Publikationen des Lehrstuhls ab 2000


Wagener L., Nieder A. (2024, in press)

Conscious experience of stimulus presence and absence is actively encoded by neurons in the crow brain.

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience


Lin X-X., Nieder A., Jacob S.N. 

The neuronal implementation of representational geometry in primate prefrontal cortex.

Science Advances

Ott T., Stein A.M., Nieder A. (2023)

Dopamine receptor activation regulates reward expectancy signals during cognitive control in primate prefrontal neurons 

Nature Communications 14: 7537

Kirschhock M.E., Nieder A. (2023)

Association neurons in the crow telencephalon link visual signs to numerical values.


Kutter E.F., Dehnen G., Borger V., Surges R., Mormann F., Nieder A. (2023)

Distinct neuronal representation of small and large numbers in the human medial temporal lob

Nature Human Behaviour

Kirschhock M.E., Nieder A. (2023)

Numerical representation for action in crows obeys the Weber-Fechner law.

Psychological Science

Nieder A. (2023, in press) (Review)

Convergent circuit computation for categorization in the brains of primates and songbirds.

Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

Hahner L., Nieder A. (2023)

Costs and benefits of voluntary attention in crows.

Royal Society Open Science

Nieder A. (2023, in press) (mini Review)

Neuroscience of cognitive control in crows.

Trends in Neurosciences

Johnston M., Brecht K.F., Nieder A. (2023)

Crows flexibly apply statistical inferences based on previous experience.

Current Biology

Wagener L., Nieder A. (2023)

Categorical representation of abstract spatial magnitudes in the executive telencephalon of crows.

Current Biology 33, 2151–2162.

Hanganu-Opatz I.L., Klausberger T., Sigurdsson T., Nieder A., Jacob S.N., Bartos M., Sauer J.-F., Durstewitz D., Leibold C., Diester I. (2023, in press) (REVIEW)

Resolving the prefrontal mechanisms of adaptive cognitive behaviors: a cross-species perspective.

Neuron 111(7), 1020–1036.

Wagener L., Rinnert P., Veit L., Nieder A. (2023)

Crows protect visual working memory against interference.

Journal of Experimental Biology 226(5), jeb245453.

Brecht K.F., Westendorff S., Nieder A. (2023)

Neural correlates of cognitively controlled vocalisations in a corvid songbird.

Cell Reports 42(3):112113


Quest*, M., Rinnert*, P., Hahner, L., Nieder, A. (2022,)    (*shared first authorship)

Exogenous and endogenous spatial attention in crows.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA

Maier, W., Pilz, P., Ruf, I. (2022

Different size of tympanic membranes and its functional
and ecomorphological meaning in Crocidurinae and Soricinae
(Lipotyphla: Soricidae)

Lynx n.s. (Praha), 53, 163-174. 

Kirschhock M.E., Nieder A. (2022).

Number selective sensorimotor neurons in the crow translate perceived numerosity into number of actions.

Nature Communications

Liao*, D.A., Brecht*, K.F., Johnston, M., Nieder A. (2022, in press)   (*shared first authorship)

Recursive sequence generation in crows.

Science Advances

Nieder A (2022) (Review)

In search for consciousness in animals: Using working memory and voluntary attention as behavioral indicator

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Kersten Y., Friedrich-Müller B., Nieder A. (2022)

A brain atlas of tha carrion crow (Corvus corone)

Journal of Comparative Neurology

Ditz* H.M., Fechner* J., Nieder A. (2022).   (*shared first authorship)

Cell-type specific pallial circuits shape categorical tuning responses in the crow telencephalon.

Communications Biology 5:269 [

Kutter E.F., Bostroem J., Elger C.E., Nieder A., Mormann F. (2022)

Neuronal codes for arithmetic rule processing in the human brain.

Current Biology 32, 1275–1284.

Bryer M.A.H., Koopman S.E, Cantlon J.F., Piantadosi S.T., MacLean, E.L., Baker J.M., Beran M.J., Jones S.M., Jordan K.E., Mahamane S., Nieder A., Perdue B.M., Range F., Stevens J.R., Tomonaga M., Ujfalussy D.J., Vonk, J. (2022)

The evolution of quantitative sensitivity.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London – B, 377(1844): 20200529.

Miller R., Lambert M.L., Frohnwieser A., Brecht K.F., Bugnyar T., Crampton I., Pelegri E.G., Gould K., Greggor A.L., Izawa EI, Kelly D.M., Li Z., Luo Y., Luong L.B., Massen J.J.M., Nieder A., Reber S.A., Schiestl M., Seguchi A., Sepehri P., Stevens J.R., Taylor A.H., Wang L., Wolff L.M., Zhang Y., Clayton N.S. (2022)

Socio-ecological correlates of neophobia in corvids.

