Urgeschichte und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie

Eleonora Gargani


Abteilung Ältere Urgeschichte und Quartärökologie

Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters
Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen
Burgsteige 11, Schloss Hohentübingen
D-72070 Tübingen

Email: eleonora.garganispam prevention@mnf.uni-tuebingen.de

Research project

The Swabian Jura (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) and particularly the Ach and Lone Valleys, contains cave sites with a rich archaeological record referred to Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. Although the scientific research started during the last century, it is only over the last decades that annual archaeological campaigns with multidisciplinary approach aimed at investigating the cave sites through modern application, regarding excavations methods as well as theoretical issues.

Among the archaeological record, organic tools in bone, antler and ivory are frequently recovered, regardless the occupation phase of the sites. In 2007, Barth concluded the analyses on the Gravettian organic tools assemblages, by highlighting how some of the cave sites representing the region have been characterized by a contemporaneous human frequentation; it is demonstrated that one or several human groups inhabited the caves and left hints of shared material culture and technological skills. Besides, the research shed a light on the complementary use of the caves in terms of Chaine Opératoire, as some sites hint at processing of raw material with a low percentage of finished tools, whereas others are mostly characterized by finished artifacts and, conversely, a lack in intermediate products (i.e. matrix blank, preforms). The resulting framework finds reliable comparison with parallel refitting studies conducted on lithic assemblages from the same layers and cave sites.               
The present thesis project aims at the investigation of more recent Magdalenian layers from Hohle Fels, Brillenhöhle, Geißenklosterle (from the Ach Valley), Vogelherd and Langmahdhalde (from the Lone Valley). The goal is to assess the presence of a shared tradition in organic tools technology and common subsistence strategies concerning the exploitation of primary resources involved in the manufacturing. This will involve the contribution of zoo-archaeological research in terms of available resources, in order to interpret the resulting data with a technological and economical approach. Furthermore, a use-wear analysis is programmed for the understanding of past activities in which the tools have been involved, increasing the possibility to reconstruct the past human behavior and economy in the Swabian Jura during the late Upper Paleolithic.

Academic studies

Since March 2019

Doctoral studies at the Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen.       
Supervisors: Prof. Nicholas J. Conard and Prof. Britt Starkovich

October 2017 to January 2018

Erasmus Traineeship at Université Paris Nanterre, MAE Maison Max Weber, Nanterre.       
Supervisor: Dr. Éva David

September 2017

Master degree in Quaternary and Prehistory Erasmus Mundus program, Tautavel, France. Università degli Studi di Ferrara (Thesis title: Techno-functional analysis of bone and antler industry from Farneto (Bologna, Italy) and Sa Osa (Oristano,Italy) archaeological sites).

March-April 2017

Apheleia international seminar, Session II, Education, training, and communication in the cultural management of landscapes, Maçao, Portugal.

March-June 2016

Erasmus mobility at Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris

January 2015

Bachelor degree in Archaeological Sciences at Università degli Studi di Roma la Sapienza, Rome , Italy (thesis title: Columbellae rusticae and other marine shells from Grotta di Pozzo (AQ, Italy)).
Supervisor: Prof. Margherita Mussi.


Papers, Posters and presentations

Excavations and fieldworks