Publications

2021

Usman, M., Monfort, O., Haderlein, S., & Hanna, K. (2021). Enhancement of Pentachlorophenol Removal in a Historically Contaminated Soil by Adding Ascorbic Acid to H2O2/Magnetite System. Catalysts, 11(3), 331.

Peiffer, S., Kappler, A., Haderlein, S. B., Schmidt, C., Byrne, J. M., Kleindienst, S., Vogt, C., Richnow, H. H., Obst, M., Angenent, L. T., Bryce, C., McCammon, C. & Planer-Friedrich, B. (2021). A biogeochemical–hydrological framework for the role of redox-active compounds in aquatic systems. Nature Geoscience, 14, 264-272.

2020

Bai, Y., Sun, T., Angenent, L. T., Haderlein, S., & Kappler, A. (2020). Electron hopping enables rapid electron transfer between quinone-/hydroquinone-containing organic molecules in microbial iron (III) mineral reduction. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(17): 10646-10653.

Bai, Y., Mellage, A., Cirpka, O. A., Sun, T., Angenent, L. T., Haderlein, S. B., & Kappler, A. (2020). AQDS and redox-active NOM enables microbial Fe (III)-mineral reduction at cm-scales. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(7): 4131-4139.

Bai, Y., Subdiaga, E., Haderlein, S. B., Knicker, H., & Kappler, A. (2020). High-pH and anoxic conditions during soil organic matter extraction increases its electron-exchange capacity and ability to stimulate microbial Fe(III) reduction by electron shuttling. Biogeosciences, 17(3): 683-698.

Büsing, J., Buchner, D., Behrens, S., & Haderlein, S. B. (2020). Deciphering the Variability of Stable Isotope (C, Cl) Fractionation of Tetrachloroethene Biotransformation by Desulfitobacterium strains Carrying Different Reductive Dehalogenases Enzymes. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(3): 1593-1602 .

Li, S., Braun, J., Buchner, D., & Haderlein, S. B. (2020). Denitrifier method for nitrite removal in electrochemical analysis of the electron accepting capacity of humic substances. Analytical chemistry, 92(1): 616-621.

Li, S., Kappler, A., Zhu, Y., & Haderlein, S. B. (2020). Mediated electrochemical analysis as emerging tool to unravel links between microbial redox cycling of natural organic matter and anoxic nitrogen cycling. Earth-Science Reviews, 208: 103281.

Martin, P. R., Buchner, D., Jochmann, M. A. & Haderlein, S. B. (2020). Stable carbon isotope analysis of polyphosphonate complexing agents by anion chromatography coupled to isotope ratio mass spectrometry: method development and application. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 412: 4827–4835.

Pascual, M., Sánchez-Monedero, M. Á., Cayuela, M. L., Li, S., Haderlein, S. B., Ruser, R., & Kappler, A. (2020). Biochar as electron donor for reduction of N2O by Paracoccus denitrificans. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 96(8): fiaa133.

Subdiaga, E., Harir, M., Orsetti, S., Hertkorn, N., Schmitt-Kopplin, P., & Haderlein, S. B. (2020). Preferential sorption of tannins at aluminum oxide affects the electron exchange capacities of dissolved and sorbed humic acid fractions. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(3): 1837-1847.

Wimmer, B., Pattky, M., Zada, L.G., Meixner, M., Haderlein, S.B., Zimmermann, H.P., & Huhn, C. (2020). Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry for the direct analysis of glyphosate: method development and application to beer beverages and environmental studies. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 412: 49674983.

Yang, Z., Sun, T., Subdiaga, E., Obst, M., Haderlein, S. B., Maisch, M., Kretzschmar, R., Angenent, L. T. & Kappler, A. (2020). Aggregation-dependent electron transfer via redox-active biochar particles stimulate microbial ferrihydrite reduction. Science of The Total Environment, 703: 135515.

2019

Buchner, D., Schweikhart, M., Behrens, S., Schöndorf, T., Laskov, C., & Haderlein, S. B. (2019). Sanierung eines PCE-Schadens in einem makroskopisch oxischen Grundwasserleiter durch Stimulation anaerober dehalogenierender Bakterien. Grundwasser, 24: 51-63.

Li, S., Yang, X., Buchner, D., Wang, H., Xu, H., Haderlein, S. B., & Zhu, Y. (2019). Increased copper levels inhibit denitrification in urban soils. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 109: 421-427.

Subdiaga, E., Orsetti, S., & Haderlein, S. B. (2019). Effects of Sorption on Redox Properties of Natural Organic Matter. Environmental science & technology, 53(24): 14319-14328 .

