Trade has connected distant regions throughout human history. It is hardly ever a simple exchange of material goods (raw materials, food, tools), but also involves the transfer of knowledge, practices and technologies (intangible resources). By looking at objects, archaeologists, geographers and anthropologists can understand the complexity of these exchange relationships. Thus, the following objects from the fields of economy, culture and food show the influence of trade on the development of social structures – and how the mobility of goods and people can be traced through time.
Ur- und frühgeschichtliche Siedlungsdynamiken zwischen Gunst- und Ungunsträumen in Südwestdeutschland. Landschaftsarchäologische Untersuchungen zur Baar und den angrenzenden Naturräumen des Schwarzwaldes und der Schwäbischen Alb by Jan Johannes Miera:
Die Untersuchung von Mensch-Umwelt-Beziehungen gehört zu den Schwerpunkten der siedlungs- und landschaftsarchäologischen Forschung. Ur- und frühgeschichtliche Siedlungsdynamiken zwischen Gunst- und Ungunsträumen werfen eine Reihe von Fragen hinsichtlich der auslösenden Faktoren für die Erschließung und Wahrnehmung bzw. Nutzung von Landschaften mit unterschiedlichen agrarwirtschaftlichen Voraussetzungen auf. Im Fokus der vorliegenden Arbeit stehen eine theoretische und methodische Auseinandersetzung mit diesem Themenkomplex innerhalb der deutschsprachigen Prähistorischen Archäologie sowie eine Untersuchung von ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Siedlungsdynamiken anhand eines Fallbeispiels aus dem südwestdeutschen Raum. Ausgehend von einer archäologischen Quellenkritik werden mittels Geographischer Informationssysteme (GIS) Veränderungen in der Landnutzung auf der Baar und in angrenzenden Naturräumen der Südostabdachung des Mittleren Schwarzwaldes sowie der Schwäbischen Alb erfasst und mit Erkenntnissen aus anderen Untersuchungsregionen diskutiert. Die Datenbasis umfasst 1826 Fundstellen aus der Zeit vom Paläolithikum bis zum Ende des Hochmittelalters und wird durch AMS-Radiokarbondatierungen von Holzkohleproben und OSL-Datierungen von Sedimentproben aus Kolluvien ergänzt. Die Synthese dieser archäologischen und bodenkundlichen Daten ermöglicht es, die wechselnde Erschließung und Konzeptualisierung der Baar, des Schwarzwaldes und der Schwäbischen Alb zu erfassen. Durch die Berücksichtigung von theoretischen Ansätzen aus der Anthropologie und Geographie werden alternative Perspektiven für den archäologischen Umgang mit Gunst- und Ungunsträumen aufgezeigt.
Burg - Adel - Landschaft
Burgen als landschaftsprägende Ressourcen im Mittelalter
|When||22. - 23. October 2020|
Prof. Dr. Sigrid Hirbodian, Prof. Dr. Rainer Schreg
Application possible until 19.10.2020 via email@example.com
When Spain colonized Latin America during the sixteenth century, Spanish missionaries employed various strategies to convert indigenous inhabitants to the Catholic faith, including running schools, organizing choirs, and establishing charitable brotherhoods, known as confraternities.
In this book, Laura Dierksmeier investigates how the reformed Franciscans’ vocation to missionize Mexico gave rise to an extensive network of local confraternities and their respective care institutions. She shows how the Franciscan missionary instructions to promote the works of mercy as an embodiment of charity inspired the goals, governance, and operations of indigenous confraternities, their hospital and orphan care, as well as their contributions to the moral economy, for instance, through the release of debt prisoners and money lending to the poor.
Through an analysis of confraternity record books, lawsuits, last wills, missionary correspondence, and parish records, Dierksmeier argues that confraternities became an essential institution to assist the population during epidemics, to integrate the different indigenous classes from the former Aztec Empire, and to safe-guard indigenous self-governance within religious spheres.
Most notably, Franciscan-established confraternities built social structures where the poor could be not only recipients of assistance but also, through their voluntary participation, self-empowered agents of community care; charity was provided for and by the poor.