Current Biology 32, 1–12

Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2022 submitted)

Bats of BCI: guild structure ans Niche differentiation. Smithsonian Contributions

Thong VD, Denzinger A, Long V, Sang NV, Huyen NTT, Thien NH, Luong NK, Tuan LQ, Ha NM, Luong NT, Schnitzler HU (2022)

Importance of mangrove for bat research and conservation: a case study from Vietnam with notes on echolocation of Myotis hasselti

Diversity 14, 258

Schöppler D, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2022)

The resting frequency of echolocation signals changes with body temperature in the hipposiderid bat, Hipposideros armiger

J. Exp. Biol. 225(3)


Hahn L.A., Balakhonov D., Fongaro E., Nieder A., Rose J (2021)Working memory capacity of crows and monkeys arises from similar neuronal computations.

eLife  e72783

Nasr K, Nieder A. (2021)

Spontaneous representation of numerosity zero in a deep neural network for visual object recognition.

iScience 24, 103301

Nieder A. (2021) (REVIEW)

Consciousness without cortex

Current Opinion in Neurobiology 71: 69–76

Stalter* M, Westendorff* S., Nieder A. (2021)  (*shared first authorship)

Feature-based attention processes in primate prefrontal cortex do not rely on feature similarity

Cell Reports 36: 109470

Nieder A. (2021) (Review)

The evolutionary history of brains for numbers.

Trends in Cognitive Sciences

Kirschhock M.E., Ditz H.M., Nieder A. (2021)

Behavioral and neuronal representation of numerosity zero in the crow

Journal of Neuroscience

Rinnert P., Nieder A. (2021)

Neural code of motor planning and execution during goal-directed movements in crows.

Journal of Neuroscience

Nieder A. (2021) (Review)

Neuroethology of number sense across the animal kingdom.

Journal of Experimental Biology 224(Pt 6):jeb218289.

Gavrilov N., Nieder A. (2021)

Distinct neural networks for the volitional control of vocal and manual actions in the monkey homologue of Broca's area.


Eckert P, Marchetta P, Manthey MK, Walter MH, Jovanovic S, Savitska D, Singer W, Jacob MH, Rüttiger L, Schimmang T, Milenkovic I, Pilz PKD and Knipper M (2021)

Deletion of BDNF in Pax2 Lineage-Derived Interneuron Precursors in the Hindbrain Hampers the Proportion of Excitation/Inhibition, Learning, and Behavior. 

Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 

Kersten Y., Friedrich-Müller B., Nieder A. (2021)

A histological study of the song system of the carrion crow (Corvus corone).

Journal of Comparative Neurology

Krumpel A, Rice A, Frasier KE, Reese F, Trickey JS, Simonis AE, Ryan JP, Wiggins SM, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU Baumann-Pckering S (2021)

Long-Term Patterns of noise from underwater explosions and their relation to fisheries in Southern California

Mar. Sci. 8:796849

Thong VD, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU et al (2021)

Bat Diversity in Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Vietnam: A Review with New Records from Mangrove Ecosystem

Diversity 13 (8): 376


Nieder A.  Wagener L., Rinnert P. (2020)

A neural correlate of sensory consciousness in a corvid bird


Wagener L., Nieder A. (2020)

Categorical auditory working memory in crows.


Nieder A. (2020) (Review)

Absolute numerosity discrimination as a case study in comparative vertebrate intelligence

Frontiers in Psychology

Brecht K.F., Nieder A. (2020) (Review)

Parting self from others: individual and self-recognition in birds

Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews

Brecht K.F., Müller J., Nieder A. (2020)

Carrion crows (Corvus corone corone) fail the mirror mark test yet again

Journal of Comparative Psychology

Nieder A. (2020) (Review)

The adaptive value of numerical competence

Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Viswanathan P., Nieder A. (2020)

Spatial neuronal integration supports a global representation of visual numerosity in primate parieto-frontal cortex

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 

Ditz H.M.,Nieder A. (2020)

Format-dependent and format-independent representation of sequential and simultaneous numerosity in the crow endbrain.

Nature Communications

Rodermund P., Westendorff S., Nieder A. (2020) 

Blockage of NMDA- and GABA(A) receptors improves working memory selectivity of primate prefrontal neurons.

Journal of Neuroscience

Nieder A. (2020) (Review)

Neural constraints on human number concepts.

