Prof. Nicholas J. Conard, Dr. Saman Heydari-Guran
The Tübingen-Iranian Stone Age Research Project (TISARP) was established in Summer 2004. Until now the team conducted several research projects in different parts of Iran including Central Plateau and Southern Zagros Mountains.
The TISARP project tries to achieve to the following goals:
- Paleolithic landscape of Iran, a geoecological approach for hunter-gatherer settlement system, and predictive models.
- Determining the sequence and cultural affinities during Lower and Middle Paleolithic in Iran.
- Late Paleolithic occupations and cultural traditions in southwestern Zagros Mountains Iran and Central Plateau.
- Neolithization and spread of agriculture in the Zagros Mountains of Iran; new researches in the Kazerun and Marvdasht, Fars Province; southwestern Iran.
The focus of the TISARP team in Central Plateau was on three regions of Zavyeh, Holabad and Qaleh Gusheh.
South of the village of Zavyeh in Zarand Basin, 80km southwest of Tehran, a semi-consolidated mudstones formed under semi-arid conditions in an ancient shallow lake system. In some areas of the Zavyeh palustrian systems, as much as 20m of sediments have been exposed by tectonic uplift. The lithic artifacts from Zavyeh offer potential for dating the deposits at Zavyeh and are important for helping to reconstruct the settlement history of this part of central Iran.
The Dasht-e Rostam (Rostam Plain) with elevations between 850-790 meters a.s.l. is located in the northwestern part of the Fars Province, and is bounded on all sides by limestone mountains that rise as much as 700 meters above the plain. This basin is divided into eastern and western plains, which are connected with the Yagheh Sangar pass. During 4 seasons of Dasht-e Rostam, TISARP team located 121 sites mainly caves and rockshelters presenting Lower to the Late Paleolithic periods.