Numbers play a crucial role in our everyday life. Therefore, it is important to understand the basic cognitive processes underlying number processing. One of the most universal aspects of number processing is Spatial-Numerical Associations (SNA).
SNAs are a heterogeneous family of phenomena, which share few features in common. Numbers covey different types of information (cardinality, e.g., five bikes; ordinality, e.g., the fifth bike; parity: odd vs. even; etc.) and all these types of information can be associated with aspects of space (extensions, e.g., occupied area; directions, e.g., left vs. right; etc.).
The SNARC (Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes; Dehaene et al., 1993) effect is the hallmark directional SNA effect. It denotes the observation that in left-to-right reading cultures, responses to small numbers are faster with the left and responses to large numbers are faster with the right.
In this research project, we aim to answer the following questions:
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Dehaene, S., Bossini, S., & Giraux, P. (1993). The mental representation of parity and number magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122(3), 371–396. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3422.214.171.1241
Toomarian, E. Y., & Hubbard, E. M. (2018). On the Genesis of Spatial-Numerical Associations: Evolutionary and Cultural Factors Co-Construct the Mental Number Line. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 90, 184–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.04.010