Dr. Valdir F. Novello

University of Tübingen
Geo- and Environmental Research Center
Schnarrenbergstr. 94/96
72076 Tübingen
Room: 5R22

Valdir's research focuses on paleoclimate reconstructions based on stalagmites and other cave archives. His research also involves cave monitoring, environmental geochemistry, archaeology, paleomagnetism and atmospheric sciences.


  • Postdoc at the Department of Geosciences, University of Tübingen - Germany
  • PhD in Sciences, Institute of Geosciences, University of São Paulo (USP) - Brazil
  • Master's degree in Sciences, Institute of Geosciences, University of São Paulo (USP) - Brazil
  • Bachelor’s degree in Physics, Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo (USP) – Brazil



Research area



  • Ramirez, V.M.; Cruz, F.W.; Vuille, M.; Novello, V.F.; Stríkis, N.M.; Cheng, H.; Zhang, H.W.; Bernal, J.P.; Du, W.J.; Ampuero, A.; Deininger, M.; Chiessi, C.M.; Tejedor, E.; Campos, J.L.; Ait Brahim, T.; Edwards, R.L. (2023). Summer insolation controlled movements of Intertropical Convergence Zone during last glacial cycle in northern South America. Communications earth & environment, 4:495. doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-01124-6.

  • Utida, Giselle; Cruz, F.W.; Vuille, M.; Ampuero, A.; Novello, V.F.; Maksic, J.; Sampaio, G.; Cheng, H.; Zhang, H.; Andrade, F.R.D.; Edwards, R.L. (2023). Spatiotemporal Intertropical Convergence Zone dynamics during the last 3 millennia in northeastern Brazil and related impacts in modern human history. Climate of the Past, 19, 1975-1992. doi.org/10.5194/cp-19-1975-2023.


  • Campos, M. C.; Chiessi, C. M.; Novello, V. F.; Crivellari, S.; Camps, J. L. P. S.; Albuquerque, A. L. S.; Venancio, I. M.; Santos, T. P.; Melo, D. B.; Cruz, F. W.; Sawakuchi, A. O.; Mendes, V. R. (2022). South American precipitation dipole forced by interhemispheric temperature gradient. Scientific Reports, 12: 10527.

  • Jiménez-Iñiguez, A,; Ampuero, A.; Valencia, B. G.; Mayta, V. C.; Cruz, F. W.; Vuille, M.; Novello, V. F.; Stríkis, N. M.; Aranda, N.; Conicelli, B. (2022). Stable isotope variability of precipitation and cave drip-water at Jumandy cave, western Amazon River basin (Ecuador). Journal of Hydrology, 610, 127848.

  • Jaqueto, P.; Trindade, R. I. F.; Terra-Nova, F.; Feinberg, J. M.; Novello, V. F.; Stríkis, N. M.; Schroedl, P.; Azevedo, V.; Strauss, B. E.; Cruz, F. W.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L. (2022). Stalagmite paleomagnetic record of a quiet mid-to-late Holocene field activity in central South America. Nature Communications, 13, 1349, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-28972-8.

  • Libera, M. E. D.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Orrison, R.; Vuille, M.; Maezumi, S. Y.; Souza, J.; Cauhy, J.; Campos, J. L. P. S; Ampuero, A.; Utida, G.; Stríkis, N. M.; Stumpf, C. F.; Azevedo, V.; Zhang, H.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H. (2022). Paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental changes in Amazonian lowlands over the last three millennia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 279, 107383, https//doi.org/10.1016/j.quasdrev.2022.107383.


  • Novello V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Vuille, M.; Campos, J. L. P. S.; Stríkis, N. M.; Apaéstegue, J.; Moquet, S. J.; Azevedo, V.; Ampuero, A.; Utida, G.; Wang, X.; Paula-Santos, G. M.; Jaqueto, P.; pessenda, L. C. R.; Breecker, D. O.; Karmann, I. (2021). Investigating d13C values in stalagmites from tropical South America for the last two millenia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 255, 106822, doi.org/19.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106822.

  • Jaqueto, P.; Trindade, R. I. F.; Feinberg, J. M.; Carmo, J.; Novello, V. F.; Stríkis, N. M.; Cruz, F. W.; Shimizu, M. H.; Karmann, I. (2021). Magnetic Mineralogy of Speleothems From Tropical-Subtropical Sites of South America. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 634482, http://http://doi:10.3389/feart.2021.634482.

  • Azevedo, V.; Stríkis, N. M.; Novello, V. F.; Roland, C. L.; Cruz, F. W.; Santos, R. V.; Vuille, M.; Utida, G.; Andrade, F. R. D.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L. (2021). Paleovegetation seesaw in Brazil since the Late Pleistocene: A multiproxy study of two biomes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 563, 116880, doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2021.116880.