Current Opinion in Neurobiology

Stalter M., Westendorff S., Nieder A. (2020)

Dopamine gates visual signals in monkey prefrontal cortex neurons

Cell Reports 

Walter MH, Verdong A, Schnitzler HU (2020)

Discrimination of small sugar concentration differences helps nectar-feeding bat Leptonycteris yerbabuenae cover energetic demand

J Expl Bio 223 

Götze S, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2020)

High frequency social calls indicate food source defense in foraging Common pipistrelle bats

Sci Reports 10, 5764


Nieder A., Mooney R. (2019) (Review)

The neurobiology of innate, volitional and learned vocalizations in mammals and birds

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Societyof London

Brecht K.F., Hage S. R., Gavrilov N., Nieder A. (2019)

Volitional contol of vocalizations in corvid songbirds

PLoS Biology

Rinnert P., Kirschhock M., Nieder A. (2019)

Neuronal correlates of spatial working memory in the endbrain of crows

Current Biology

Nasr K., Viswanathan P., Nieder A. (2019)

Number detectors spontaneously emerge in a deep neural network designed for visual object recognition

Sciences Advances 5, eaav7903 

Ramirez-Cardenas A., Nieder A. (2019)

Working memory representation of empty sets in primate parietal and   prefrontal cortex

Cortex: 114: 102-114 

Ott T., Nieder A. (2019) (Review)

Dopamine and cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23: 213-234 

Schmidbauer P, Denzinger A  (2019)

Social calls of Myotis nattereri during swarming: Call structure mirrors the difficult behavioral context.

PLOS ONE 14(9),

Geipel I, Steckel J, Schnitzler HU et al (2019)

Bats actively use leaves as specular reflectors to detect acoustically camouflaged prey

Current biology:CB 29(16)


Kutter E.F., Bostroem J., Elger C.E., Mormann F., Nieder A. (2018)

Single neurons in the human brain encode numbers

Neuron 100: 753-761 

Jacob S.N., Hähnke D., Nieder A. (2018)

Structuring of abstract working memory content by fronto-parietal synchrony in primate cortex

Neuron 99: 588-597 

Ditz H.M., Kupferman J.K., Nieder A. (2018)

Neurons in the hippocampus of crows lack responses to non-spatial abstract categories

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience Jul 18; 12-33

Nieder A. (2018)

Primate social communication goes interactive

Neuron 99: 250-253 

Nieder A. (2018)

Ein Sinn für das Nichts (in german)

Gehirn & Geist 8: 54-60 

Nieder A. (2018)

Honey bees zero in on the empty set

Science 360: 1069-1070 

Wagener L., Loconsole M., Ditz H.M., Nieder A. (2018)

Neurons in the endbrain of numerically-naive crows spontaneousely encode visual numerosity

Current Biology 28, 1090-1094 

Ott T., Westendorff S., Nieder A. (2018)

Dopamine reseptors influence internally generated oscillations during rule processind in primate prefontal cortex

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 30: 770-784 

Hartmann K., Veit L., Nieder A. (2018)

Neurons in the crow nidopallium caudolaterale encode varying durations of visiual working memory periods

Experimental Brain Research 236: 215-226 

Wolter S, Moehrle D, Schmidt H, Pfeiffer S, Zelle D, Eckert P, Krämer M, Feil R, Pilz PKD, Knipper M, Rüttiger L.

GC-B Deficient Mice With Axon Bifurcation Loss Exhibit Compromised Auditory Processing.

Front. Neural Circuits, 29 August 2018 |

Denzinger A, Tschapka M, Schnitzler HU (2018)

The role of echolocation strategies for niche differentiation in bats

Can. J. Zool. 96: 171-181

Budenz T, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2018)

Reduction of emission level in approach signals of greater mouse-eared bats (Myotis myotis): No evidence for a closed loop control system for intensity compensation.


Schoeppler D, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A.(2018)

Precise Doppler shift compensation in the hipposiderid bat, Hipposideros armiger

Scientific Reports 8:4598 


Nieder A., (2017) (Review)

Evolution of cognitive and neural solutions enabling numerosity judgements: lessons from primates and corvids

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London - B 373:20160514 

Hannagan T., Nieder A., Viswanathan P., DehaeneS. (2017)

A random-matrix theory of the number sense

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London - B373:201170253 

Gavrilov N., Hage S.R., Nieder A. (2017)

Functional specialization of the primate frontal lobe during cognitive control of vocalizations.

