Biologische Psychologie



  • Sereno, S. C., Hand, C. J., Shahid, A., Mackenzie, I. G., Leuthold, H. (2020). Early EEG correlates of word frequency and contextual predictability in reading. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35:5, 625-640.


  • Dudschig, C., Mackenzie, I. G., Maienborn, C., Kaup, B., & Leuthold, H. (2019). Negation and the N400: Investigating temporal aspects of negation integration using semantic and world-knowledge violations. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 34, 309-314.
  • Fabi, S., Weber, L. A., & Leuthold, H. (2019). Empathic concern and personal distress depend on situational but not dispositional factors. PLoS ONE, 14, e0225102. pone.0225102


  • Dudschig, C., Mackenzie, Leuthold, H., & Kaup, B. (2018). Environmental sound priming: Does negation modify N400 cross-modal priming effects? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 25, 1441-1448.
  • Fabi, S., & Leuthold, H. (2018). Racial bias in empathy: Do we process dark- and fair-colored hands in pain differently? An EEG study. Neuropsychologia, 114, 143-157.
  • Janczyk, M., & Leuthold, H. (2018). Effector system-specific sequential modulations of congruency effects. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 25, 1066-1072.
  • Kunkel, A., Filik, R., Mackenzie, I. G., &, Leuthold, H. (2018). Task-dependent evaluative processing of moral and emotional content during comprehension: An ERP study. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 18, 389-409.


  • Fabi, S., & Leuthold, H. (2017). Empathy for pain influences perceptual and motor processing: Evidence from response force, ERPs, and EEG oscillations. Social Neuroscience, 93, 701-716.
  • Filik, R., Brightman, E., Gathercole, C., & Leuthold, H. (2017). The emotional impact of verbal irony: Eye-tracking evidence for a two-stage process. Journal of Memory and Language, 93, 193-202.


  • Ulrich, R., Schröter, H., Leuthold, H., & Birngruber, T. (2016). A note on Ulrich, Schröter, Leuthold, and Birngruber (2015). Cognitive Psychology, 91, 148.
  • Dudschig, C., Mackenzie, I. G., Strozyk, J., Kaup, B. & Leuthold, H. (2016). The sounds of sentences: Differentiating the influence of physical sound, sound imagery, and linguistically implied sounds on physical sound processing. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 16, 940-961.
  • Thompson, D., Mackenzie, I. G., Leuthold, H. & Filik, R. (2016). Emotional responses to irony and emoticons in written language: Evidence from EDA and facial EMG. Psychophysiology, 53, 1054-1062.


  • Ulrich, R., Schröter, H., Leuthold, H., & Birngruber, T. (2015). Automatic and controlled stimulus processing in conflict tasks: Superimposed diffusion processes and delta plots. Cognitive Psychology, 78, 148-174.
  • Troche, S., Indermühle, R., Leuthold, H., Rammsayer, T. H. (2015). Intelligence and the psychological refractory period: A lateralized readiness potential study. Intelligence, 53, 138-144.
  • Leuthold, H., Kunkel, A., Mackenzie, I. G., & Filik, R. (2015). Online processing of moral transgressions: ERP evidence for spontaneous evaluation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 1021-1029.
  • Filik, R., Hunter, C.M., & Leuthold, H. (2015). When language gets emotional: Irony and the embodiment of affect in discourse. Acta Psychologica, 156, 114-125.


  • Filik, R., Leuthold, H., Wallington, K., & Page, J. (2014). Testing theories of irony processing using eye-tracking and ERPs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 40, 811-828.


  • Tan, H.-R. M., Leuthold, H., & Gross, J. (2013). Gearing up for action: attentive tracking dynamically tunes sensory and motor oscillations in the alpha and beta band. NeuroImage, 82, 634-644.
  • Filik, R., & Leuthold, H. (2013). The role of character-based knowledge in online narrative comprehension: Evidence from eye movements and ERPs. Brain Research, 1506, 94-104.


