Paläoanthropologie

Karakostis, Alexandros-Fotios

Function: Junior Research Group Leader

Address:
Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen
Institut für Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie, Abt. Paläoanthropologie
Rümelinstr. 23
D-72070 Tübingen

Office: Room 604, Hauptbäude, 3. OG
Tel.: +49-(0)7071-29-74070
E-Mail: alexandros.karakostisspam prevention@uni-tuebingen.de

Consulting hours:
by arrangement



Academic Positions

2021 - 2025
Junior Research Group Leader (DFG Center “Words, Bones, Genes, Tools”)

2018 - 2021
Post-Doctoral researcher (Paleoanthropology, Tübingen)

Education

2015 - 2018
PH.D. degree in Paleoanthropology

(Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen) Thesis Topic: “Investigating the effect of manual physical activity on the form of human hand entheses” (grade: 1.0)

2013 - 2015
Master Degree

International Joint Master Degree in Quaternary and Prehistory (University of Rovira i Virgili, Spain & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France). (final grade: 9.12 / 10, Distinction) Thesis Topic: “Morphometric analysis of entheseal surfaces in metacarpals, proximal hand phalanges and pollical distal phalanges from modern human populations” (grade: 10/10)

2008 - 2013
Bachelor Degree

BA in Archaeology and History of Art, with honors (University of Athens, Greece)

Project funding

2020 - 2024
Tobler-Stiftung

2019 - 2021
Fond zur Förderung von Lehre und Forschung

2019
Tobler-Stiftung

2019
SYNTHESYS+ grant

2017 - 2018
Leventis Foundation

2016 - 2017
Leventis Foundation

2015 - 2016
German Academic Exchange Service (D.A.A.D.)

2015
Excellence Award by the University of Rovira I Virgili

2014 - 2015
Onassis Foundation

2013 - 2014
Leventis Foundation

2013 - 2015
Erasmus Mundus full scholarship (2 years) for the International Master in Quaternary and Prehistory

Awarded by the European Commission: 1st ranked position across categories

2011
European Internship Program “NSFR-OPELL”

at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig, Germany), Department of Human Evolution