Cell Reports 21, 2393-2406 

Seillier L, Lorenz C, Kawaguchi K, Ott T, Nieder A, Pourriahi P, Nienborg H (2017)
Serotonin decreases the gain of visual responses in awake macaque V1

Journal of Neuroscience 37: 11390-11405 

Viswanathan P., Nieder A (2017)
Comparison of visual receptive fields in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and ventral intraparietal area (VIP) in macaques..

European Journal of Neuroscience 46: 2702-2712 

Brecht K.F., Wagener L., Ostojic L.J. Clayton N.S., Nieder A.
Comparing the face inversion effect in crows and humans.

Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 

Viswanathan P., Nieder A. 
Visual receptive field heterogeneity and functional connectivity of adjacent neurons in primate fronto-parietal association cortices.

Journal of Neuroscience 8919-8928 

Nieder A. (2017)
Number faculty is rooted in our biological heritage.
Trends in cognitive science 21: 403-404 Commentary on: Nunez, R. (2017) Is there really an evolved capacity 

of numbers

Trends Cogn. Sci. 21, 409–424. 

Veit L., Pidpruzhnykova G., Nieder A. 
Learning recruits neurons representing previously established associations in the corvid endbrain.

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 29: 1712-1724 

Nieder A. (2017) (MINI REVIEW)
Magnitude codes for cross-modal working memory in the primate frontal association cortex.

Frontiers in Neuroscience 11:202. (doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00202) 

Nieder A. (2017)
Inside the corvid brain - probing the physiology of cognition in crows

Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 16: 8-14 

Veit L., Hartmann K., Nieder A. (2017)
Spatially-tuned neurons in corvid nidopallium caudolaterale signal target position during visual search.

Cerebral Cortex 27: 1103-1112 

Moll F.W., Nieder A. (2017)
Modality-invariant audio-visuao association coding in crow endbrain neurons.

Neurobiology of Learning & Memory 137:65-76 

Wagener L., Nieder A. 45:267-277
Encoding of global visual motion in the Nidopallium caudolaterale of behaving crows.

European Journal of Neuroscience 45: 267-277 

Walter MH, Schnitzler HU (2017)

Spectral call features provide information about the aggression level of greater mouse-eared bats (Myotis myotis) during agonistic interactions

Bioacoustics, DOI: 10


Hage S.R., Nieder A. [2016] (Review)
Dual neural network model for the evolution of speech and language

Trends in Neuroscience 39: 813-829 

Ditz H.M., Nieder A. [in press]
Sensory and working memory representations of small and large numerosities in the crow endbrain:

Journal of Neuroscience 36(47):12044 –12052 

Jacob S.N., Stalter W.-M., Nieder A. (2016)
Cell-type specific modulation of targets and distractors by dopamine D1 receptors in primate prefrontal cortex.

Nature Communications 7: 13218 

Nieder A.  (REVIEW)
Representing something out of nothing: The dawning of zero.Trends

Cognitive Sciences  20: 830-842 

Nieder A. (2016) (REVIEW)
The neuronal code for number.
Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17: 366-82.

Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17:368-82 

Hage S.R., Gavrilov N., Nieder A. (2016)
Developmental changes of cognitive vocal control in monkeys.
Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 1744-1749

Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 1744-1749 

Ramirez-Cardenas A., Moskaleva, M., Nieder, A. (2016)
Neuronal representation of numerosity zero in the primate parieto-frontal number network.

Current Biology 26: 1285-1294 

Ditz H.M., Nieder A. (2016)
Numerosity representations in crows obey the Weber-Fechner Law.

Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281: 20160083 

Eiselt A.-K., Nieder A. (2016)
Single-cell coding of sensory, spatial and numerical magnitudes in primate prefrontal, premotor and cingulate motor cortices.

Experimental Brain Research 234:241-54 

Steube N, Nowotny M, Pilz PKD and Gaese BH (2016)
Dependence of the Startle Response on Temporal and Spectral Characteristics of Acoustic Modulatory Influences in Rats and Gerbils.
Front. Behav. Neurosci. 10:133. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00133

Götze S, Koblitz JC, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2016)

No evidence for spectral jamming avoidance in echolocation behavior of foraging pipistrelle bats

Scientific Reports 6, 30978

Denzinger A, Kalko EKV, Tschapka M, Grinell A, Schnitzler HU (2016)

Guild structure and niche differentiation in echolocating bats.

Bat bioacoustics, Springer Handbook of auditory research

Gonzalez-Terrazas TP, Koblitz JC, Fleming TH, Medellin RA, Kalko EKV, Schmitzler HU, Tschapka M (2016)

How Nectar-Feeding Bats Localize their Food: Echolocation Behavior of Leptonycteri yerbabuenae Approaching Cactus Flowers

PLoS ONE 11(9)


Apfelbach R, Soini HA, Vasilieva NY, Novotny MV. (2015)
Behavioral responses of predator-naïve dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli) to odor cues of the European ferret fed with different prey species.
Physiology & Behavior 146, 57-66;pii: S0031-9384(15)00209-7. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.04.014.

