Cognitive Modeling

December 2019

Our research on DISTANA - a prototype for a next-generation weather forecasting system - is shaping up... beating all state-of-the-art deep learning approaches on -- still rather simple -- spatiotemporal time series prediction tasks. Watch our lastest YouTube video!


1st GK Doctoral Symposium on Cognitive Science

Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Germany

23 - 24 January 2020

More information


September 2019

Best paper award at ICANN 2019 in Munich for our paper

S. Otte, P. Rubisch, and M. V. Butz: Gradient-Based Learning of Compositional Dynamics with Modular RNNs, in Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning – ICANN 2019, September 2019, pp. 484–496.


June 2019

Learning, planning, and control in a monolithic neural event inference

Butz, M., Bilkey, D., Humaidan, D., Knott, A., & Otte, S.: Learning, planning, and control in a monolithic neural event inference architecture. Neural Networks, Vol. 117, September 2019, 135-144.


April 2019

Hands Ahead in Mind and Motion: Active Inference in Peripersonal Hand Space

Lohmann, J., Belardinelli, A., Butz, M. V.: Hands ahead in mind and motion: Active inference in Peripersonal Hand Space. Vision 2019, 3(2), 15


Februar 2019

Brain Control

KI ohne neuronales Netz


November 2018

16.11. & 17.11.2018 – University of Tübingen, Germany

International Workshop at the RTG 1808:

Ambiguity as (Information) Gaps: Processes of Creation and Resolution

The program


May 2018

Congratulations, Fabian Schrodt!

Our former PhD student Fabian Schrodt obtained his PhD successfully.


How Deep Is Your SNAC?

Lohmann, J., Schroeder, Ph. A., Nuerk, H.-Chr., Butz, M. V. (2018): How Deep Is Your SNAC? Front. Psychol. 01 May 2018

March 2018

Mental space maps into the future

Belardinelli, A., Lohmann, J., Farnè, A., & Butz, M. V. (2018): Mental space maps into the future. Cognition, Vol. 176, July 2018, pages 65-73

January 2018

Post-Doc Position Available: Cognitive Modeling, Ambiguity & Humanities

December 2017

Game and Research - BrainControl is available!

A first version of our new, interactive game-AI concept is available online.

Watch the trailer on our YouTube channel.

Try it out, have fun, and use your imagination :-)

Merry Christmas, Happy Holidays, and all the best for 2018!

October 2017

Training Computational Thinking: Game-Based Unplugged and Plugged-in Activities in Primary School

Tsarava, K., Moeller, K., Pinkwart, N., Butz, M. V., Trautwein, U., & Ninaus, M. (2017). Training Computational Thinking: Game-Based Unplugged and Plugged-in Activities in Primary School. 11th European Conference on Game-Based Learning, ECGBL 2017, 687.

September 2017

Which structures are out there?

Butz, M. V. (2017). Which structures are out there? Learning predictive compositional concepts based on social sensorimotor explorations. In T. Metzinger, & W. Wiese (Eds.), Philosophy and Predictive Processing: 8. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group. doi:10.15502/9783958573093

August 2017

CogSci 2017, London


Christian Gumbsch, Sebastian Otte, Martin Butz

A Computational Model for the Dynamical Learning of Event Taxonomies

Thomas Hinterecker, Caroline Leroy, Maximilian E. Kirschhock, Mintao Zhao, Martin Butz, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, Tobias Meilinger

Reference Systems in Spatial Memory for Vertical Locations


Anna Belardinelli, Johannes Lohmann, Martin Butz

Projecting space into the future: peripersonal space remaps in anticipation of an object manipulation


Wayne Gray, Ray Perez, Martin Butz, Stuart Reeves, Matthew Sangster, Tom Stafford, Fernand Gobet

Game-XP: Action Games as Cognitive Science Paradigms

Congratulations, Sebastian Otte!

Our former PhD student Sebastian Otte obtained his PhD successfully.

Please notice the following job offer:

PhD Positions on Optimizing Perception and Interaction with Augmented Reality at the University of Tübingen, Germany

July 2017

Congratulations, Johannes Lohmann!

Our former PhD student Johannes Lohmann obtained his PhD successfully.