2018

Liu, Q., Chen, B., Haderlein, S., Gopalakrishnan, G., & Zhou, Y. (2018). Characteristics and environmental response of secondary minerals in AMD from Dabaoshan Mine, South China. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 155: 50-58.

Usman, M., Byrne, J. M., Chaudhary, A., Orsetti, S., Hanna, K., Ruby, C., Kappler, A., Haderlein, S. B. (2018). Magnetite and Green Rust: Synthesis, Properties, and Environmental Applications of Mixed-Valent Iron Minerals. Chemical reviews, 118 (7): 3251–3304.

2017

Buchner, D., Jin, B., Ebert, K., Rolle, M., Elsner, M., & Haderlein, S. B. (2017). Experimental determination of isotope enrichment factors–bias from mass removal by repetitive sampling. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(3): 1527-1536.

Ebert, K. A., Laskov, C., Elsner, M., & Haderlein, S. B. (2017). Calibration bias of experimentally determined chlorine isotope enrichment factors: the need for a two‐point calibration in compound‐specific chlorine isotope analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 31(1): 68-74.

Lorenz, C.S., Wicht, A.J., Guluzada, L., Luo, L., Jäger, L., Crone, B., Karst, U., Triebskorn, R., Liang, Y., Anwander, R., Haderlein, S.B.. Huhn, C., Köhler, H.R. (2017) Nano-sized Al2O3 reduces acute toxic effects of thiacloprid on the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius. PLOS ONE 12(6): e0179786

2016

Usman, M., Hanna, K., & Haderlein, S. (2016). Fenton oxidation to remediate PAHs in contaminated soils: A critical review of major limitations and counter-strategies. Science of the Total Environment, 569: 179-190.

Schneider, F., & Haderlein, S. B. (2016). Potential effects of biochar on the availability of phosphorus—mechanistic insights. Geoderma, 277: 83-90.

Yu, Z. G., Orsetti, S., Haderlein, S. B., & Knorr, K. H. (2016). Electron Transfer Between Sulfide and Humic Acid: Electrochemical Evaluation of the Reactivity of Sigma-Aldrich Humic Acid Toward Sulfide. Aquatic Geochemistry, 22(2): 117-130.

2015

Blessing, M., Jochmann, M.A., Haderlein, S.B., and Schmidt, T.C. (2015) Optimization of a large-volume injection method for compound-specific isotope analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds at trace concentrations. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 29: 2349–60.

Buchner, D., Behrens, S., Laskov, C., and Haderlein, S.B. (2015) Resiliency of Stable Isotope Fractionation (δ(13)C and δ(37)Cl) of Trichloroethene to Bacterial Growth Physiology and Expression of Key Enzymes. Environmental Science & Technology 49: 13230–7.

Huq, F., Haderlein, S.B., Cirpka, O.A., Nowak, M., Blum, P., and Grathwohl, P. (2015) Flow-through experiments on water–rock interactions in a sandstone caused by CO2 injection at pressures and temperatures mimicking reservoir conditions. Appl. Geochemistry 58: 136–146.

Lützenkirchen, J., Marsac, R., Kulik, D.A., Payne, T.E., Xue, Z., Orsetti, S., and Haderlein, S.B. (2015) Treatment of multi-dentate surface complexes and diffuse layer implementation in various speciation codes. Appl. Geochemistry 55: 128–137.

2014

Jin, B., Rolle, M., Li, T. and Haderlein, S.B. (2014): Diffusive fractionation of BTEX and chlorinated ethenes in aqueous solution: Quantification of spatial isotope gradients. Environmental Science and Technology 48(11), 6141-6150.

2013

Cretnik, S., Thoreson, K.A., Bernstein, A., Ebert, K., Buchner, D., Laskov, C., Haderlein, S., Shouakar-Stash, O., Kliegman, S., McNeill, K. and Elsner, M. (2013): Reductive Dechlorination of TCE by Chemical Model Systems in Comparison to Dehalogenating Bacteria: Insights from Dual Element Isotope Analysis (C-13/C-12, Cl-37/Cl-35). Environmental Science & Technology 47(13), 6855-6863.

Jin, B., Haderlein, S.B. and Rolle, M. (2013): Integrated Carbon and Chlorine Isotope Modeling: Applications to Chlorinated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Dechlorination. Environmental Science & Technology 47(3), 1443-1451.

Orsetti, S., Laskov, C. and Haderlein, S.B. (2013): Electron Transfer between Iron Minerals and Quinones: Estimating the Reduction Potential of the Fe(II)-Goethite Surface from AQDS Speciation. Environmental Science & Technology 47(24), 14161-14168.