Peer-reviewed publications

Under review Kunze, J., Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Merker, S., Peresani, M., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. Evidence for habitual tool use in early hominins. (Under Review)
  Anastopoulou, I., Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Harvati, K., Moraitis, K. Accurate and semi-automated reassociation of intermixed human skeletal remains recovered from bioarchaeological and forensic contexts. (Under Review)
In press Dunmore, C.J., van Leeuwen, T., Karakostis, F. A., Szu-Ching, L., Profitt, T. Tool use and the hand. In Book: Behavior in our Bones. In Press (book chapter).
Accepted  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Hotz, G., Harvati, K. Reconstructing the manual activities of a fully-documented individual of advanced age. Accepted Book chapter.
  Harvati, K., Grün, R., Duval, M., Zhao, J-X, Karakostis, F. A., Tourloukis, V., Gorgoulis, V., Kouloukoussa, M. (Accepted). Direct U-series dating of the Apidima C human remains. Accepted Book chapter
  Floss, H.; Bauer, C. C.; Frick, J. A., Hoyer, C.; Karakostis, F. A., Kunze, J.; Harvati, K. (Accepted, 2020): On humans and bears – suspected Neanderthal remains at Grottes de la Verpillière I & II in Germolles, Commune de Mellecey, France. In: H. Floss (ed.), Au carrefour desterritoires – Derniers Neanderthals et premiers Hommes modernes en Bourgogne méridionale, France. Accepted Book chapter.
2021 Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Harvati, K. 2021. New horizons in reconstructing past human behavior: Introducing the ‘Tübingen University Validated Entheses-based Reconstruction of Activity’ method. Evolutionary Anthropology. DOI : 10.1002/evan.21892
  Karakostis, F. A., Hauefle D., Anastopoulou, I., Moraitis, K., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. 2021. Biomechanics of the thumb and the evolution of human dexterity. Current Biology. DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2020.12.041
  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Buikstra J., Prevedorou E., Hannigan E.,…Widrick, K. J., Harvati, K. 2021. New insights into the manual activities of individuals from the Phaleron cemetery (Archaic Athens, Greece). Journal of Archaeological Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2021.105415
2020 Karakostis, F.A. (corresp.), Reyes-Centeno, H., Francken, M., Hotz, G., Rademaker, K., and Harvati, K. (2020). Bio-cultural evidence of precise manual activities in an Early Holocene individual of the high-altitude Peruvian Andes. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.24160.
  Anastopoulou, I., Karakostis, F. A., M., Moraitis, K. (2020) Regression-based analyses for reassociating human commingled remains of the upper limbs. Forensic Science International, 315 : 110439.
  Uhl, A., Karakostis, F. A., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. (2020) A cross-population study of sexual dimorphism in the bony labyrinth. Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
2019 Harvati, K., Röding, C., Bosman A., Karakostis F. A., Grün R., Stringer, C. et al. (2019). Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia. Nature, 571 : 500-504.
  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Jeffery, N. Harvati, K. (2019). Experimental proof that multivariate patterns among muscle attachments (entheses) can reflect repetitive muscle use. Nature Scientific Reports.
  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Wallace, I., Konow, I., Harvati, K. (2019). Experimental evidence that physical activity affects the multivariate associations among muscle attachments (entheses). Journal of Experimental Biology.
2018 Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. (2018). Evidence of precision grasping in Neandertal daily activities. Science Advances, 4: eaat2369.
  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Hotz, G., Scherf, H., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. (2018). A geometric morphometric approach to the analysis of hand entheseal three-dimensional form. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23421.
  Karakostis, F. A., Vlachodimitropoulos, D., Piagkou, M., Scherf, H., Harvati, K. (2018) Is bone elevation in hand muscle attachments associated with biomechanical stress? A histological approach to an anthropological question. The Anatomical Record, DOI: 10.1002/ar.23984.
  Anastopoulou, I., Karakostis, F. A., M., Moraitis, K. (2018). A reliable regression-based approach for reassociating human skeletal elements of the lower limbs from commingled assemblages. Journal of Forensic Sciences, DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13884.
2017 Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Hotz, G., Scherf, H., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. (2017). Occupational manual activity is reflected on the patterns among hand entheses. American journal of Physical Anthropology, 164, 30–40. 
  Karakostis, F. A., Lorenzo, C., Moraitis, K. (2017). Morphometric variation and ray allocation of human proximal hand phalanges. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 74, 269-281.  
  Anastopoulou, I., Karakostis, F. A., Borrini, M., Moraitis, K. (2017). A statistical method for reassociating human tali and calcanei from a commingled context. Journal of Forensic Sciences, DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029
  Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Velliky, E., Kandel, A. (2017). Sixth annual meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology, 26, 7-8. 
  Hotz, G., Doppler, S., Gamma, M.-L., Gysin, D., Haas, P., Helmig, G., Huber, L., Kramis, S., Karakostis, F. A., et al. (2017). Theo der Pfeifenraucher: Ein genealogisch‐naturwissenschaftliches Identifizierungsprojekt. Yearbook of the SSGS, 44, 29-61. 
  Hotz, G., Doppler, S., Gysin, D., Helmig G., Karakostis F. A., Kramis, S., Lopreno G. P., Roewer, L., Rothe, J., et al. (2017). Theo the pipe-smoker, an interdisciplinary approach. In: Madea B., Rosendahl, W. (Eds.). Archaeology and Forensics, pp. 65-71. 
2016 Karakostis, F. A. (corresp.), Lorenzo, C. (2016). Morphometric patterns among the 3D surface areas of human hand entheses. American journal of Physical Anthropology, 160, 694-707. 
2015 Karakostis, F. A., Le Quéré, E., Vanna V., Moraitis, K. (2015). Reconstructing physical activity and sexual distribution of labor in Hellenistic Demetrias, using osteometric data from proximal hand phalanges. HOMO- Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 67, 110-124. 
2015 Karakostis, F. A., Zorba, E., Moraitis, K. (2015). Sex determination using proximal hand phalanges. Papers of Anthropology, 24, 37-56. 
2014 Karakostis, F. A., Zorba, E., Moraitis, K. (2014). Osteometric sex determination using proximal foot phalanges from a documented human skeletal collection. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 71, 2014, 403-427. 
2013 Karakostis, F. A., Zorba, E., Moraitis, K. (2013). Sexual dimorphism of proximal hand phalanges. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 25, 733-742. 