  • Bohan, J., Leuthold, H., Hijikata, Y., & Sanford, A.J. (2012). Anomalies at the borderline of awareness: An ERP study. Neuropsychologia, 50, 3174-3184.
  • Eder, A. B., Leuthold, H., Rothermund, K., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2012). Automatic response activation in sequential affective priming: An ERP study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 436-445.
  • Leuthold, H., Filik, R., Murphy, K., & Mackenzie, I. G. (2012). The on-line processing of socio-emotional information: Inferences from brain potentials. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7, 457-466.


  • Filik, R., & Leuthold, H., Moxey, L., & Sanford, A. J. (2011). Anaphoric reference to quantified antecedents: An event-related brain potential study. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3786-3794.
  • Mackenzie, I. G., & Leuthold, H. (2011). Task-set reconfiguration and perceptual processing: Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37, 1239-1252.
  • Elkin, J., & Leuthold, H (2011). Representation of tone pitch in auditory imagery: S-R compatibility and distance effects. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 76-91.
  • Leuthold, H., & Jentzsch, I. (2011). Are temporal response features prepared in fixed order? Inferences from movement-related potentials. Psychophysiology, 48, 633-644.
  • Leuthold, H. (2011). The Simon effect in cognitive electrophysiology: A short review. Acta Psychologica, 136, 203-211.
  • Leuthold, H., & Schröter, H. (2011). Motor programming of finger sequences of different complexity. Biological Psychology, 86, 57-64.
  • Sanford, A.J., Leuthold, H., Bohan, J. & Sanford, A.J.S. (2011). Anomalies at the borderline of awareness: An ERP study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 514-523.


  • Martens, U., Leuthold, H, & Schweinberger, S.R. (2010). On the temporal organization of facial identity and expression analysis: Inferences from event-related brain potentials. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 505-522.
  • Martens, U., Leuthold, H, & Schweinberger, S.R. (2010). Parallel processing in face perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 103-121.


  • Leuthold, H., & Jentzsch, I. (2009). Planning of rapid aiming movements and the Contingent Negative Variation: Are movement duration and extent specified independently? Psychophysiology, 46, 539-550.
  • Schröter, H., & Leuthold, H. (2009). Motor programming of response sequences: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 46, 388-401.
  • Scott, G. G., O’Donnell, P.J., Leuthold, H., & Sereno, S.C. (2009). Early emotion word processing: Evidence from event-related potentials. Biological Psychology, 80, 95-104.


  • Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M., Leuthold, H., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2008). Brain potential correlates of face recognition: Geometric distortions and the N250r brain response to stimulus repetitions. Psychophysiology, 45, 535-544.
  • Bratzke, D., Ulrich, R., Rolke, B., Schröter, H., Jentzsch, I., & Leuthold, H. (2008). Motor limitation in dual-task processing with different effectors. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 1385-1399.
  • Ferguson, H., Sanford, A.J., & Leuthold, H. (2008). Eye-movements and ERPs reveal the time-course of processing negation and remitting counterfactual worlds. Brain Research, 1236, 113-125.
  • Filik, R., & Leuthold, H. (2008). Processing local pragmatic anomalies in fictional contexts: Evidence from the N400. Psychophysiology, 45, 554-558.
  • Filik, R., Sanford, T., & Leuthold, H. (2008). Processing pronouns without antecedents: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 1315-1326.
  • Schröter, H., & Leuthold, H. (2008). Effects of response sequence length on motor programming: A chronometric analysis. Acta Psychologica, 128, 186-196.


  • Jentzsch I., Leuthold H., & Ulrich R. (2007). Decomposing sources of response slowing in the PRP paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33, 610-626.