June 2017

  1. The Cognitive Modeling team will be present at CogSci 2017 - presenting four posters and two talks - come by and talk to us!
  2. A first book review was published in the Journal of Perception on our book "How the Mind Comes Into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective", written by Heath E. Matheson.
  3. Lab director Martin Butz received the Feodor Lynen Research Fellowship from the Humboldt Foundation - and is thus from now on part of the international Humboldt Network.

May 2017

April 2017

Lost in space

Lohmann, J., & Butz, M. V. (2017). Lost in space: multisensory conflict yields adaptation in spatial representations across frames of reference. Cognitive Processing, (), 1-18. doi:10.1007/s10339-017-0798-5


Mario Becomes Cognitive

Schrodt, F., Kneissler, J., Ehrenfeld, S., & Butz, M. V. (2017). Mario Becomes Cognitive. Topics in Cognitive Science, 9 (2), 1-31. doi:10.1111/tops.12252

January 2017

Have a look at our new book:

Martin V. Butz and Esther. F. Kutter

How the mind comes into being

Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Oxford University Press, 2017

ISBN 978-0-19-873969-2

In Touch with Mental Rotation

Lohmann, J., Rolke, B., & Butz, M. V. (2017). In Touch with Mental Rotation: Interactions between Mental and Tactile Rotations and Motor Responses. Experimental Brain Research. doi:10.1007/s00221-016-4861-8

December 2016

New article!

Kloss, A., Kappler, D., Lensch, H. P. A., Butz, M. V., Schaal, S., & Blog, J. (2016). Learning where to search using visual attention. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 5238-5245, doi: 10.1109/IROS.2016.7759770

October 2016

Neue Zürcher Zeitung: Ich denke, also mache ich Voraussagen

Predictive Coding

September 2016

Home Best Paper Awards!

Best Paper Award (Brain Products) 2016

Johannes Lohmann, Martin Butz:

Multisensory Conflict Yields Adaptation

in Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Space


Best Paper Award GK 2014-2016

Fabian Schrodt, Martin Butz:

Just Imagine! Learning to Emulate and Infer Actions

with a Stochastic Generative Architecture

June 2016

New article!

Butz, M. V. (2016). Towards a Unified Sub-Symbolic Computational Theory of Cognition. Front. Psychol.7:925. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00925

April 2016

The new publication is available online!

Belardinelli, A., Barabas, M., Himmelbach, M., & Butz, M. V. (2016). Anticipatory eye fixations reveal tool knowledge for tool interaction. Exp Brain Res, April 2016, Springer. doi: 10.1007/s00221-016-4646-0

March 2016

New paper is online!

Otte, S., Butz, M. V., Koryakin, D., Becker, F., Liwicki, M., & Zell, A. (2016):

Optimizing recurrent reservoirs with neuro-evolution.

Neurocomputing, Vol. 192, Juni 2016, 128 - 138. doi: 10.1016/j.neucom.2016.01.088

February 2016

TV coverage of our Social Mario AI Project.

Have a look!


The new publication is now available online

Schrodt, F., & Butz, M. V. (2016):

Just Imagine! Learning to Emulate and Infer Actions with a Stochastic Generative Architecture.

Front. Rob. AI 3:5. doi: 10.3389/frobt.2016.00005

January 2016

New article is published:

Belardinelli, A., Stepper, M. Y., & Butz, M. V. (2016):

It's in the eyes: Planning precise manual actions before execution.

Journal of Vision, January 2016, 18. doi 10.1167/16.1.18

October 2015

New article!

Schroeder, P. A., Lohmann, J., Butz, M. V., & Plewnia, C. (2015): Behavioral bias for food reflected in hand movements: A preliminary study with healty subjects. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.
Online Ahead of Print: November 12, 2015, doi: 10.1089/cyber.2015.0311

August 2015

New articles are published!

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2015). Planning grasps for object manipulation: integrating internal preferences and external constrains. Cognitive Processing. doi: 10.1007/s10339-015-0703-7

Butz, M. V., Geirhos, R., & Kneissler, J.: An Automatized Heider-Simmel Story Generation Tool. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2861

Belardinelli, A., & Butz, M. V. (2015). It’s all in the eye: multiple orders of motor planning in gaze control. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2851.

