The skeleton of the sand dollar as a biological model for segmented shells in building construction

Subproject A07 of the SFB / TRR 141

Collaborative Research Center SFB-TRR 141

Biological Design and Integrative Structures –

Analysis, Simulation and Implementation in Architecture



Grun. T.B. & Nebelsick, J.H. 2018: Micro-morphological and structural design analysis of the minute clypeasteroid echinoid Echinocyamus pusillus. Royal Society Open Science. 5:171323.

Grun. T.B. & Nebelsick, J.H. 2018: Structural design of the echinoid´s tracebcular system.

Grun, T.B. & Nebelsick, J.H. 2018: Data from: Structural design of the minute clypeasteroid echinoid Echinocyamus pusillus Journal: Royal Society Open Science Provisional DOI: doi:10.5061/dryad.rg54h Data files: gg-al-1_73.

Grun, T.B., Mancosu, A., Belaústegui, Z. & Nebelsick, J.H. 2018: Clypeaster Taphonomy: a paleontological tool to identify stable structures in natural shell systems. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen. 288/2. 189-202. DOI: 10.1127/njgpa/2018/0737.

Grun, T.B., von Scheven, M., Bischoff, M. & Nebelsick, J.H. 2018: Structural stress response of segmented natural shells: a numerical case study on the clypeasteroid echinoid Echinocyamus pusillus. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 15: 20180164.

Grun, T.B., von Scheven, M., Sonntag, D., Schwinn, T., Nebelsick. J.H., Bischoff, M., Knippers, J., Menges, A. (2017). Bauprinzipien und Strukturdesign von Seeigeln. In Biologie beflügelt Architektur, Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde C, 82, 82-93.