The graduate programme EVEREST offers doctoral students interdisciplinary education in evolution and ecology. It promotes the scientific independence of participating students, facilitates the acquisition of key qualifications for research and career planning, and enhances networking options within and beyond Tübingen. Supervision by individual Thesis Advisory Committees (TAC) and evaluation by an External Advisory Board guarantee the quality of training within EVEREST.
Publication: Reconstructed feeding niches of ancient canids
27 Jan 2020 ► During the Magdalenian, ca. 17,000 to 13,000 years ago, humans domesticated dogs in Germany and Switzerland. New research by Chris Baumann et al. (Quat. Sci. Rev.) uses a Bayesian framework on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes to characterise the trophic behavior and feeding strategies of Magdalenian canids. The authors found clearly distinctive trophic niches of dogs, wolves and foxes, but also the first evidence that foxes lived commensal to humans during this time period.
Publication: New insights on alligatorid evolution
27 Jan 2020 ► A new study by Tobias Massone et al (PeerJ) of a new Eocene Alligatoroid (Orientalosuchus naduongensis) from Na Duong (Vietnam) revealed a monophyletic Late Cretaceous to Paleogene, East to Southeastern Asian alligatoroid group (Orientalosuchina). This indicates at least two separate dispersal events from North America to Asia: one during the Late Cretaceous by Orientalosuchina, and one by the ancestor of Alligator sinensis during the Paleogene or Neogene.
Conference: Meeting StEvE 2019
02 Dec 2019 ► The yearly Meeting of Tübingen Students in Evolution and Ecology (Meeting StEvE) takes place this week Friday 06 Dec 2019. Please browse the meeting website for information on schedule and venue, and download the detailed meeting program including a guest Hilgendorf Lecture by Prof. Mike Bruford.
Defence: Abel Bosman
22 Nov 2019 ► Abel Bosman, EVEREST student in palaeoanthropology, has now defended his work on virtual reconstructions of cranial morphology in ancient humans. His researchhas been conducted within the framework of the DFG Center “Words Bones Genes Tools” and has generated papers in international journals. Congratulations!
PhD retreat: Report and pictures of the 2019 event
13 Nov 2019 ► Jun Hee Jung and Frank Reis provide a summary of this year's EVEREST PhD retreat into the Lone River valley with its famous excavation sites. Find details on the events webpage.
Conference: Etho2020 registration open
08.10.2019 ► Registration and abstract submission are now open for the 15th annual Meeting of the Ethological Society, held in Tübingen 18-21 February 2020. The meeting is jointly hosted by local researchers working in Zoology, Neuroethology, and Hominin evolution. Keynote speakers include Zanna Clay, Iain Couzin, Judith Korb and Ana Silva. Early bird registration closes 15 Jan 2020, abstract submission on 30 Nov 2019.
Defence: Anubhav Mohiley
29 Jul 2019 ► EVEREST PhD student Anubhav Mohiley (Plant Ecology group) has successfully defended his PhD project. Anu investigated how plants can adapt to soil contaminations with heavy metals, and ultimately even take advantage of their accumulation in plant tissue to benefit during interspecific competition. Congratulations!
Defence: Jessica Starke
25 Jul 2019 ► EVEREST PhD student Jessica Starke (Earth Systems Dynamics group) has now successfully defended her PhD project. Jessica used cosomogenic radionuclides to reconstruct and quantify surface processes such as denudation rates along climatic and topographic gradients in South America. Congratulations!
Publication: Osteological variation in salamanders
09 July 2019 ► Descriptions of both the within- and between-species variation in external morphology is key to modern systematics. However, the degree to which this variation is linked to internal features - such as bone morphology in vertebrates - is much less understand. PhD student Peter Pogoda and colleagues (Zool. Anz.) used µCT-scans to reveal that osteological characters strikingly differ in the degree of intraspecific variation in a basal salamandrid salamander.
Third EVEREST BBQ
08 July 2019 ► More than 30 PhD students and faculty participated in the recent EVEREST BBQ, this year hosted by the Plant Ecology group on their 'experimental gardens' at the Heuberger Torweg.
A warm thank you to Angela Gürtel and all her supporters for organizing this relaxed event, and Katja Tielbörger for hosting us!
Regulations: New Key Principles and Bylaws for EVEREST
26 June 2019 ► The PhD commission of the Science Faculty has now approved the new EVEREST regulations as manifested in our Key Principles to regulate the general structure of our graduate program. In parallel, the EVEREST steering committee has also updated our Bylaws, which specify "every-day business" in the program. Both documents are available on our EVEREST info pages.
Publication: Chimpanzees spontaneously dig out food
22 May 2019 ► Tool use is one of the key innovations that initated the success of early hominin lineages, but its evolutionary origin remains poorled understood. New research by EVEREST PhD student Albo Motes Rodrigo (PLoS One, Primates) now shows that chimpanzees spontaneously use a repertoire of tools use behaviors to excavate for buried food without needing demonstrations. This behavior, also performed by early hominins, had never been directly observed before, so the study provides the first analysis of this behavioral form using direct evidence.