  • Fu, R. R; Hess, K.; Jaqueto, P.; Novello, V. F.; Kukla, T.; Trindade, R. I. F. Trindade, Stríkis, N. M.; Cruz, F. W.; Dor, O. B. (2021). High-resolution environmental magnetism using the Quantum Diamond Microscope (QDM): application to a tropical speleothem. Frontiers in Earth Science , 8, 604505, doi:10.3389/feart.2020.604505.

  • Novello, V. F.; Campos, M. C.; Chiessi, C. M.; Paula-Santos, G. M.; Pessenda, L. C. R.; Gomes, T.; Utida, Cruz, F. W. (2021). Aplicações de isótopos estáveis de carbono no estudo das mudanças climáticas e ambientais. Derbyana, 42, e735.


  • Sekhon, N.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Wortham, B. E.; Ribeiro, T. G. R.; Breecker, D. O. (2020). Diurnal to seasonal ventilation in Brazilian caves. Global and Planetary Change, 147, 103378, https://doi.org/1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103378.

  • Comas-Bru, L.; Rehfeld, K.; Roesch, C.; Aminezhad-Mozdehi, S.; Horrison, S. P.; Atsawawaranunt, K.; Ahmad, S. M.; Brahim, Y. A.; Baker, A.; Bosomworth, M.; Breitenbach, S. F. M.; Burstyn, Y.; Columbu, A.; Deininger, M.; Deméry, A;. Dixdon, D.; Fohlmeister, J.; Hatvani, I. G.; Hu, J.; Kaushal, N.; Kern, Z.; Labuhn, I.; Lechleitner, F. A.; Lorrey, A.; Martrat, B.; Novello, V. F.; Oster, J.; Pérez-Maíjas, C.; Scholz, D.; Scroxton, N.; Sinha, N.; Ward, B. M.; Warken, S.; Zhang, H.; SISAL Working Group members. (2020). SISALv2: a comprehensive speleothem isotope database with multiple age-depth models. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2579-2606.

  • Utida, G.; Cruz, F. W.; Santos, R. V.; Sawakuchi, A. O.; Wang, H.; Pessenda, L. C. R.; Novello, V. F.; Vuille, M.; Strauss, A. M.; Borella, A. C.; Stríkis, N. M.; Guedes, C. C. F.; Andrade, F. R. D.; Zhang, H.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L. (2020). Climate changes in Northeastern Brazil from deglacial to Maghalayan periods and related environmental impacts. Quaternary Science Reviews, 250, 106655.

  • Cheng, H.; Zhang, H.; Spötl, C.; Baker, J.; Sinha, A.; Li, H.; Bartolomé. M.; Moreno, A.; Kathayat, G.; Zhao, J.; Dong, X.; Li, Y.; Ning, Y.; Jia, X.; Zong, B.; Brahim, Y. A.; Pérez-Mejias, C.; Cai, Y.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Severinghaus, J. P.; An, Z.; Edwards, R. L. (2020). Timing and structure of the Younger Dryas event and its underlying climate dynamics. PNAS, doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2007869117.

  • Ampuero, A.; Stríkis, N. M.; Apaéstegui, J.; Vuille, M.; Novello, V. N.; Espinoza, J. C.; Cruz, F. W., Vonhof, H.; Mayta, V. C., Martins, V. T. S., Cordeiro, R. C., Azevedo, V., Sifeddine, A. (2020). The forest effects on the isotopic composition of rainfall in the Northwestern Amazon Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031445. doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031445.


  • Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; McGlue, M. M.; Wong, C. I.; Ward, B. M.; Vuille, M.; Santos, R. A.; Jaqueto, P.; Pessenda, L. C. R.; Atorre, T.; Ribeiro, L. M. A. L.; Karmann, I.; Barreto, E. S.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L.; Paula, M. S.; Scholz, D. (2019). Vegetation and environmental changes in tropical South America from the last glacial to the Holocene documented by multiple cave sediment proxies. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 524, 115717, doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115717.

  • Souza, J. G.; Robinson, M.; Maezumi, Y. S.; Capriles, J.; Hoggarth, J. A.; Lombardo, U.; Novello, V. F.; Apaéstegui, J.; Whitney, B.; Urrego, D.; Alves, D. T.; Rostain, S.; Power, M. J.; Mayle, F. E.; Cruz, F. W.; Hooghiemstra, H.; Iriarte, J. (2019). Climate change and cultural resilience in late pre-Columbian Amazonia. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3, 1007-1017, doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0924-0.