July 2015

New article is published:

Schrodt, F., Layher, G., Neumann, H., & Butz, M. V. (2015):

Embodied learning of a generative neural model for biological motion perception and inference.
Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience.
doi: 10.3389/fncom.2015.00079

May 2015

New article published:

Kneissler, J., Drugowitsch, J., Friston, K., & Butz, M. V. (2015):

December 2014

Congratulations, Andreas Alin!

Our former PhD student Andreas Alin obtained his PhD successfully.

Andreas, all the best to you - we'll miss you!


• New articles published:

Belardinelli, A., Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2014). Goal-oriented gaze strategies afforded by object interaction. Vision Research. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.11.003

Layher, G., Schrodt, F., Butz, M. V., & Neumann, H. (2014). Adaptive learning in a compartmental model of visual cortex - how feedback enables stable category learning and refinement. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01287

Kneissler, J., Stalph, P. O., Drugowitsch, J., & Butz, M. V. (2014). Filtering sensory information with XCSF: Improving learning robustness and robot arm control performance. Evolutionary Computation, 22, 139-158. doi: 10.1162/EVCO_a_00108

Proceedings of the 12th Biannual Meeting of the German Cognitive Science Society are online!

March 2014

• New articles published:

Herbort, O., Butz, M. V., & Kunde, W. (2014). The Contribution of Cognitive, Kinematik and Dynamic Factors to Anticipatory Grasp Selection. Experimental Brain Research. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-3489-5

Butz, M. V., Kutter, E., & Lorenz, C. (in press). Rubber Hand Illusion Affects Join Angle Perception, PLoS ONE, PONE-D-13-39143

A new book publication

Stalph, P. (2014). Analysis and Design of Machine Learning Techniques. Evolutionary Solutions for Regression, Prediction, and Control Problems. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

October 2013

• New article is published

Ehrenfeld, St., Herbort, O., Butz, M. V. (2013). Modular neuron-based body estimation: Maintaining consistency ofer different limbs, modalities, and frames of reference. Front. Comput. Neurosci 7, 148, doi: 10.3389/fncom.2013.00148

September 2013

• New article has been published

Martin V. Butz (2013): Separating goals from behavioral control: Implications from learning predictive modularizations. New Ideas in Psychology 31, 302-312, doi: 10j.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.04.001

July 2013

• Accepted for publication

Kneissler, J., & P. Stalph, J. Drugowitsch, M. Butz (2013): Filtering Sensory Information with XCSF: Improving Learning Robustness and Robot Arm Control Performance. Evolutionary Computation, doi:10.1162/EVCO_a_00108

• Congratulations!

Our colleague Patrick Stalph has gotten a PhD!

Pat, our congratulations! All the best!



January 2013

• New article has been published

Ehrenfeld, St., & Butz, M.V.

The modular modality frame model: continuous body state estimation and plausibility-weighted information fusion. Biological Cybernetics, 107 (1), 61-82. doi: 10.1007/s00422-012-0526-2

October 2012

• New article is published

O. Herbort & M. V. Butz

Too good to be true? Ideomotor theory from a computational perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 494. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00494

A. Belardinelli, A. Carbone & W. X. Schneider

"Classification of multiscale spatiotemporal energy features for video segmentation and dynamic objects prioritisation." Pattern Recognition Letters.


• KogWis 2o14

Die Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaften (GK) hat Martin Butz, Lehrstuhlinhaber der Kognitiven Modellierung an der Universität Tübingen, zum Ausrichter für die KogWis 2014 gewählt. Die 12. Fachtagung der GK wird vom 29. September bis 2. Oktober 2014 in Tübingen stattfinden. Die Universität Tübingen freut sich, etwa 200 Wissenschaftler aus der Kognitiven Psychologie, der Künstlichen Intelligenz, der Linguistik, den Neurowissenschaften, der Philosophie und der Anthropologie empfangen zu dürfen.

• KogWis 2014

The biannual conference of the German Cognitive Science Society (GK) will take place from 29th until 2nd october 2014 at Tübingen, one of Europe’s oldest university cities. Martin Butz, full professor of the department Cognitive Modeling at the University of Tübingen, was elected to host the meeting.

• Fellowship

We are glad to inform that our staff member PHd (cand.) Stephan Ehrenfeld got a grant for 2 years from the German "Landesgraduiertenförderung Baden-Württemberg".