  • Leuthold, H., & Schröter, H. (2006). Electrophysiological evidence for response priming and conflict regulation in the auditory Simon task. Brain Research, 1097, 167-180.
  • Jentzsch, I., & Leuthold, H. (2006). Cognitive control over speeded actions: a common locus for micro- and macro-tradeoffs? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59, 1329-1337.
  • Ulrich, R., Ruiz Fernandez, S., Jentzsch, I., Rolke, B., Schröter, H., & Leuthold, H. (2006). Motor limitation in dual-task processing under ballistic movement conditions. Psychological Science, 17, 789-794.


  • Jentzsch, I., & Leuthold, H. (2005). Response conflict determines sequential effects in serial response time tasks with short response-stimulus intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 31, 731-748.
  • Stürmer, B., Seiss, E, & Leuthold, H. (2005). Executive control in the Simon task: A dual-task examination of response priming and its suppression. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 17, 590-618.


  • Christmann, C., & Leuthold, H. (2004). The attentional blink is susceptible to concurrent perceptual processing demands. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 357-377.
  • Jentzsch, I., Leuthold, H., & Ridderinkhof, R. (2004). Beneficial effects of ambiguous precues: Parallel motor preparation or reduced premotoric processing time? Psychophysiology, 41, 231-244.
  • Leuthold, H. (2004). Action monitoring and control: In search of common principles. In M. Ullsperger & M. Falkenstein (Eds.) Errors, Conflicts, and the Brain. Current Opinions on Performance Monitoring (pp. 70-76). Leipzig: MPI für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften.
  • Leuthold, H. (2004). Book Review of M. Jahanshahi & M. Hallett (Eds.) "The Bereitschaftspotential: Movement-related cortical potentials". Psychophysiology, 41, 805-806.
  • Leuthold, H., Sommer, W., & Ulrich, R. (2004). Preparing for action: Inferences from CNV and LRP. Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 77-88.


  • Leuthold, H. (2003). Programming of expected and unexpected movements: Effects on the onset of the lateralized readiness potential. Acta Psychologica, 114, 83-100.
  • Stürmer, B., & Leuthold, H. (2003). Control over response priming in visuomotor processing: A lateralized event-related potential study. Experimental Brain Research, 153, 35-44.
  • Wild-Wall, N., Sangals, J., Sommer, W., & Leuthold, H. (2003). Are fingers special? Evidence about movement programming and preparation from event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 40, 7-16.


  • Jentzsch, I., & Leuthold, H. (2002). Advance movement preparation of eye, foot, and hand: A comparative study using movement-related brain potentials. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 201-217.
  • Leuthold, H., & Jentzsch, I. (2002). Distinguishing neural sources of movement preparation and execution: An electrophysiological analysis. Biological Psychology, 60, 173-198.
  • Leuthold, H, & Jentzsch, I. (2002). Spatio-temporal source localisation reveals involvement of medial premotor areas in movement reprogramming. Experimental Brain Research, 144, 178-188.
  • Mattes, S., Leuthold, H., & Ulrich, R. (2002). Stimulus-response compatibility in intensity-force relations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55A, 1175-1191.
  • Sangals, J., Sommer, W., & Leuthold, H. (2002). Influences of presentation mode and time pressure on the utilisation of advance information in response preparation. Acta Psychologica, 109, 1-24.
  • Stürmer, B., Leuthold, H., Schröter, H., Soetens, E., & Sommer, W. (2002). Control over location-based response activation in the Simon task: Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 28, 1345-1363.


  • Leuthold, H., & Jentzsch, I. (2001). Neural correlates of advance movement preparation: A dipole source analysis approach. Cognitive Brain Research, 12, 207-224.
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Schubert, T. (2001). Multiple bottlenecks in information processing? An electrophysiological examination. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 81-88.
  • Ulrich, R., & Leuthold, H. (2001). Zeitliche und räumliche Handlungsvorbereitung: Chronopsychophysiologische Zugänge [Temporal and spatial preparation of forthcoming actions: A chronopsychophysiological approach]. Sport und Praxis, 8, 149-159.