Liu, L., Wu, F., Haderlein, S. and Grathwohl, P. (2013): Determination of the subcooled liquid solubilities of PAHs in partitioning batch experiments. Geoscience Frontiers 4(1), 123-126.

2012

Larese-Casanova, P., Kappler, A. and Haderlein, S.B. (2012): Heterogeneous oxidation of Fe(II) on iron oxides in aqueous systems: Identification and controls of Fe(III) product formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 91, 171-186.

Liu, L., Maier, U., Grathwohl, P. and Haderlein, S.B. (2012): Contaminant mass transfer from NAPLs to water studied in a continuously stirred flow-through reactor. Journal of Environmental Engineering (United States) 138(8), 826-832.

2011

Bernstein, A., Shouakar-Stash, O., Ebert, K., Laskov, C., Hunkeler, D., Jeannottat, S., Sakaguchi-Soeder, K., Laaks, J., Jochmann, M.A., Cretnik, S., Jager, J., Haderlein, S.B., Schmidt, T.C., Aravena, R. and Elsner, M. (2011): Compound-Specific Chlorine Isotope Analysis: A Comparison of Gas Chromatography/Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry and Gas Chromatography/Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry Methods in an Interlaboratory Study. Analytical Chemistry 83(20), 7624-7634.

Buchholz, A., Laskov, C. and Haderlein, S.B. (2011): Effects of Zwitterionic Buffers on Sorption of Ferrous Iron at Goethite and Its Oxidation by CCl4. Environmental Science & Technology 45(8), 3355-3360.

Buchner, D., Loganathan, M., Behrens, S., Laskov, C., Schoendorf, T. and Haderlein, S. (2011) GQ10: Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World. Schirmer, M., Hoehn, E. and Vogt, T. (eds), pp. 283-286.

Ebert, K., Laskov, C., Behrens, S. and Haderlein, S. (2011) GQ10: Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World. Schirmer, M., Hoehn, E. and Vogt, T. (eds), pp. 231-234.

Ilieva, D., Morasch, B. and Haderlein, S.B. (2011) GQ10: Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World. Schirmer, M., Hoehn, E. and Vogt, T. (eds), pp. 267-270.

Jin, B.A., Laskov, C., Rolle, M. and Haderlein, S.B. (2011): Chlorine Isotope Analysis of Organic Contaminants Using GC-qMS: Method Optimization and Comparison of Different Evaluation Schemes. Environmental Science & Technology 45(12), 5279-5286.

Tratnyek, P.G., Grundl, T.J. and Haderlein, S.B. (eds) (2011): Aquatic Redox Chemistry, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

Huq, F., Blum, P., Marks, M.A.W., Nowak, M., Haderlein, S.B. and Grathwohl, P. (2012): Chemical changes in fluid composition due to CO2 injection in the Altmark gas field: preliminary results from batch experiments. Environmental Earth Sciences 67(2), 385-394.

2010

Bi, E., T.C. Schmidt, S.B. Haderlein (2010): Practical issues relating to soil column chromatography for sorption parameter determination. Chemosphere 80(7), 787-793

Larese-Casanova, P., S.B. Haderlein, A. Kappler Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2010): Biomineralization of lepidocrocite and goethite by nitrate-reducing Fe(ii)-oxidizing bacteria: Effect of pH, bicarbonate, phosphate, and humic acids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74(13), 3721-3734.

2009

Pooley, K.E., M. Blessing, T.C. Schmidt, S.B. Haderlein, K.T.B. Macquarrie, H. Prommer (2009): Aerobic biodegradation of chlorinated ethenes in a fractured bedrock aquifer: Quantitative assessment by compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) and reactive transport modeling. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (19): 7458-7464.

Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2009): Response to comment on "effects of native organic material and water on sorption properties of reference diesel soot". Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (13): 5160.

Bi, E., L. Zhang, T.C. Schmidt, S.B. Haderlein (2009): Simulation of nonlinear sorption of N-heterocyclic organic contaminants in soil columns. J. Contaminant Hydrol. 107 (1-2): 58-65.

Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2009): LFERs for soil organic carbon - water distribution coefficients (KOC) at environmentally relevant sorbate concentrations. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (9): 3094-3100.

Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2009): Effects of naitve organic material and water on sorption properties of reference diesel soot. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (9): 3187-3193.

Blessing, M., T.C. Schmidt, R. Dinkel, S.B. Haderlein (2009): Delineation of multiple chlorinated ethene sources in an industrialized area - A forensic field study using compound-specific isotope analysis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (8): 2701-2707.

Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2009): Characterization of sorbent properties of soil organic matter and carbonaceous geosorbents using n-alkanes and cycloalkanes as molecular probes. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (2): 393-400.

2008

Endo, S., P. Grathwohl, S.B. Haderlein, T.C. Schmidt (2008): Compound-specific factors influencing sorption nonlinearity in natural organic matter. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (16): 5897-5903.

2007

Klotzbücher, T., A. Kappler , K.L. Straub, S.B. Haderlein (2007) Biodegradability and groundwater pollution potential of organic anti-freeze liquids in borehole heat exchanger fluids from geothermal heat pumps, Geothermics 36 (4): 348-361.

Bi, E., T.C. Schmidt, S.B. Haderlein (2007): Environmental factors influencing sorption of heterocyclic organic compounds to soil. Environ.Sci.Technol. 41 (9):3172-3178.

2006

Bi, E., T.C. Schmidt, S.B. Haderlein (2006): Sorption of heterocyclic organic compounds to reference soils: Column studies for process identification. Environ.Sci.Technol. 40 (19): 5962-5970.

Endo, S., T.C. Schmidt (2006): Prediction of partitioning between complex organic mixtures and water: Application of polyparameter linear free energy relationships. Environ.Sci.Technol. 40 (2): 536-545.

Endo, S., T.C. Schmidt (2006): Partitioning properties of linear and branched ethers: determination of linear solvation energy relationship (LSER) descriptors. Fluid Phase Equilibria 246: 143-152.

Jahn, M. K., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2006): Reduction of Prussian Blue by the two iron-reducing microorganisms Geobacter metallireducens and Shewanella alga. Environmental Microbiology 8 (2): 362-367.

Jochmann, M. A., M. Blessing, et al. (2006): A new approach to determine method detection limits for compound-specific isotope analysis of volatile organic compounds. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 20: 3639-3648.

Jochmann, M., M. Kmiecik, T.C. Schmidt (2006): Solid-phase dynamic extraction for the enrichment of polar volatile organic compound from water. J. of Chromatography A 1115: 208-216.

2005

Bi, E., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2005): Sorption of Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) and Tert-Butyl Alcohol (TBA) to Synthetic Resins. Water Res. 39: 4164-4176.

Haderlein, S. B., T. C. Schmidt, et al. (2005): Response to comment on "New evaluation scheme for two-dimensional isotope analysis to decipher biodegradation processes: Application to groundwater contamination by MTBE". Environ. Sci. Technol. 39 (4): 8543-8544.

Jahn, M. K., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2005): Anaerobic degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene in sediment-free iron-reducing enrichment cultures. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71 (6): 3355-3358.

Zwank, L., M. Berg, et al. (2005): New evaluation scheme for two-dimensional isotope analysis to decipher biodegradation processes: Application to groundwater contamination by MTBE. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39 (4): 1018-1029.

Zwank, L., M. Elsner, et al. (2005): Carbon Isotope Fractionation in the Reductive Dehalogenation of Carbon Tetrachloride at Iron (Hydr)Oxide and Iron Sulfide Minerals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39 (15): 5634-5641.

2004

Elsner, M., R. P. Schwarzenbach, et al. (2004): Reactivity of Fe(II)-Bearing Minerals toward Reductive Transformation of Organic Contaminants. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38 (3): 799-807.

Elsner, M., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2004): Mechanisms and products of surface-mediated reductive dehalogenation of carbon tetrachloride by Fe(II) on goethite. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38 (7): 2058-2066.

Schmidt, T. C., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2004): Occurrence and fate modeling of MTBE and BTEX compounds in a Swiss Lake used as drinking water supply. Water Research 38: 1520-1529.

Schmidt, T. C., M. Schirmer, et al. (2004): Microbial degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether and tert-butyl alcohol in the subsurface. J. Contam. Hydrol. 70: 173-203.

Schmidt, T. C., L. Zwank, et al. (2004): Compound-specific stable isotope analysis of organic contaminants in natural environments: a critical review of the state of the art, prospects, and future challenges. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 378: 283-300.

2003

Hofstetter, T. B., R. P. Schwarzenbach, et al. (2003): Reactivity of Fe(II) species associated with clay minerals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37 (3): 519-528.

Kappler, A. and S. B. Haderlein (2003): Natural organic matter as reductant for chlorinated aliphatic pollutants. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37 (12): 2714-2719.

Schmidt, T. C., P. Kleinert, et al. (2003) Polar fuel constituents - compound identification and equilibrium partitioning between nonaqueous phase liquids and water. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36 (19): 4074-4080.