September 2012

• New article has been published

The article "Balanced echo state networks" (Danil Koryakin, Johannes Lohmann and Martin V. Butz) has now been published in Neural Networks: Volume 36 (2012), 35-45, doi: 10.1016/j.neunet.2012.08.008

• Paper ICANN 2012 has been published

Danil Koryakin and Martin V. Butz

"Reservoir sizes and feedback weights interact non-linearly in echo state networks."

August 2012

• New article has been published

The article "Modeling body state-dependent multisensory ingegration" (Martin V.. Butz, Anna Belardinelli and Stephan Ehrenfeld) has now been published in the following paginated issue of Cognitive Processing: Volume 13, Issue 1 (2012), Page 113-116.

July 2012

• Best Paper Award: GBML, GECCO 2012, Philadelphia, USA

Jan Kneissler, Patrick O. Stalph, Jan Drugowitsch, Martin V. Butz

"Filtering Sensory Information with XCSF: Improving Learning Robustness and Control Performance"

Patrick O. Stalph, Martin V. Butz

"Guided Evolution in XCSF"

• Paper has been accepted for presentation at the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2012, Portugal)

Martin V. Butz, Stephan Ehrenfeld

"Autonomous failure detection and multimodal sensor fusion in a modular arm model"

June 2012

• New article has been published

The article "Function approximation with LWPR and XCSF: a comparative study" has now been published in the issue of Evolutionary Intelligence: Volume 5, Issue 2 (2012), Page 103-116.

May 2012

• The new publications are now available online

The article "The continuous end-state comfort effect: weighted integration of multiple biases" (Oliver Herbort and Martin V. Butz) has now been published in the following paginated issue of Psychological Research: Volume 76, Issue 3 (2012), Page 345-363.

The article "Learning local linear Jacobians for flexible and adaptive robot arm control" (Patrick O. Stalph and Martin V. Butz) has now been published in the following paginated issue of Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines: Volume 13, Issue 2 (2012), Page 137-157

March 2012

• Paper has been accepted for presentation at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV/2012), Spain

Andreas Alin, Martin V. Butz, Jannik Fritsch

"Incorporating Environmental Knowledge into Bayesian Filtering using Attractor Functions"

• Accepted as full papers for GECCO 2012


Patrick O. Stalph & Martin V. Butz

"Guided Evolution in XCSF"

Jan Kneissler, Patrick O. Stalph, Jan Drugowitsch & Martin V. Butz

"Filtering Sensory Information with XCSF: Improving Learning Robustness and Control Performance"

• The new publication is now available online

Patrick O. Stalph, Xavier Llorà, David E. Goldberg, Martin V. Butz

"Resource management and scalability of the XCSF learning
classifier system"


• Cooptation in Psychology, University of Tuebingen

Martin V. Butz, full professor at the department of Computer Science, is now co-opted in both departments: Computer Science and Psychology (Faculty of Science).

• Meeting & Lunch - 6th March, 12.00 a.m., room C 424

Presentation of the chairs Computer Graphics (Prof. Hendrik Lensch), Cognitive Modeling (Prof. Martin Butz) and Media Informatics (Prof. Andreas Schilling).

Lecture - 8 of March, in the afternoon (after Brown Bag Lunch)

Lecture of Daniel Zöllner about his master's thesis: "Zur Philosophischen Rezeption Jean Gebsers". After that he will introduce the schedule of his planned dissertation: "Problems of Grounded Cognition: Grounding Concepts and Consciousness".

February 2012

• New staff

The chair of Cognitive Modeling got a new colleague. We are glad to welcome Dr. Anna Belardinelli in Tübingen (previously University of Bielefeld).

• Parental leave

Our colleague Dr. Jan Kneissler will be away from Cognitive Modeling for 4 months. Undoubtedly he'll have a good time with his familiy! Even now we are delighted to welcome him back in june 2012.

• Research Stay

Because of university research Dr. Oliver Herbort will stay until April 2012 at State College, PA, USA working with Professor David Rosenbaum (Department of Psychology).

• New paper

• CogSys, Febr. 22 -23, 2012,TU Vienna, Austria

• EUCoglll Members, Febr. 22 - 24, 2012

same location (conference will be held in conjunction with CogSys 2012)

Several team members from Cognitive Modeling will be there.