  • Stürmer, B., Siggelkow, S., Dengler, R., & Leuthold, H. (2000). Response priming in the Simon paradigm: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Experimental Brain Research, 135, 353-359.


  • Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1999). ERP correlates of error processing in spatial S-R compatibility tasks. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, 342-357.
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Soetens, E. (1999). Covert signs of expectancy in serial reaction time tasks revealed by event-related potentials. Perception & Psychophysics, 61, 342-353.


  • Leuthold, H., & Kopp, B. (1998). Mechanisms of priming by masked stimuli: Inferences from event-related potentials. Psychological Science, 9, 263-269.
  • Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1998). Postperceptual effects and P300 latency. Psychophysiology, 35, 34-46.
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Matt, J. (1998). The expectancies that govern the P300 amplitude are mostly automatic and unconscious. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 149-150.
  • Stief, V., Leuthold, H., Ulrich, R., Miller, J., & Sommer, W. (1998). The effect of response complexity on the lateralized readiness potential. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 206, 305-319.
  • Ulrich, R., Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1998). Motor programming of response force and movement direction. Psychophysiology, 35, 721-728.


  • Leuthold, H. (1997). Stimulus-response compatibility and the lateralized readiness potential. In B. Hommel and W. Prinz (Eds.), Theoretical Issues in Stimulus-Response Compatibility (pp. 75-82). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Sommer, W., & Leuthold, H. (1997). Acute effects of alcohol revealed by event-related potentials. In J. Snell & M. Lorist, Caffeine, social drinking and nicotine - separate and combined effects on cognition and the brain (pp. 275-288). London, Harwood.
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., Abdel-Rahman, R., & Pfütze, E.-M. (1997). Die Lokalisierung des Gruppierungseffektes bei überlappenden Aufgaben. Zeitschrift für experimentelle Psychologie, XLIV, 103-117.


  • Leuthold, H., Sommer, W., & Ulrich, R. (1996). Partial advance information and response preparation: Inferences from the lateralized readiness potential. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 125, 307-323.
  • Sommer, W., Ulrich, R., & Leuthold, H. (1996). Das Lateralisierte Bereitschaftspotential als psychophysiologischer Zugang bei der Untersuchung kognitiver Prozesse. [The lateralized readiness potential as a psychophysiological approach to the investigation of cognitive processes.] Psychologische Rundschau, 47, 1-14.


  • Sommer, W., Heinz, A., Leuthold, H., Matt, J., & Schweinberger, S.R. (1995). Metamemory, distinctiveness, and event-related brain potentials in face recognition. Memory & Cognition, 23, 1-11.


  • Leuthold, H. (1994). Analysis of spatial S-R compatibility and the Simon effect by means of overt behavioral and electrophysiological measures: Automatic response activation as a common basis? Konstanz: Hartung-Gorre Verlag.]
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Ulrich, R. (1994). The readiness potential preceding brief lateralized isometric force-pulses of different peak force and rate-of-force production. Psychophysiology, 31, 503-513.


  • Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1993). Stimulus presentation rate dissociates sequential effects in event-related potentials and reaction times. Psychophysiology, 30, 510-517.
  • Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Hermanutz, H. (1993). Covert effects of alcohol as revealed by event-related brain potentials. Perception & Psychophysics, 54, 127-135.


  • Matt, J., Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1992). Differential effects of voluntary expectancies on reaction times and event-related potentials: Evidence for automatic and controlled expectancies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 810-822.


  • Sommer, W., Matt, J., & Leuthold, H. (1990). Consciousness of attention and expectancy as reflected in event-related potentials and reaction times. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 16, 902-915.
  • Sommer, W., Matt, J., & Leuthold, H. (1990). Practice and sequential effects in reaction times and event-related potentials. In C.H.M. Brunia, A.W.K. Gaillard, & A. Kok (Eds.), Psychophysiological brain research, Vol. 2 (pp. 26-31). Tilburg University Press.