Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry (IFIB)

News

06/21/2018

Convergent Evolution

Shaping the import system of mitochondria

© Doron Rapaport

Mitochondria are organelles that fulfil a variety of critical functions in eukaryotic cells. The vast majority of mitochondrial proteins are made in the cytosol, and then imported into the organelle. These proteins are recognized and processed by various import machineries, which are embedded in the two membranes (inner and outer mitochondrial membranes) that enclose a mitochondrion.

Assembly and/or insertion of a subset of mitochondrial outer membrane proteins require the fungi-specific Mim1/Mim2 complex. So far it was unclear which proteins accomplish this task in other eukaryotes. In collaboration with investigators from Bern University, IFIB researchers have shown by reciprocal complementation that the MOM protein pATOM36 of trypanosomes is a functional analogue of yeast Mim1/Mim2 complex, even though these proteins show neither sequence nor topological similarity. These findings indicate that Mim1/Mim2 and pATOM36 are the products of convergent evolution and arose only after the ancestors of fungi and trypanosomatids diverged.

Link to Press Release

Publication:

Daniela Vitali, Sandro Käser, Antonia Kolb, Kai S Dimmer, Andre Schneider, Doron Rapaport: Independent evolution of functionally exchangeable mitochondrial outer membrane import complexes. eLife, 2018;7:e34488. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.34488

Contact:

Prof. Doron Rapaport, PhD

Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry

University of Tuebingen

Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 4

72076 Tuebingen

Germany

Tel: +49-7071-2974184

Fax: +49-7071-294016

E-mail: doron.rapaportspam prevention@uni-tuebingen.de

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