  • Ward, B. W.; Wong, C.; Novello, V. F.; McGee, D.; Santos, R. V.; Silva, L. C. R.; Cruz, F. W.; Wang, X.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H. (2019). Reconstruction of Holocene coupling between the South America Monsoon System and local moisture variability from speleothem d18O and 87Sr/86Sr records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 210, 51-63, doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.02.019.

  • Campos, J. L. P. S.; Cruz, F. W.; Ambrizzi, T.; Deininger, M.; Vuille, M.; Novello, V. F.; Stríkis, N. M. (2019). Coherence South American Monsoon Variability during the Last Millennium Revealed though high-resolution proxy records. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, doi.org/10.1029/2019GL082513.

  • Comas-Bru, L.; SISAL Working Group Members (2019). Evaluating Model outputs using integrated global speleothem records of climate change since the last glacial. Climate of the Past, 15, 1-23, doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1-2019.

  • Deininger, M.; Ward, B. M.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W. (2019). Late quaternary variations in the South American Monsoon System as inferred by speleothem-new perspectives using the SISAL Database. Quaternary, 2 (6), 1-21, doi:10.3390/quat2010006.

  • Utida, G.; Cruz, F. W.; Etourneau, J.; Bouloubassi, I.; Schefub, E.; Vuille, M.; Novello, V. F.; Prado, L. F.; Sifeddine, A.; Klein, V.; Zular, A.; Viana, J. C. C.; Turcq, B. (2019). Tropical South Atlantic influence on Northeastern Brazil precipitation and ITCZ displacement during the past 2300 years. Scientific Reports, 9:1698, 1-8, doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38003-6.

  • Macario, K. D.; Stríkis, N. M.; Cruz, F. W.; Hammerschlag, I.; Alvez, E. Q.; Novello, V. F.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.; Andrade, F. R. D.; Buarque, P. (2019). Assessing the dead carbon proportion of a modern speleothem from central Brazil. Quaternary Geochronology, 52, 29-36, doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2019.02.010.

  • Ustra, A.; Mendonça, C.; Leite, A.; Jaqueto, P.; Novello, V. F. (2019). Low field frequency dependent magnetic susceptibility inversion. Computers & Geosciences, v. 133, 104326. doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2019.104326.

  • Khider, D.; Emile-Geay, J.; McKay, N.P.; Gil1, Y.; Garijo, D.; Ratnakar, V.; Alonso-Garcia, M.; Bertrand, S.; Bothe, O.; Brewer, P.; Bunn, A.; Chevalier, M.; Comas-Bru, L.; Csank, A.; Dassié, E.; DeLong, K.; Felis, T.; Francus, P.; Frappier, A.; Gray, W.; Goring, S.; Jonkers, L.; Kahle, M.; Kaufman, D.; Kehrwald, N. M.; Martrat, B.; McGregor, H.; Richey, J.; Schmittner, A.; Scroxton, N.; Sutherland, E.; Thirumalai, K.; Allen, K.; Arnaud, F.; Axford, Y.; Barrows, T. T.; Bazin, L.; Pilaar Birch, S.E.; Bradley, E.; Bregy, J.; Capron, E.; Cartapanis, O.; Chiang, H.-W.; Cobb, K.; Debret, M.; Dommain, R.; Du, J.; Dyez, K.; Emerick, S.; Erb, M. P.; Falster, G.; Finsinger, W.; Fortier, D.; Gauthier, N.; George, S.; Grimm, E.; Hertzberg, J.; Hibbert, F.; Hillman, A.; Hobbs, W.; Huber, M.; Hughes, A.L.C.; Jaccard, S.; Ruan, J.; Kienast, M.; Konecky, B.; LeRoux, G.; Lyubchich, V.; Novello, V.F.; Olaka, L.; Partin, J.W.; Pearce, C.; Phipps, S.J.; Pignol, C.; Piotrowska, N.; Poli, M.-S.; Prokopenko, A.; Schwanck, F.; Stepanek, C.; Swann, G. E. A.; Telford, R.; Thomas, E.; Thomas, Z.; Truebe, S.; von Gunten, L.; Waite, A.; Weitzel, N.; Wilhelm, B.; Williams, J.; Williams, J.J.; Winstrup, M.; Zhao, N.; Zhou, Y. (2019). PaCTS 1.0: A Crowdsourced Reporting Standard for Paleoclimate Data. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, v. X, p. 2019PA003632. doi.org/10.1029/2019PA003632


  • Trindade, R. I. F.; Jaqueto, P.; Terra-Nova, F.; Brandt, D.; Hartmann, G. A.; Feinberg, J. M.; Strauss, B. E.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W. ; Karmann, I.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L. (2018). Speleothem record of geomagnetic South Atlantic Anomaly recurrence. PNAS, doi/10.1073/pnas.1809197115.