Apfelbach R, Parsons MH, Soini HA, Novotny MV (2015)
Are single odorous components of a predator sufficient to elicit defensive behaviors in prey species?
Front Neurosci. 2015 Jul 29;9:263. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2015.00263. eCollection 2015. Review.

Carter G, Schoeppler D, Manthey M, Knoernschild M and Dennzinger A (2015)
Distress calls of a fast-flying bat M.molossus provoke inspection flights but not cooperative mobbing
PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136146. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136146

Ditz H.M., Nieder A. (2015)
Neurons selective to the number of visual items in the corvid songbird endbrain.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 112: 7827-7832 

Hage S.R., Nieder A (2015)
Audio-vocal interaction in single neurons of the monkey ventrolateral prefrontal cortex.

Journal of Neuroscience 35: 7030-7040 

Moll F.W., Nieder A. (2015)
Cross-modal associative mnemonic signals in crow endbrain neurons.
Current Biology 25: 2196-2201

Current Biology 25: 2196-2201 

Siebert AM, Koblitz J C, Denzinger A and Schnitzler H-U (2015)
Bidirectional echolocation in the bat b. barbastellus: different signals of low source level are emitted upward through the nose ansd downward through the mouth.
PLoS ONE 10(9): e0135590. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.013559

Viswanathan, P., Nieder A (2015)
Differential impact of behavioral relevance on quantity coding in primate frontal and parietal neurons.

Current Biology 25: 1259 -1269 

Veit L., Pidpruzhnykova G., Nieder A. (2015)
Associative learning rapidly establishes neuronal representations of upcoming behavioral choices in crows.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 112: 15208 - 15213 

Hafner J, Dietz C, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2015)

Das Echoverhalten der Nymphenfledermaus Myotis alcathoe

Tagungsband Verbreitung und Ökologie der Nymphenfledermaus. Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt 2015, 

Baumann-Pickering S, Roch MA, Wiggins SM, Schnitzler HU, Holdebrand JA (2015)

Acoustic behavior of melon-heades whales varies on a diel cycle

Behav Ecol Sociobiol 69 (9)

Haffner J, Dietz C, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2015)
Das Echoortungsverhalten der Nymphenfledermaus Myotis alcathoe.
In: Verbreitung und Ökologie der Nymphenfledermaus – Umweltspezial Ed: Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, Augsburg, pp 27-34

Denzinge A, Tschapka M, Kalko EKV, Grinell AD and Schnitzler HU (20016)

Guild structure and niche differentiation in echolocating bats

Bat Bioacoustics, Springer Handbool of Auditory Research


Moll F., Nieder A. (2014)
The long and the short of it: Rule-based relative length discrimination in carrion crows, Corvus corone.

Behavioural Processes 107: 142 - 149 

Ott, T., Jacob S.N., Nieder A (2014)
Dopamine receptors differentially enhance rule coding in primate prefrontal cortex neurons.

Neuron 84: 1317 - 1328 

Jacob S.N., Nieder A (in press)
Complementary roles for primate frontal and parietal cortex in guarding working memory from distractor stimuli.

Neuron 83: 226 - 237

Veit L., Hartmann K., Nieder A. (2014)
Neuronal correlates of visual working memory in the corvid endbrain.

Journal of Neuroscience 34: 7778 - 7786 

Eiselt A.-K, Nieder A (2014)

Rule-activity related to spatial and numerical magnitudes: Comparison of prefrontal, premotor and cingulated motor cortices.

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 26: 1000-1012 

Moskaleva M, Nieder A (2014)
Stable numerosity representations irrespective of magnitude context in macaque prefrontal cortex.

European Journal of Neuroscience 39: 866 - 867 
Pilz PKD, Arnold SW, Rischawy AT and Plappert CF (2014)
Longterm-habituation of the startle response in mice is stimulus modality, but not context specific.
Front. Integr. Neurosci. 7:103. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2013.00103

Pirone A, Kurt S, Zuccotti A, Rüttiger L, Pilz P, Brown D, Franz C, Schweizer M, Rust M, Rübsamen R, Friauf E, Knipper M, Engel J (2014)
alpha2delta3 is essential for normal structure and function of auditory nerve synapses and is a novel candidate for auditory processing disorders.
J. Neuroscience 4:434-45

Hage SR, Ott T, Eiselt AK, Jacob SN, Nieder A (2014)
Ethograms indicate stable well-being during prolonged training phases in rhesus monkeys used in neurophysiological research.