Press Release (29.07.2020)
What do 3000-year-old artefacts from the royal crypt at Qaṭna in Syria have in common with the thousand-year-old wall of Haithabu in northern Germany and the medieval castles of Staufeneck and Ramsberg in southern Germany? They all represent power. And they are all part of the exhibition “Symbols of Power - (In)visible Representation” at the virtual museum built by the ResourceCultures collaborative research center at the University of Tübingen. The museum opened in March and can be visited online.
The visitor can virtually stroll through three rooms, examining objects such as donut stones from Iran, ancient cisterns on Mediterranean islands, and Viking cats. Or you can click your way through the many projects in the collaborative research center’s depot. Following a timeline, you can explore projects from the Early Stone Age right up to the present day. These projects are being carried out by interdisciplinary researchers from the fields of archaeology, cultural anthropology, history and geoscience, and many more.
“We came up with the idea for the museum about two years ago,” says Professor Thomas Thiemeyer, who heads the museum’s project group. “We want to address the public as well as academics, outlining how our research works and how we analyze artefacts which may be thousands of years old; how we arrive at new information which is relevant to us today.” “It was a challenge to work with the more than 60 members of our collaborative research center in one joint project,” says research coordinator Dr. Sandra Teuber. She adds that the most impressive thing was that everyone made a contribution with ideas, photos, videos and texts - alongside their research work.
The 1070 ResourceCultures virtual museum lets people take a trip into the past from the comfort of their own homes - making it the ideal visitor’s tip for these times.
Exchange, Destruction, and a Transitioning Society. Interregional Exchange in the Southern Levant from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron I von Jesse Michael Millek.
The dissertation, which is also the 9th volume of the book series RessourcenKulturen, deals with the following:
The end of the Late Bronze Age ca. 1200 BC in the Eastern Mediterranean is traditionally viewed as an end point. Great empires collapsed, prominent cities were destroyed, interregional exchange disappeared, and writing systems were all but lost in most of the Eastern Mediterranean. The goal of this volume is to examine one key aspect of the transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron I in the Southern Levant, the development and changes in interregional exchange both over time and regionally.
Twelve non-local types of material culture were collected into a database in order to track the development of interregional exchange over the course of the LBA to the Iron I. With this data, this volume explores what affect, if any, did changes in interregional exchange have on the ‘collapse’ of the LBA societies in the Southern Levant. Another key aspect of this work is an examination of the supposed wave of destruction which took the Southern Levant by storm to see if these events might have affected trade and contributed to the transitions during the end of the LBA into the Iron I. In all this work seeks to understand what changes took place in interregional exchange, how might destruction have affected this, and was this the cause for the transition to the Iron I.
To ensure the broadest possible dissemination of the SFB's results, the volumes are not only available in printed form, but also as OpenAccess download.
The virtual museum is our way of showing you how we gain new insights through the analysis of material culture. Our museum is divided into three exciting rooms: the depot, where 21 subprojects are presented, the collection which explains what we do and how we work with individual objects from our research and changing exhibitions on current SFB research topics. The current exhibition deals with the topic: "Symbols of Power - (In)visible Representation".
Click on the picture or follow the link
On the Occasion of the 50th anniversary of its program ‚Collaborative Research Centers‘ the German Research Community DFG presented an article about it in its online magazine. Out of 260 Collaborative Research Centers in whole Germany they chose to present seven for being great examples of PR. Among them: the Collaborative Research Centre SFB 1070 ResourceCultures. We are very proud of that, because it shows that we are on the right track. Amongst the events our research centre had carried out they named especially three: The exhibition ‚Curse and Blessing of Resources‘ at the museum of the university at the castle of Tübingen wich took place from October 2016 until January 2017, Children’s University Tübingen, where kids could discover bronze age resources by playing and last years school project: ‚The world is our field‘. In this project our researchers and students were able to give pupils some insights into various subjects of Cultural Anthropology. Our Collaborative Research Centre SFB 1070 ResourceCultures is one out of seven at the University of Tübingen. We are funded by the German Research Community DFG since 2013. Researchers from different fields of Archaeology, Philology, the science of history, Cultural Anthropology and empirical Cultural Studies are working at a new understanding of the concept of resources. DFG is funding the staff, invests in scientific devices and finances field trips, symposia, guest lectures, international cooperations, PR, and programs concerning young researchers as well as gender equity. We congratulate the German Research Community DFG on this anniversary and we want to give our sincere thanks for allowing us at SFB 1070 ResourceCultures to do our research.