Award: Image Competition of BMC Ecology
26 March 2019 ► EVEREST PhD student Matteo Santon has been awarded runner up in the 2018 image competition of BMC Ecology. His image - "Hungry dugongs have no table manners" - shows a Red Sea sea cow and its pilot fish foraging in one of the few remaining large sea-grass patches near Marsa Alam (Egypt).
Defence: Matteo Santon
22 Feb 2019 ► EVEREST PhD student Matteo Santon (Animal Evolutionary Ecology group) has now successfully defended his PhD project on "Visual detection of a cryptic predator by its prey fish". Matteo used controlled field experiments combined with visual models to explore the conditions under which so called 'ocular sparks" can enhance vision in the context of predator detection. Part of his work as already been published (J. Vision, Scientific Reports). Congratulations!
Symposium: Research in Museums
20 Feb 2019 ► This year's “Research in Museums Mini-Symposium” will be held at the Paleontological collection of the Uni Tübingen on Mon/Tue 25/26 March 2019. The meeting focuses on the study of form-to-function relationships using museum specimens representing living and extinct species, with a particular taxonomic focus on terrestrial vertebrates. Please find details in the meeting program. Registration is informal via e-mail.
Publication: Visual contrast sensitivity in a benthic fish
04.02.2019 ► Spatial resolution is a key property of eyes when it comes to understanding how animals perceive visual signals. In the current paper (J. Vision), Matteo Santon et al. describe the contrast sensitivity function of a small, benthic marine triplefin fish, using an optokinetic reflex approach. Compared to other fish, the authors conclude that such reflex seems to be adapted to process low spatial frequency information from stimuli in the peripheral visual field and show that small marine fish can feature excellent contrast sensitivity at optimal spatial frequency.
Defence: Åshild Vågene
13 Dec 2018 ► Åshild Vågene now defended her PhD in Palaeogenetics entitled Genomic Insights into Pre- and Post-Contact Human Pathogens in the New World. Åshild documented the rise of tuberculosis in South America before European settlement, and identified the pathogen causing a major disease outbreak in Mexico during the 16th century. Congratulations to an excellent work!
Conference: Meeting StEvE 2018 a great success
11 Dec 2018 ► The Tübingen Meeting of Students in Evolution and Ecology (Meeting StEvE) 2018 has taken place on 23 Nov. With approx. 90 participants, a highly diverse program of oral and poster presentations spanning the fully range of evolutionary research in Tübingen, a remarkable Hilgendorf lecture on the human ancient past, and an excellent networking evening event, this event has once more been a great success. Thank you to the organisers from the Paleoanthroplogy group!
PhD defence: Eleanor Gibson-Forty
19 Nov 2018 ► Eleanor Gibson-Forty has successfully defended her PhD project on 'Intraspecific variation in plant-animal interactions of the Brassicaceae family along a steep rainfall gradient in the Eastern Mediterranean Basin'.
Publication: New evidence for male mate choice based on visual cues
16 Nov 2018 ► Male (vs. female) mate choice remains an understudied phenomenon. Using mate preference trials, EVEREST student Deike Lüdtke and Katharina Foerster from the Comparative Zoology group found that male Alpine newts, Ichthyosaura alpestris, spend more time courting colourful, large females as well as less colourful but responsive females (Animal Behaviour). These findings stress the need to consider multiple cues and female compensation mechanisms when investigating male mate choice.
Publication: No support for the "dangerous life" stereotype in Neanderthals
15 Nov 2018 ► Using a quantitative meta-analysis, EVEREST student Judith Beier and co-workers from Paleoanthropology and Animal Evolutionary Ecology refute the previous hypothesis that Neanderthals, compared to Upper Paleolithic modern humans, experienced more traumatic cranial injuries (Nature). The view that violent social interactions and close-range hunting characterised an exceptionally harsh Neanderthal lifestyle thus needs reconsideration. > Uni Tübingen press release
PhD retreat: Report and pictures of the 2018 event
15 Nov 2018 ► Laura Limmer and Nina von Schepdael provide a summary of this year's EVEREST PhD retreat into the northern Vosges mountain range. Find details on the events webpage.
Publication: Precision, not brute force in Neanderthals hand use
28 Sep 2018 ► Using a novel 3D method to precisely analyzing manual muscle attachments, EVEREST alumni Alexandros Karakostis and coworkers now provide evidence of habitual precision grasping in Neanderthal hand bones (Science Advances). Rejecting the previous hypothesis that Neanderthal daily activities relied mainly on brute grip force, these findings agree with recent archaeological indications that indicate a more complex Neanderthal culture than held for long. Check out the video from Science magazine that nicely illustrates these new finds!
Publication: Osteological basis for sexual size dimorphism SSD
10 Sep 2018 ► While SSD is typically studied on external morphology only, EVEREST PhD student Peter Pogoda established novel osteologcial methods based on high-resolution micro Computer Tomography to seek the origin of sexual dimorphism in a terrestrial salamander. His comprehensive multivariate analysis (J. Morphol.) may help us understand the evolution of male and female morphology in a phylogenetic context.