Institute of Sociology

Ludovica Gambaro, Ph.D.

Postdoctoral researcher

Ludovica joined the Department of Sociology as postdoctoral researcher in 2020. She is a quantitative social scientist, with a broad research interest in the design, delivery and effects of social policies in relation to poverty and inequality. Her work has focused in particular on two areas: 1) inequalities in childhood, and the way they may relate to social policies affecting family and education services, housing and neighbourhoods; 2) gender inequalities in the labour market, and in particular the institutional mechanisms that contribute to the (low) monetary rewards attached to care occupations. She previously held a Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship at the German Institute for Economic Research and research positions at UCL (University College London) and LSE (London School of Economics). She obtained a PhD in Social Policy from the LSE, an MPA also from the LSE and a degree in Economics from Bocconi University.


Her current project with Professor Pia Schober is entitled: "Parental gender socialization across diverse families”.


Description of the current research project


Gambaro, L., Buttaro, A., Joshi, H., & Lennon, M. C. (2022). Does residential mobility affect child development at age five? A comparative study of children born in U.S. and U.K. cities. Developmental Psychology, 58(4), 700–713.

Buttaro, A., Gambaro, L., Joshi, H., & Lennon, M. C. (2021). Neighborhood and Child Development at Age Five: A UK–US Comparison. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(19), 10435.

Gambaro, L., Neidhöfer, G., & Spiess, C. K. (2021). The effect of early childhood education and care services on the integration of refugee families. Labour Economics, 72, 102053.

Moulton, V., Goodman, A., Nasim, B., Ploubidis, G. B., & Gambaro, L. (2020). Parental Wealth and Children’s Cognitive Ability, Mental, and Physical Health: Evidence From the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Child Development, 92(1), 115–123.

Gambaro, L., Marcus, J., & Peter, F. (2019). School entry, afternoon care, and mothers’ labour supply. Empirical Economics, 57(3), 769–803.
Stewart, K., Campbell, T., & Gambaro, L. (2019). The peer composition of pre-school settings in England and early recorded attainment among low-income children. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 40(6), 717–741.

Mostafa, T., Gambaro, L., & Joshi, H. (2018). The Impact of Complex Family Structure on Child Well‐being: Evidence From Siblings. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(4), 902–918.

Campbell, T., Gambaro, L., & Stewart, K. (2018). ‘Universal’ early education: Who benefits? Patterns in take-up of the entitlement to free early education among three-year-olds in England. British Educational Research Journal, 44(3), 515–538.

Gambaro, L., Joshi, H., & Lupton, R. (2017). Moving to a better place? Residential mobility among families with young children in the Millennium Cohort Study. Population, Space and Place, 23(8), e2072.

Gambaro, L. (2017). Who is minding the kids? New developments and lost opportunities in reforming the British early education workforce. Journal of European Social Policy, 27(4), 320–331.

Gambaro, L., & Joshi, H. (2016). Moving home in the early years: What happens to children in the UK? Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 7(3).

Gambaro, L., Joshi, H., Lupton, R., Fenton, A., & Lennon, M. C. (2016). Developing Better Measures of Neighbourhood Characteristics and Change for Use in Studies of Residential Mobility: A Case Study of Britain in the Early 2000s. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 9(4), 569–590.

Gambaro, L., Stewart, K., & Waldfogel, J. (2015). A question of quality: Do children from disadvantaged backgrounds receive lower quality early childhood education and care? British Educational Research Journal, 41(4), 553–574.

Gambaro, L., Stewart, K., & Waldfogel, J. (eds) (2014). An equal start?: Providing quality early education and care for disadvantaged children. Bristol; Chicago: Policy Press.

Caliendo, M., Gambaro, L., & Haan, P. (2009). The impact of income taxation on the ratio between reservation and market wages and the incentives for labour supply. Applied Economics Letters, 16(9), 877–883.