Laboratory Animals 48 (1) 82 - 87 

Saendig S, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2014)

Echolocation behviour of the big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus) in an obstacle avoidance task of increasing difficulty

Journal of  Exp. Biol 217: 2876-2884


Typlt M, Mirkowski M, Azzopardi E, Ruth P, Pilz PKD, Schmid S (2013)
Habituation of reflexive and motivated behaviour in mice with deficient BK channel function.
Frontiers in Integr. Neurosci. 7: DOI=10.3389/fnint.2013.00079

Hage SR, Gavrilov N, Salomon F, Stein AM (2013)
Temporal vocal features suggest different call pattern generating mechanisms in mice and bats.
BMC Neuroscience, 14, 99

Hage SR and Nieder A (2013)
Single neurons in monkey prefrontal cortex encode volitional initiation of vocalizations.
Nature Communications 4, 2409

Hage SR, Gavrilov N, Nieder A (2013)
Cognitive control of distinct vocalizations in rhesus monkeys.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 25(10) 1692-1701

Denzinger A and Schnitzler HU (2013)
Batguilds,a concept to classify the highly diverse foraging and echolocation behaviors of microchiropteran bats
Frontiers in Physiol 4/164:1-15

Eiselt A.-K., Nieder A. (2013)
Representation of abstract quantitative rules applied to spatial and numerical magnitudes in primate prefrontal cortex.
Journal of Neuroscience 33:7526 –7534

Hage SR and Metzner W (2013)
Potenitial effects of anthropogenic noise on echolocation behavior in horseshoe bats
Communicative & Integrative Biology 6:4, e24753

Schmitt A., Turck CW, Pilz PK, Malchow B, von Wilmsdorff M, Falkai P, Martins-de-Souza D (2013)
Proteomic similarities between heterozygous Reeler mice and Schizophrenia
Biol. Psychiatry 74:e5-e10.

Hage SR, Jiang T, Berquist S, Feng J & Metzner W (2013)
Ambient noise induces independent shifts in call frequency and amplitude within the Lombard effect in echolocating bats.
PNAS 110(10) 4063-4068

Hage SR (2013)
Audio-vocal interactions during vocal communication in squirrel monkeys and their neurobiological implications
J.Com. Physiol. A 199(7) 663-668

Jacob* S.N., Ott* T., Nieder A. (2013)

Dopamine regulates two classes of primate prefrontal neurons that represent sensory signals.

Journal of Neuroscience 33: 13724-34. (*shared first authorship)

Plappert C.F, Pilz P.K.D. (2013)
Startle behavior and prepulse inhibition
in:W.E.Crusio, F.Sluyter, R.T.Gerlai, S.Pietropaolo, eds. Behavioral Genetics of the Mouse, Vol. 1, 171-178.

Merten K., Nieder A. (2013)
Comparison of abstract decision encoding in the monkey prefrontal cortex, the presupplementary and cingulate motor areas.
Journal of Neurophysiology 110: 19–32.

Nieder A. (2013) [REVIEW]
Coding of abstract quantity by 'number neurons' of the primate brain.
Journal of Comparative Physiology A 199: 1-16.

Seibert AM, Koblitz J C, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2013)
Scanning Behavior in Echolocating Common Pipistrelle Bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus)

PLOS ONE April 2013;Vol. 8; Issue 4; e60752

Viswanathan P. and Nieder A. (2013)

Neuronal correlates of a visual 'sense of number' in primate parietal and prefrontal cortices.

PNAS 110: 11187–11192


Kobayasi K, Hage SR, Berquist S, Feng J & Metzner W (2012) Behavioral and neurobiological implications of linear and non-linear features in larynx phonations of horseshoe bats
Nature communications 3:1184 DOI:10.1038/ncomms2165

Jacob S.N., Vallentin D., Nieder A. (2012) [REVIEW]
Relating magnitudes: the brain's code for proportions
Trends in Cogn. Sciences 16: 157-166 (PDF)

Merten K., Nieder A. (2012)
Active encoding of decisions about stimulus absence in primate prefrontal cortex neurons.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109: 6289-6294 (PDF)

Nieder A. (2012)
Supramodal numerosity selectivity of neurons in primate prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109: 11860-5 (PDF)

Nieder A. (2012) [REVIEW]
Coding of abstract quantity by 'number neurons' of the primate brain.
J. Comp. Physiol. A Oct. 10 Epub (PDF)

Siemers B, Kriner E, Kaipf I, Simon M and Greif S (2012)
Bats eavesdrop on the sound of copulating flies
Cur. Biol. 11(14)

Stilz P, Schnitzler H-U. (2012)
Estimation of the acoustic range of bat ecolocation for extended targets
J. Acoust. Soc. Am 132/3:1765-1775

Thong VD, Denzinger A, Dietz C, Bates PJJ, Furey NM, Racey PA, Schnitzler HU (submitted):
Coelops frithii, a hipposiderid bat with a specialized echolocation system.
Proc. R. Soc. B.