Zwank, L., M. Berg, et al. (2003): Compound-specific carbon isotope analysis of volatile organic compounds in the low-microgram per liter range. Analytical Chemistry 75 (20): 5575-5583.

Zwank, L., M. Berg, et al. (2003): Compound-specific stable isotope analysis of organic groundwater contaminants: Environmental applications and analytical challenges. Chimia 57 (1-2): 44-44.

2002

Pecher, K., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2002): Reduction of polyhalogenated methanes by surface-bound Fe(II) in aqueous suspensions of iron oxides. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36 (8): 1734-1741.

Zwank, L., T. C. Schmidt, et al. (2002): Simultaneous determination of fuel oxygenates and BTEX using direct aqueous injection gas chromatography mass spectrometry (DAI-GC/MS). Environ. Sci. Technol. 36 (9): 2054-2059.

2001

Acero, J. L., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (2001): MTBE oxidation by conventional ozonation and the combination ozone/hydrogen peroxide: efficiency of the processes and bromate formation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35 (21): 4252-4259.

Schmidt, T. C., H.-A. Duong, et al. (2001): Analysis of fuel oxygenates in the environment. Analyst 126: 405-413.

1999

Bucheli, T. D., S. R. Müller, et al. (1999): Spherical clay conglomerates: a stationary phase for solid phase extraction and "reversed phase" liquid chromatography. Anal. Chem. 71: 2172-2178.

Hofstetter, T., C. G. Heijman, et al. (1999): Complete reduction of TNT and other (poly)nitroaromatic compounds under iron reducing subsurface conditions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33 (9): 1479-1487.

Weissmahr, K. W., M. Hildenbrand, et al. (1999): Laboratory and field scale evaluation of geochemical controls on groundwater transport of nitroaromatic ammunitions residues. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33 (15): 2593-2600.

1998

Fesch, C., W. Simon, et al. (1998): Nonlinear sorption and nonequilibrium solute transport in aggregated porous media: Experiments, process identification and modeling. J. Contam. Hydrol. 31 (3-4): 373-407.

Fesch, C., P. Lehmann, et al. (1998): Effect of water content on solute transport in a porous medium containing reactive micro-aggregates. J. Contam. Hydrol. 33 (1-2): 211-230.

Rügge, K., T. Hofstetter, et al. (1998): Characterization of predominant reductants in an anaerobic leachate-contaminated aquifer by nitroaromatic probe compounds. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32 (1): 23-31.

Weissmahr, K. W., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (1998): Complex formation of soil minerals with nitroaromatic explosives and other p-acceptors. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62(2): 369-378.

Zipper, C., M. J.-F. Suter, et al. (1998): Changes in the enantiomeric ratio of (R)- to (S)-mecoprop indicate in situ biodegradation of this chiral herbicide in a polluted aquifer. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32 (14): 2070-2076.

1997

Arnold, C., A. Weidenhaupt, et al. (1997): Aqueous speciation and 1-octanol-water partitioning of tributyl- and triphenyltin: Effect of pH and ion composition. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31 (9): 2596-2602.

Hofer, M., W. Aeschbach-Hertig, et al. (1997): Tracers as essential tools for the investigation of physical and chemical processes in groundwater systems. Chimia 51 (12): 941-946.

Klausen, J., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (1997): Oxidation of substituted anilines by aqueous MnO2: effect of co-solutes on initial- and quasi steady state kinetics. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31 (9): 2642-2649.

Sigg, L., K.-U. Goss, et al. (1997): Sorption phenomena at environmental solid surfaces. Chimia 51(12): 893-899.

Weidenhaupt, A., C. Arnold, et al. (1997): Sorption of organotin biocides to mineral surfaces. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31(9): 2603-2609.

Weissmahr, K. W., S. B. Haderlein, et al. (1997): In situ spectroscopic investigations of adsorption mechanisms of nitroaromatic compounds at clay minerals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31(1): 240-247.

1996 and older

Haderlein, S. B., K. W. Weissmahr, et al. (1996): Specific adsorption of nitroaromatic explosives and pesticides to clay minerals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 30 (2): 612-622.

Klausen, J., S. P. Tröber, et al. (1995): Reduction of substituted nitrobenzenes by Fe(II) in aqueous mineral suspensions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29 (9): 2396-2404.

Haderlein, S. B. and R. P. Schwarzenbach (1993): Adsorption of substituted nitrobenzenes and nitrophenols to mineral surfaces. Environ. Sci. Technol. 27 (2): 316-26.

Haderlein, S. B. and K. Pecher (1988): Mobility of chlorofluorocarbons in deposits of shredder wastes from plastic and shredder utilizing industries. Water Air Soil Poll. 37: 459-464.