Adaptive Strategies of Taiwanese Entrepreneurs in the context of Structural Changes in the Chinese Economy: the example of the Fujian Pilot Free Trade Zone
This project continues Prof. Schubert’s earlier research on the evolution of a cross-strait political economy and a changing environment for Taiwan’s mainland-based entrepreneurs. It focuses on the Fujian Pilot Free Trade Zone (PFTZ), which was established in 2015 to serve two purposes: contributing to a new drive for market-unifying economic reforms in China and attracting Taiwanese investment and young entrepreneurs. Hence, the project will generate insights in the current effort of China’s central government to bring new economic reforms and a refurbished growth model on the one hand and to shed light on the politically-driven dynamics of cross-strait economic relations on the other. The project was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) between 2016-2018 and has continued with a new project on China’s new preference policies towards Taiwan (see below).
(Project duration: October 2016 – September 2019)
Integration by ‘Completely Opening Up’? – An Empirical Study of Xi Jinping’s New Taiwan Policy
Continuing Prof. Schubert’s research on the adaptive strategies of Taiwanese entrepreneurs on the Chinese mainland in the context of structural change in the Chinese economy, the project investigates Xi Jingping’s new Taiwan policy approach of ‘comprehensively opening-up’ in order to attract more Taiwanese – entrepreneurs, high-skilled professionals and university graduates – to China by bypassing the Taiwan government. It looks at the implementation of preferential policies put forward by local governments in Fujian and at the responses of Taiwanese who have come to these provinces recently or are contemplating migrating from Taiwan to China. This project is in cooperation with a Taiwanese partner. A project proposal has been submitted to the DFG which currently awaits a final decision.
(Initial project duration: October 2019 – September 2021)
Chinese and East Asian Migration Governance in Comparative Perspective
Global migration increasingly shapes Chinese politics. African migrants with uncertain residential status have become a familiar sight in the southern metropolis of Guangzhou. Refugee camps line China’s southwestern border and North Korean migrants have long been a problem for border security in China’s North East. China does not provide constitutional protection for refugees of other countries, but cooperates with the UNHCR to care for those who apply for political asylum in China. At the same time, China has initiated a number of schemes to attract high-skilled labor to China, most notably from the Overseas Chinese Community, though it remains almost impossible to obtain Chinese citizenship as a non-Chinese. Under the impact of global migration flows, China has started to revamp its immigration regime and institutionalize new policies pertaining to both low and high-skilled migration. This project compares China’s recent initiatives with the changing immigration regimes in other East Asian countries and entities: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Hongkong. Established and emerging China scholars work with experts specializing in other East Asian countries in an interdisciplinary setting to understand China’s evolving immigration management and draw comparisons across the East Asian region.
This project is conducted in cooperation with the Graduate School of East Asian Studies (GEAS) at Freie Universität Berlin, to which Prof. Schubert is affiliated as an EINSTEIN FELLOW financially supported by the EINSTEIN-Foundation of the Federal State of Berlin.
(Initial project duration: January 2017 – December 2020)
Duelling spatial realities? China and Japan redefining spatial order in (East) Asia
The concept of regions – delineating global order in terms of different spaces of influence – is a notion based on predominantly Western perspectives. China’s own cognitive map and concepts of geographical as well as political spaces, including the perspectives and responses of actors that are directly affected by China’s ambitions and global outreach – first and foremost Japan – are, however, largely neglected in such discussions. This project investigates China’s politics in Asia and Eurasia. It also looks at how China’s neighbors, most notably Japan, develop alternative ideas to shape the evolving regional and global order, containing or engaging China in a peaceful way.
This project will be jumpstarted by an international workshop in October 2019. As a cooperation between the Chair of Greater Chinese Studies, the Institute of Japanese Studies and the Graduate School of East Asian Studies (GEAS) at the Freie Universität Berlin GEAS, a joint DFG proposal will be submitted in the course of 2019.
(Initial project duration: October 2020 – September 2022)
Steering the Private Sector Economy in Times of Rising Entrepreneurial Power
'Whither the 1992 consensus'? The future of China's Taiwan Policy
Lokale Kader als Strategische Gruppen - Analysen in multiplen Politikfeldern