madella, and M. Savard, Eds.). University of Arizona Press, Tucson.


Riehl, S. (in press). Understanding the reasons for non-sustainability in past agricultural systems. In "Climate and Ancient Societies. Causes and human responses. The Stine Rossel Memorial Conference." (S. Kerner, Ed.), Kopenhagen.


Riehl, S. (in press). Plant production at Qatna in the environmental and supra-regional economic context. In “Qatna and the Networks of Bronze Age Globalism. Akten einer internationalen Konferenz in Stuttgart im Oktober 2009“ (Qatna Studien Band 8). (P. Pfälzner, Ed.).


Riehl, S. (in press) Spices. In: A. Berlejung (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Material Culture in the Biblical World, Mohr Siebeck Verlag, Tübingen.


Riehl, S. (in press) Resins. In: A. Berlejung (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Material Culture in the Biblical World, Mohr Siebeck Verlag, Tübingen.


Riehl, S., Pustovoytov, K., Othmanli, H. (in press) Agricultural Patterns in the Aegean in the 4th Millennium BC – An Explanatory Model. In: Horejs, B.
Riehl, S., Pustovoytov, K., Dornauer, A., Sallaberger, W. 2012. Mid-late Holocene agricultural system transformations in the northern Fertile Crescent: A review of the archaeobotanical, geoarchaeological, and philological evidence. L. Giosan, P. Clift (eds), Past Climate, Landscapes & Civilizations. AGU monograph series. 115-136.


Riehl, S. and Deckers, K. 2012. Environmental and agricultural dynamics in Northern Mesopotamia during the Early and Middle Bronze Age. In: Pfälzner, P.; Laneri, N. and Anastasio, S. (ed) Looking North: the socio-economic dynamics of northern Mesopotamian and Anatolian regions during the late third and early second millennium BC. Harrassovitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, p.11-24.


Zeidi, M., Riehl, S., Napierala, H., Conard, N., 2012. Chogha Golan: A PPN site in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains, Ilam Province, Iran (Report on the first season of excavation in 2009), in: Matthews, R., Curtis, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 259-275.


Riehl, S. 2011. Climate and agricultural decision-making: Environmental constraints and economic development in Near Eastern sites between 5000 – 3500 cal BP. Archaeology and Human Ecology in Southwestern Asia. International Symposium in Honor of Hans-Peter Uerpmann.


Riehl, S. 2011, 8. Ostracods and seed remains from the Hamidi sequence. In “Holocene landscapes through time in the Fertile Crescent”. (K. Deckers, Ed.). Subartu vol. 28, 97-106.


Riehl, S. and K. Deckers (2009) 2011, The botanical finds from the 2007 and 2008 seasons of excavations. In “Excavations at Tell Fadous – Kfarabdia: Preliminary report on the 2009 seasons of excavations”. (H. Genz, Ed.). BAAL 13 (2009), 110-116.


Riehl, S. 2010, Archäobotanische Funde aus der Kampagne 2009 in Qubur al-Walaydah. In. G. Lehmann et al., Excavations in Qubur al-Walaydah 2007-2009. Welt des Orients, 40/2, 259-267.


Riehl, S. 2010, Plant production in a changing environment – The archaeobotanical remains from Tell Mozan. In: K. Deckers, M. Doll, P. Pfälzner and S. Riehl, Ausgrabungen 1998 - 2001 in der Zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan / Urkeš: The Development of the Environment, Subsistence and Settlement of the City of Urkeš and its Region, SUN, Serie A, Vol. 3. 13-158.


Riehl, S. 2010, Flourishing agriculture in times of political instability – the archaeobotanical and isotopic evidence from Tell Atchana. Chapter 10, in: Kutlu Aslihan Yener (ed.), Excavations in the plain of Antioch. Tell Atchana, Ancient Alalakh, a Bronze Age capital in the Amuq Valley, Turkey. The 2003-2004 excavation seasons. 123-136.