 

Published conference proceedings

2020 Harvati, K., Roeding C., Bosman, AM, Karakostis, F. A., et al. (2020). New 3-D geometric morphometric and dating analyses of the Apidima fossil crania support early dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 171, 116.
  Karakostis, F. A., Reyes-Centeno, H., Francken, M., Rademaker, K., Harvati, K. (2020). Reconstructing manual physical activity in an early high-altitude Paleoindian settlement of the Peruvian Andes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 171, 137.
  Karakostis, F. A., Harvati, K. Interdisciplinary evidence of the effects of physical activity in the patterns of human hand entheses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 168, 119-120.
2018 Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. (2018). Neanderthals habitually performed precise manual activities. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, 7, p. 98.
  Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. New light into Neanderthal lifestyle : Elucidating the evolution of human behavior based on a uniquely documented skeletal sample. BSGA 24.
2017 Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Scherf, H., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. (2017). The patterns among human hand entheses are associated with occupational manual activities. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, 6, p. 100.
  Anastopoulou, I., Karakostis, F. A., Borrini, M., Moraitis, K. (2017). A statistical method for reassociating human tali and calcanei from a commingled context. Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 23, 72. 
2016 Karakostis, F. A., Lorenzo, C. (2016). Three-dimensional morphometric analysis of human hand entheses. Proceedings of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, 5, 131. 
2013 Karakostis, F. A., Moraitis, K. (2013). Microevolutionary trends on proximal hand phalanges. Proceedings of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, 2, 123. 
  Karakostis, F. A., Zorba, E., Moraitis, K. (2013). Study of sexual dimorphism in proximal hand phalanges. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Hellenic Association for Biological Sciences, 35, 138-139. 

 

Teaching experience

2016 - 2021

University of Tübingen: semester courses and seminars for BSc & MSc
- Evolution of Human Biology and Behavior  

- 3-D Imaging and Morphometrics 
- Special Osteology: Metrics, Statistics, and Epigenetics

- Human Anatomy – Soft Tissue         
- Reconstructing Physical Activity from Human Skeletal Remains  

- Forensic Anthropology
- Application of Statistics in Paleoanthropology (software packages used: r-cran, spss, past)

2019 - 2021 University of Thessaloniki & University of Komotini (Greece): lectures for MSc
Medical School of Athens (Greece): lectures and seminar for BSc
- Physical Anthropology 
- Introduction to 3-D Geometric Morphometrics

 

Laboratory and fieldwork

2020 - present Biomechanical modeling of grasping movements, based on fossil hand skeletons (Paleoanthropology group & Center for Integrative Neuroscience, Tübingen, Germany) 
2016 - present Development, validation, and application of the method “Validated Entheses-based Reconstruction of Activity” (V.E.R.A.): 3D scanning of bioarchaeological remains in various institutions worldwide.
2011 - present Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology (Medical School of the University of Athens)
2014 Laboratory of Human Osteology (University of the Philippines Diliman, Manila)
2010 - 2012 Laboratory of Environmental Archaeology of the University of Athens
2010 - present Archaeological excavations, surveys, and excavated material reports or analyses
Panay Island (Central Philippines), Survey and excavation in different cave sites; Zakynthos (North-Western Greece), Middle Paleolithic Archaeological Project; Athens (Central Greece), Classical era excavations; Melitzia (Southern Greece), Upper-Paleolithic excavation cave site; Kalamas (North-Western Greece), Neolithic and Paleolithic Archaeological Field Research; Dispilio (Northern Greece), Neolithic Lakeshore excavation site; Demetrias (Thessaly): Hellenistic cemetery; Spileo Evrippidi (Central Greece): Bronze age cave-sit; Phaleron (Central Greece): Classical-age cemetery.

