Uni-Tübingen

Annette Schramm

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin (Doktorandin)

Teilprojekt F07: Die Bedrohung lokaler Ordnungen durch "Land Grabbing": Globale Zivilgesellschaft und völkerrechtlicher Kontext als Fluch oder Segen?

 

   
Dienstadresse: Keplerstraße 2
72074 Tübingen
Raum: 086
Telefon: 07071 29 77543
E-Mail: annette.schrammspam prevention@uni-tuebingen.de

Beruflicher Werdegang

  • bis September 2013: Studium der Politikwissenschaft mit Schwerpunkt Friedens- und Konfliktforschung an den Universitäten Würzburg, Tübingen und Yale
  • 2013-2015: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Politikwissenschaft der Universität Tübingen im Arbeitsbereich Internationale Beziehungen/Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
  • seit 2015: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Sonderforschungsbereich 923 „Bedrohte Ordnungen“ im Teilprojekt F07 „Die Bedrohung lokaler Ordnungen durch “Land Grabbing”: Globale Zivilgesellschaft und völkerrechtlicher Kontext als Fluch oder Segen?“

Forschungsschwerpunkte / wissenschaftliche Interessensgebiete

  • Konflikte um Land- und Ressourcennutzung
  • Konfliktlösungsansätze, Verhandlungen und Mediation
  • Partizipation und Normbildung in Global Governance

Forschungsprojekt im Rahmen des SFB 923

Thema: Legal mobilization in large-scale land deals – chances and challenges for local communities in Sierra Leone and the Philippines

Abstract: The dissertation focuses on foreign large-scale land investments and the possibilities local communities have to protect their interests through legal means. Foreign large-scale land investments have been on the rise globally since 2007/2008 and have received considerable attention from civil society organizations, international organizations as well as academics. Critics often refer to the deals as ‘land grabbing’ and point out numerous detrimental effects for local communities. Proponents of these investments and host governments emphasize the potential for job creation and economic development. However, both sides agree that lease agreements have to be set up in a fair and legal manner in order to benefit local communities, who usually give up one central element of their daily livelihoods – land. Despite this agreement, there are broadly speaking two approaches to regulation: A market-based approach, which focuses on voluntary principles and self-commitments of companies on the one hand; and a rights-based approach, which demands binding and enforceable regulation, on the other hand. Most of this debate is based on ideological or normative assumptions. What is so far missing is systematic empirical evidence and a conceptualization of how local actors can use voluntary principles or hard law when faced with foreign investors. The dissertation addresses these gaps by developing its own framework and applying it to empirical cases from Sierra Leone and the Philippines. In doing so, the dissertation makes a more fine-grained but theoretically and empirically grounded, three-fold argument: First, legal instruments in themselves do not change the situation of local actors, who need support networks to access and make use of them. Second, voluntary market-oriented instruments can help local actors in settings in which companies are receptive to these demands. Third, binding laws as suggested by rights-based approaches should be preferred, as they do not rely on the receptiveness of the company. In consequence, the findings of this dissertation underline the need for a human right to land in addition to providing legal support to local communities.

Publikationen

  • (2017): Who is the “real” farmer? Contestation in the Committee on World Food Security. Blogbeitrag im Ressources and Conflict Blog
  • (2017): Hält der Frieden in Sierra Leone? In: Wissenschaft und Frieden, 2017 (1), 48-50.
  • Mit Sändig, Jan (2016): Protest und Widerstand gegen Großinvestitionen im Globalen Süden, In: Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (ZeFKo) 5(2), 252-266.
  • mit Hasenclever, Andreas (2016): Do We Nee a World State? The Prospects of Multi-level Gobal Governance for the Organization of Peace in the 21st Century. In: Justenhoven, Heinz-Gerhard; O’Connell, Mary Ellen: Peace Through Law. Reflections on Pacem in Terris from Philosophy, Law, Theology, and Political Science, Baden-Baden, 143-168.
  • mit Hennings, Anne (2015): Wem gehört das Land? Landgrabbing aus afrikanischer Perspektive. Wissenschaft und Frieden, 2015 (1), 28–30.

Vorträge

  • 07.04.2018: Improving bargaining power: How local communities use legal measures vis-à-vis transnational agribusiness companies. Jahrestagung der International Studies Association (ISA). San Francisco, USA.
  • 20.03.2018: Legal Claim Making in Large-Scale Land Based Investments – Does it Help Affected Communities? Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty. Washington DC, USA.
  • 05.10.2017: Representing affected communities: NGOs' Advocacy against Land Grabbing. Fünfte Offene IB-Sektionstagung der Deutschen Vereinigung für Politikwissenschaft (DVPW), Bremen.
  • 30.11.2016: Agricultural Policies in Peacebuilding: Perpetuating “Land Grabbing”? 26. Jahrestagung der International Peace Research Association (IPRA). Freetown, Sierra Leone.
  • 09.07.2016: A political ecology perspective on the analysis of large-scale land deals in post-conflict countries. International Conference on Political Ecologies of Conflict, Capitalism and Contestation (PE-3C), Wageningen, Niederlande.
  • 08.04.2016: Considering agriculture in post-war economies: the issue of large-scale land deals. 3rd European Workshops in International Studies of the European International Studies Association, Tübingen.
  • 18.03.2016: The transnational activist network against land grabbing – overcoming traditional fault lines in international cooperation. 57th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), Atlanta, USA.
  • 26.09.2015: Exploring the effects of land grabbing in complex conflict ecologies. 9th Pan-European Conference on International Relations of the European International Studies Association (EISA), Giardini Naxos, Sizilien.
  • 09.01.2015: Grab land for peace? Large‐scale land deals in Mindanao. Workshop „Contested Nature – Conflicts on Large‐Scale Land and Resource Deals” des Arbeitskreises Natur- und Ressourcen Konflikt der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konflikforschung (AfK) an der FU Berlin.

Tagungen, Workshops, Konferenzen

  • 17.-18.11.2017 International Conference: Empowering the Most Affected: A New Paradigm in Global Governance and International Law? im Rahmen des Forschungsprojekts F07 des Sonderforschungsbereichs 923, Universität Tübingen
  • 02.06.2016: Workshop on Social Movements (with Hank Johnston, San Diego State University) im Rahmen des Sonderforschungsbereichs 923, Universität Tübingen.
  • 27.-29.11.2015: Protest over Investment Projects in Land and Natural Resources. Workshop im Rahmen des Arbeitskreises “Natur – Ressourcen – Konflikte” der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
  • 13.06.2015: Friedensforschungsstudiengänge – Mittler zwischen Forschung und Praxis? Tagung anlässlich des zehnjährigen Bestehens des DSF-geförderten Masterstudiengangs „Friedensforschung und Internationale Politik“ an der Universität Tübingen

Lehrveranstaltungen

  • Wintersemester 2013/2014: Seminar: Einführung in die Politikwissenschaft
  • Sommersemester 2014: Seminar: Einführung in die Internationalen Beziehungen
  • Wintersemester 2014/2015: Seminar: Einführung in die Politikwissenschaft
  • Sommersemester 2015: Seminar: Analyse von Bürgerkriegen (mit Prof. Hasenclever)
  • Wintersemester 2017/18 Seminar: German History and Politics (im Rahmen des Refugee Programms der Universität Tübingen)