Riehl, S. 2010, Maintenance of agricultural stability in a changing environment - the archaeobotanical evidence at Emar. In: Finkbeiner, U. und Sakal, F. (ed.) Emar after the closure of the Tabqa dam. The Syrian-German excavations 1996–2002. Vol.1: Late Roman and Medieval cemeteries and environmental studies. Subartu 25. p. 177-224

Riehl, S. 2009 , A cross-disciplinary investigation of cause-and-effect for the dependence of agro-production on climate change in the ancient Near East. Münzel, S. and de Beauclair, R. (eds.) Festschrift for Hans-Peter Uerpmann. 217-226.

Riehl, S. 2007, Preliminary archaeobotanical results from the Palace at Qatna (Tell Mishrife) in: D. Morandi Bonacossi (ed.), Urban and Natural Landscapes of an Ancient Syrian Capital. Settlement and Environment at Tell Mishrifeh/Qatna and in Central-Western Syria. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Udine, 9-11 December 2004, Studi Archeologici su Qatna 1, Udine, Forum Editrice. p. 145-152.

Riehl, S. and K. Deckers (2005) 2007. Plant remains (in: The AUB Tell Fad'us (Kfarabida) rescue project - a preliminary report on the 2004 season, by K. Badreshany, H. Genz, H. Sader). Bulletin d'archeologie et d'architecture Libanaises, BAAL 9, p. 84-88

Riehl, S. 2006. Unser täglich Brot.... – Pflanzenproduktion und Ernährung in Troia. In: Korfmann, M. et al., Troia. Archäologie eines Siedlungshügels und seiner Landschaft. Philipp von Zabern Verlag, p. 297-308

Riehl, S. 2006. Nomadism, pastoralism and transhumance in the archaeobotanical record. Examples and methodological problems. In: Hauser, S. (ed.) Die Sichtbarkeit von Nomaden und saisonaler Besiedlung in der Archäologie. Multidisziplinäre Annäherungen an ein methodisches Problem, pp. 105-125. Orientwissenschaftliche Hefte. vol. 21, Halle: Druckhaus Schütze GmbH.

Riehl, S. 2004. Jungneolithische Pflanzenproduktion und Nutzung des Naturraums am Überlinger See / Bodensee. Archäobotanische Untersuchungen an Kulturschichtsedimenten aus der Seeufersiedlung Sipplingen. In "Siedlungen der Pfyner Kultur im Osten der Pfahlbaubucht von Sipplingen, Bodenseekreis" (H. Schlichtherle, Ed.), pp. 9-76. Janus, Hemmenhofen.

Riehl, S., Nesbitt, M. 2003. Crops and cultivation in the Iron Age Near East: change or continuity?. In: Fischer, B. et al. (Hrsg.), Identifying Changes - The transition from Bronze to Iron Ages in Anatolia and its neighbouring regions. Symposium Istanbul 2002. 301-312.

Riehl, S. 1999. Bronze Age environment and economy in the Troad: the archaeobotany of Kumtepe and Troy. BioArchaeologica vol. 2. Tübingen: Mo-Vince-Verlag.

Other publications (non-peer-review)

Riehl, S. 2014. Neolithisierung. Der lange Weg zur Landwirtschaft. Spektrum der Wissenschaft, April 2014: 64-68.


Riehl, S. 2014. Archäobotanik im Iran. Archäologie in Deutschland


Conard, N.J., Riehl, S., Zeidi, M. 2013. Revisiting Neolithisation in the Zagros Foothills; Excavation at Chogha Golan A PPN Site in the Foothills of the Zagros Mountains, Western Iran. In: R. Matthews – H. Fazeli Nashli, The Neolithization of Iran. P.64-71.


Darabi, H., Fazeli Nashli, H., Naseri, R., Riehl, S., Young, R., 2013. The Neolithisation Process in the Seimarreh Valley: Excavations at East Chia Sabz, Central Zagros. In: R. Matthews – H. Fazeli Nashli, The Neolithization of Iran.
Coşkun, A., Benz, M., Rössner, C., Deckers, K., Riehl, S., Alt, K.W., Özkaya, V., 2012. New results on the Younger Dryas occupation at Körtik Tepe, Neolithics. The Newsletter of Southwest Asian Neolithic Research 1, 25-32.


Conard, N., Bretzke, K., Deckers, K., Hillgruber, K.F., Kandel, A.W., Masri, M., Napierala, H., Riehl, S., Stahlschmidt, M. (submitted) Natufian lifeways in the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. In: O. Bar-Yosef – F. Valla, F. (ed.), Proceedings of the 2nd Natufian Conference in Paris, 7-11 September 2009.