 

Presentations at professional meetings

2020 KARAKOSTIS F.A., Harvati, K. (2020). A novel and validated avenue for behavioral reconstructions in the fossil record: a critical presentation of new interdisciplinary evidence. Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Virtual, September 2020 (recorded podium).
2019 KARAKOSTIS F.A., Jeffery, N., Harvati, K. (2019). Original experimental support for the effects of physical activity on the multivariate patterns among entheses. Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Leiden, September 2019 (poster).
2019 Anastopoulou I., KARAKOSTIS F.A., Moraitis, K. (2019). Application of linear regression for development metric methods for sorting skeletal remains from commingled contexts of medicolegal interest. Annual Symposium for Medicolegal Sciences, Heraklion, September 2019 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., Harvati, K. (2019). Neanderthals habitually performed precise manual activities. Annual Conference of the American Association of Physical Anthropology (AAPA), Cleveland, March 2019 (symposium poster).
2018 KARAKOSTIS F.A., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. (2018). Neanderthals habitually performed precise manual activities. Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Leiden, September 2018 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., Hotz, G., Scherf, H., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. “A novel method for reconstructing habitual manual activity based on human hand muscle attachments”, Annual Meeting of the American Paleoanthropology Society, Austin (USA), April 2018 (podium).
2017 KARAKOSTIS F.A. “A new and precise 3D method for reconstructing habitual manual activities using hand muscle attachments”, Invited Public Talk at the City University of New York, New York (USA), November 2017 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A. “Do hand bones reflect occupational activities?”, Invited Public Talk at the Natural History Museum of Basel, Basel, November 2017 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., GERHARD H., SCHERF, H., WAHL J., HARVATI, K., “Reconstructing occupational activity using manual muscle attachments from an extensively documented sample”, Annual Conference of the Swiss Anthropological Society, Zurich, November 2017 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., MORAITIS, K., VLACHODIMITROPOULOS, D., PIAGKOU, M., SCHERF, H., HARVATI, K., “Αssessing the effect of biomechanical stress on hand entheseal morphology: A histological approach”, Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Liverpool, September 2017 (poster).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., GERHARD H., SCHERF, H., WAHL J., HARVATI, K., “The patterns among human hand entheses are associated with occupational manual activities”, Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Leiden, September 2017 (poster).
  ANASTOPOULOU I., KARAKOSTIS F.A., BORRINI, M., MORAITIS K., “A statistical method for reassociating human tali and calcanei from a commingled context”, Annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Orleans, February 2017 (poster).
2016 KARAKOSTIS F.A., MORAITIS K., “Three-dimensional morphometric analysis of human hand entheses”, Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Madrid, September 2016 (podium).
2015 KARAKOSTIS F.A., "Factors affecting sexual dimorphism in human proximal hand phalanges of various modern populations"”, The Anthropology of Hands, University of Kent, June 2015 (poster).
2014 KARAKOSTIS F.A., “Sexual dimorphism and sex diagnosis in proximal hand phalanges of different populations”, Public talk at the University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, May 2014 (podium).
  ΚΑΡΑΚΩΣΤΗΣ Φ.Α., “Αφήγηση μιάς Εξέλιξης: Η Φυσική Ανθρωπολογία στην Ελλάδα από το 1884 εώς τις απαρχές του 21ου αιώνα”, Γ. ΚΟΥΡΤΕΣΗ-ΦΙΛΙΠΠΑΚΗ (org.), Ημερίδα: “Πού αρχίζει το παρελθόν μας;”, University of Athens, February 2014 (podium).
2013 KARAKOSTIS F.A., MORAITIS K., “Microevolutionary Trends on Proximal Hand Phalanges”, Annual Conference of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution, Vienna, September 2013 (poster).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., Zorba E., Moraitis K., “Study of sexual dimorphism in proximal hand phalanges”, 35th Scientific Conference of Hellenic Association for Biological Sciences, Nafplio, May 2013 (podium).
  KARAKOSTIS F.A., “The evolution of the neurocranium and the hands, in relation to lithic tools, in the genus Homo”, Annual Conference of Graduate Archaeologists in Oxford (GAO), University of Oxford, March 2013 (poster).