  • Atsawawanunt, A.; SISAL Working Group Members (2018). The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1–27, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1-2018.

  • Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Moquet, J. S.; Vuille, M.; de Paula; m. S.; Nunes, D.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.; Karmann, I.; Utida, G.; Stríkis, N. M.; Campos, J. L. P. S. (2018). Two millennia of South Atlantic Convergence Zone variability reconstructed from isotopic proxies. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017GL076838.


  • Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Vuille, M.; Strikís, N. M.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.; Emerick, S.; de Paula, M.; Li, X.; Barreto, E. S.; Karmann, I.; Santos, R. V. (2017). A high-resolution history of South American Monsoon from Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. Scientific Reports, 7, 44267, doi: 10.1038/srep44267.


  • Novello, V. F.; Vuille, M.; Cruz, F. W.; Stríkis, N. M.; Saito de Paula, M.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.; Karmann, I.; Jaqueto, P. F.; Trindade, R. I. F.; Hartmann, G. A.; Moquet, J. (2016). Centennial-scale solar forcing of the South American Monsoon System recorded in stalagmites. Scientific Reports, 6, 24762; doi: 10.1038/srep24762.

  • Jaqueto, P.; Trindade, R. I. F.; Hartmann, G. A.; Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F. W.; Karmann, I.; Strauss, B. E.; Feiberg, J. M. (2016). Linking speleothem and soil magnetism in the Pau d’Alho cave (central South America). Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121, 1-16.

  • Moquet, J. S.; Cruz, F. W.; Novello, V. F.; Stríkis, N. M.; Deininger, M.; Karmann, I.; Santos, R. V.; Millo, C.; Apaestegui, J.; Guyot, J.-L.; Siffedine, A.; Vuille, M.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L.; Santini, W. (2016) Calibration of speleothem d18O records against hydroclimate instrumental records in Central Brazil. Global and Planetary Change, 139, 151-164.

  • Bustamante, M. G.; Cruz, F. W.; Vuille, M.; Apaéstegui, J.; Strikis, N.; Panizo, G.; Novello, F. V.; Deininger, M.; Sifeddine, A.; Cheng, H.; Moquet, J. S.; Guyot, J. L.; Santos, R. V.; Segura, H.;edwards, R. L. (2016). Holocene changes in monsoon precipitation in the Andes of NE Peru based on δ18O speleothem records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 146, 274-287.

  • Laureano, F. V.; Karmann, I.; Granger, D. E.; Auler, A. S.; Almeida, R. P.; Cruz, F. W.; Stríkis, N. M.; Novello, V. F. (2016). Two million years of river and cave aggradation in NE Brazil: Implications for speleogenesis and landscape evolution. Geomorphology, 273, 63-77.


  • Alessandretti, L.; Warren, L. V.; Machado, R.; Novello, V. F. Sayeg, I. J. (2015). Septarian carbonate concretions in the Permian Rio do Rastro Formation: Birth, growth and implications for the early diagenetic history of southwestern Gondwana succession. Sedimentary Geology, 326, o. 1-15.

  • Laureano, F. V.; Granger, D. E.; Karmann, I.; Novello, V. F. (2015). Datação de soterramento utilizando os isótopos cosmogênicos 10Be e 26Al: síntese metodológica e breve revisão de suas aplicações em geociências. Geonomos, 22, 18-27.


  • Novello, V. F.; Cruz, F.W.; Karmann, I.; Burns, S. J.; Strīķis, N. M.; Vuille, M.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L.; Santos, R. V.; Frigo, E.; Barreto, E. A. S. (2012). Multidecadal climate variability in Brazil’s Nordeste during the last 3000 years based on speleothem isotope records. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L23706.

  • Vuille, M.; Burns, S. J.; Taylor, B. L.; Cruz, F. W.; Bird, B. W.; Abbott, M. B.; Kanner, L. C.; Cheng, H.; Novello, V. F. (2012). A review of the South American monsoon history as recorded in stable isotopic proxies over the past two millennia. Climate of the Past, 8, 1309-1321.


  • Stríkis, N.M.; Cruz, F.W.; Cheng, H.; Karmann, I., Edwards, R. L; Vuille, M., Wang, X.; de Paulo, M. S.; Novello, V. F.; Auler, A. S. (2011). Abrupt variations in South American monsoon rainfall during the Holocene based on speleothem record from central-eastern Brazil. Geology, 39, 1075-1078.