Resources and the Symbolic Dimensions of Cultures
The projects of division C. VALUATIONS are treating the aspect of value creation by resources.
The central topic of the studies will be about valuation, meaning and use of resources in different contexts. The different kinds, media and contents of cultural representations of resources and resource dynamics will be addressed and the social effectiveness of the symbolic dimension of resources will be discussed.
Additionally the projects will examine how reassessments, symbolisations and conversions account for the contextual change of meaning of resources, thus allowing different kinds of value creation.
Religious cultures during the Roman Empire and in Late Antiquity: religious resources between faith, society and power
Since the period of the Roman Empire, and especially in Late Antiquity, religion has proved to be a particularly important and identity-forming resource, not least because the spread and establishment of the Christian religion and the associated processes of Christianisation, which have to be differentiated locally. This has created new dynamics for existing religious and cult communities as well as for newly emerging ones. In one case study, the oracles of the period of the Roman Empire and from Late Antiquity (texts, spaces, things) and in a second case study the complex connection between religious, economic and political structures, especially in the province of Syria, will be examined as case studies of religious resource cultures.
Resources and the formation of societies, settlement areas and cultural identities of the Italian peninsula in the 1st millennium BC
The project uses the concept of resource as the basis for the formation and transformation of social groups in order to analyse the social and cultural identities of two settlement areas of the Italian peninsula of the 1st millennium B.C. in a way that is fundamentally new for the fields of research. Cultural contexts of the spaces of the Etruscan cities on the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Greek cities on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian Seas will be considered comparatively. The focus is on identity-building practices with monuments and objects in ritual or sacred contexts, but in social spaces of lower scale than those of the usual supposedly homogeneous state or ethnic units.
ResourcesCultures of rice and wheat in South and Central Asia: Religious and (agro-)economic dimensions of grain
The project aims to understand and compare the dynamics of religious resources in South and Central Asia. Based on the resource concepts and analytical instruments of the SFB 1070, an empirical and theoretical contribution to the topic 'Religious Economics' will be made. In the current phase, the focus is on the resource dynamics of religious (material) things, which are not only used by specific religious institutions and specialists, but are important religious resources for almost all people, belong to daily (survival) life and are determined by the interests of various actors (or stakeholders): rice and wheat.
Island economies – A comparative study on island societies in the Medieval and Early Modern Ages
The project deals with islands as distinct locations of resource cultures. The comparison between several islands with regard to their respective resource use illustrates the particularly emphasised importance of freshwater as a scarce resource. A historical case study will use the interpretation of Late Medieval and Early Modern island compendia (islarios) to examine the contemporary discourse on freshwater management as well as the technological, infrastructural and cultural changes in the use of water. The archaeological case study will focus on water supply and sanitation and the importance of water for monasteries on islands.
Health as an individual and collective resource: the Covid19 pandemic
The resource complex of health and body is the focus of this project, especially with regard to knowledge production and power imbalances. The resource complexes and structures grouped around the resource health are regarded as constellations of spatial planning and materialities, networks and exchange relationships, knowledge formations and coping strategies that need to be investigated. In the third funding phase, the resources of health and the body will be investigated in their socio-cultural dynamics in the context of public or collective.
Objects of the past and present as a resource. Cultural heritage - nationalism - identity
The project examines in particular the interplay of people, institutions, practices, objects, past political processes and media of knowledge transfer and shows how cultural heritage is created as a resource and part of larger resource complexes or resource structures. For this, three interrelated ethnographic studies on cultural heritage conflicts and uses in South Asia (Polit), Germany (Thiemeyer) and an exhibition on South India's cultural heritage in Stuttgart (Alex) will be conducted.