Thong, VD, Dietz C, Denzinger A, Bates PJJ, Puechmaille SJ, Callou C, Schnitzler HU (2012)
Resolving a mammal mystery: the identity of Paracoelops megalotis (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae)
Zootaxa 3505: 75-85

Thong VD, Puechmaille SJ, Denzinger A, Dietz C, Csorba G, Bates PJJ, Teeling EC, Schnitzler HU (2011)
A new species of Hipposideros (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from Vietnam.
Journal Mamm.93:1-11

Thong VD, Puechmaille SJ, Denzinger A, Bates PJJ, Dietz C, Csorba G, Soisook P, Teeling EC, Matsumura S, Furey NM, Schnitzler HU (2011)
Systematics of the Hipposideros turpis complex with a description of a new subspecies from Vietnam.
Mamm. Review 42:166-192

Vallentin D., Bongard S, Nieder A. (2012)
Numerical rule coding in the prefrontal, premotor and posterior parietal cortices of macaques.
J. Neurosc. 32: 6621– 6630 [PDF]

Koblitz JC Wahlberg M, Stilz P, Madsen P, Beedholm K, Schnitzler HU (2012)

Asymmetry and dynamics of a narrow sonar beam in echolocating harbour porpoise

Journal of the Acoustic Society of America


Hoffmann A., Rüttler V., Nieder A. (2011)
Ontogeny of object permanence and object tracking in the Carrion crow (Corvus corone).
Animal Behaviour 82: 359-367

Koblitz J, Wahlberg M, Stilz P, Madsen P, Beedholm K, Schnitzler HU (2011)
Asymmetry and dynamics of a narrow sonar beam in an echolocating harbour porpoise.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (in press)

Koblitz J, Stilz P, Pflästerer W, Melcón ML, Schnitzler HU (2011)
Source level reduction and sonar beam aiming in landing big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus).
J Acoust Soc Am 130:3090-3099

Koselj K, Schnitzler HU, Siemers BM. (2011)
Horseshoe bats make adaptive prey selection decisions, informed by echo cues.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2793

Melcón ML, Yovel Y, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2011)
How greater mouse-eared bats deal with ambiguous echoic scenes.
J Comp Physiol A 197:505-514

Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2011)
Auditory fovea and Doppler shift compensation: adaptations for flutter detection in echolocating bats using CF-FM signals.
J Comp Physiol A 197:541-559

Thong VD, Dietz C, Denzinger A, Bates PJJ, Furey NM, Csorba G, Hoye G, Thuy LD, Schnitzler HU (2011)
Further records of Murina tiensa from Vietnam with first information on its echolocation calls.
Hystrix It J Mamm 22:129-138

Yovel Y, Franz MO, Stilz P, Schnitzler HU (2011)
Complex echo classification by echo-locating bats.
J Comp Physiol A 197:475-490

Franz MO, Yovel Y, Melcon ML, Stilz P, Schnitzler HU (2011)

Systematische Merkmalsbewertung in komplexen Ultraschallsignalen mit Lernmaschinen

Gesellschaft für Informatik, Digitale Bibliothek

Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2011)

"Ehrlichkeit" in der akustischen Kommunikation bei Tieren

In. Klsinski G, Tarnen, Täuschen -Lügen, Attempto Verlag Tübingen


Baumann-Pickering S, Wiggins SM, Hildebrand JA, Roch MA, Schnitzler HU (2010)
Discriminating features of echolocation clicks of melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra), bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), and Gray's spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris longirostris). J Acoust Soc Amer 128 (4):2212-2224

Baumann-Pickering S, Wiggins SM, Roth EH, Roch MA, Schnitzler HU, Hildebrand JA (2010)
Echolocation signals of a beaked whale at Palmyra Atoll.
J Acoust Soc Amer 127: 3790-3799

Bongard S., Nieder A. (2010)
Basic mathematical rules are encoded by primate prefrontal cortex neurons.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107: 2277-2282

Clarin T, Sandhu S, Apfelbach R (2010)
Odor detection and odor discrimination in subadult and adult rats for two enantiomeric odorants supported by c-fos data.
Behav. Brain Res., 206, 229-235

Diester I., Nieder A. (2010)
Numerical values leave a semantic imprint on associated signs in monkeys.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 22: 174–18

Koblitz JC, Stilz P, Schnitzler HU (2010)
Source levels of echolocation signals vary in correlation with wingbeat cycle in landing big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus).
J Experim Biol 213: 3263-3268

Tudusciuc O, Nie
der A. (2010)
Comparison of length judgments and the Müller-Lyer illusion in monkeys and humans.
Experimental Brain Research 207: 221-31.