Coskun, A., Benz, M., Erdal, Y.S., Koruyucu, M.M., Deckers, K., Riehl, S., Siebert, A., Alt, K.W., Özkaya, V. 2011. Living by the water - Boon and Bane for the People of Körtik Tepe. Neo-Lithics 2.10, 60-71.


Riehl, S. and E. Marinova 2011. Archäobotanischer Vorbericht zu den eisenzeitlichen Gruben in Oymaağaç, MDOG.

Riehl, S., Vila, E., Pena-Chocarro, L. 2009, Viehzucht und Ackerbau – Ernährung in der Bronzezeit. Ausstellungskatalog zur „Qatna-Ausstellung“ p.138-141.

Riehl, S. 2009, Archäobotanik und Jäger-Sammler-Gesellschaften. Ausstellungskatalog zur Landesausstellung „Eiszeitkunst und Eiszeitkultur“.

Riehl, S. and Owen, L.R. 2009, Nicht vom Fleisch allein... Das reiche pflanzliche Nahrungsangebot der Eiszeit. Ausstellungskatalog zur Landesausstellung „Eiszeitkunst und Eiszeitkultur“, p.200-202.

Riehl, S. 2009, Agricultural decision-making in the Bronze Age Near East: the development of archaeobotanical crop plant assemblages in relation to climate change. Proceedings of the ICAANE 2006.

Riehl, S. und Deckers, K. 2008, Vorbericht zu einigen eisenzeitlichen und mittelalterlichen Pflanzenresten vom Tell Halaf, in Orthmann, W., Novak, M. and Martin, L., eds., Tell Halaf, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 105-118.

Cremaschi, M., Canci, A., Gourichon, L., Pena-Chocarro, L., Pümpin, C., Riehl, S., Vila, E. 2007, The environment of ancient Qatna. Contributions from natural sciences and landscape archaeology. in: D. Morandi Bonacossi (ed.), Urban and Natural Landscapes of an Ancient Syrian Capital. Settlement and Environment at Tell Mishrifeh/Qatna and in Central-Western Syria. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Udine, 9-11 December 2004, Studi Archeologici su Qatna 1, Udine, Forum Editrice. p. 331-336.

Riehl, S., C. Kümmel 2005. The archaeobotanical database for Eastern Mediterranean and Near Eastern sites http://www.cuminum.de/archaeobotany

Riehl, S. 2004. Archaeobotany at the Early Bronze Age settlement of Hirbet ez-Zeraqon: a preliminary report. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 120, 101-122; plate 4-7.

Riehl, S. 2001. Die organischen Proben, in: Mansfeld, G., Die Kontroll-Ausgrabungen des „Pinnacle E 4/5“ im Zentrum der Burg Troia. Studia Troica 11, S. 271.

Riehl, S. 2001. Vorbericht der archäobotanischen Bestandsaufnahme in Emar. Baghdader Mitteilungen 32: 157 – 172. pl. 1 – 2

Riehl, S. 2000. Erste Ergebnisse der archäobotanischen Untersuchungen am Tall Mozan/Urkesh. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 132: 229 – 238.

Riehl, S. 2000. Archäobotanische Untersuchung einiger Proben aus der Grabungskampagne 1994, in: Bofinger, J. et al. (Hrsg.), Das Oppidum von Bramefan. 119 – 124.

Kolb, M., Riehl, S. 2000. Archäologische und archäobotanische Untersuchungen in einer Seeuferrandsiedlung in Sipplingen, Bodenseekreis. In: Biel, J., Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg 1999. 33 – 38

Antanaitis, I., Riehl, S., Kisieliene, D., Kelertas, K. 2000. The evolution of the subsistence economy and archaeobotanical research in Lithuania. Lietuvos Archeologija 19: 47 – 67.

Riehl, S. 1999. Archäobotanik in der Troas. Studia Troica 9. S. 367 – 409.

Riehl, S. 1998. Interdisziplinarität - nur eine Utopie? Beobachtungen aus archäobotanischer Sicht. Archäologische Informationen 21:21 - 26.