Vallentin D., Nieder A. (2010)
Representations of visual proportions in the primate posterior parietal and prefrontal cortices.
European Journal of Neuroscience 32: 1380-1387


Gaese BH, Nowotny M, Pilz PK. (2009).
Acoustic startle and prepulse inhibition in the Mongolian gerbil.
Physiol Behav. 2009, 98:460-6

Fooks AR, Johnson N, Müller T, Vos A, Mansfield K, Hicks D, Nunez A, Freudling C, Kaipf I, Denzinger A, Franka R, Rupprecht CE (2009)
Detection of high levels of European bat lyssavirus Type-1 viral RNA in the thyroid gland of experimentally infected Eptesicus fuscus bats.
Zoonoses Public Health. 56: 270–277

Freuling C, Vos A, Johnson N, Kaipf I, Denzinger A, Neubert L, Mansfield K, Hicks D, Nuez A, Tordo N, Rupprecht C, Fooks AR, Müller T (2009)
Experimental infection of Serotine bats (Eptesicus serotinus) with European bat lyssavirus type 1a (EBLV-1a).
Journal of General Virology 90:2493-2502

Jacob S.N., Nieder A. (2009)
Tuning to non-symbolic proportions in the human frontoparietal cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience 30:1432-42

Jacob S.N., Nieder A. (2009)
Notation-independent representation of fractions in the human parietal cortex.
Journal of Neuroscience 29: 4652– 4657

Merten K., Nieder A. (2009)
Compressed scaling of abstract numerosity representations in adult humans and monkeys.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience: 21: 333-346

Melcón ML, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger,A (2009)
Variability of the approach phase of landing echolocating Greater Mouse-eared bats.
J Comp Physiol A 195:69-77

Nieder, A. (2009)
Prefrontal cortex and the evolution of symbolic reference. (Review)
Current Opinion in Neurobiology 19: 99-108

Nieder, A., Dehaene, S. (2009)
Representation of number in the brain. (Review)
Annual Review in Neuroscience 32:185-208

Sümer S, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2009)
Spatial unmasking in the echolocating Big Brown Bat, Eptesicus fuscus.
J Comp Physiol A 195:463-472

Tudusciuc O., Nieder A.(2009)
Contributions of primate prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices to length and numerosity representation.
Journal of Neurophysiology 101: 2984-94

Verfuss UK, Miller LA, Pilz, PKD, Schnitzler HU (2009)
How porpoises track prey with echolocation.
J Experim Biol 212:I-II

Verfuss UK, Miller LA, Pilz PK, Schnitzler HU. (2009).
Echolocation by two foraging harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena).
J Exp Biol. 212:823-34.

Yovel Y, Melcón ML, Franz MO, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2009).
The voice of bats: How greater mouse-eared bats recognize individuals based on their echolocation calls.
PLoS Comput Biol 5(6): e1000400.doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000400

Yovel Y, Stilz P, Franz MO, Boonman A, Schnitzler HU (2009)
What does a plant sound like? The statistics of natural plant echoes as received by echolocating bats.
PLoS Comput Biol 5(7): e1000429.doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000429

Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2009)

Neuroethology of biosonar systems in bats

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience Part 14

Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2009)

Neuroethology of biosonar systems in bats

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Part 14, Springer Verlag Heidelberg


Diester I., Nieder A. (2008)
Complementary contributions of prefrontal neuron classes in abstract numerical categorization.
Journal of Neuroscience 28: 7737-7747

Jacob, S.N., Nieder, A. (2008)
The ABCs of cardinal and ordinal number representations.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12:41-43

Johnson N, Vos A, Neubert L, Freudling C, Mansfield KL, Kaipf I, Denzinger A, Hicks D, Núnez A, Franka R, Rupprecht CE, Müller T, Fooks A (2008)
Experimental study of European bat lyssavirus type-2 infection in Daubenton’s bats (Myotis daubentonii).
J Gen Virol 89:2662-2672

Kobayasi K, Hage SR, Ma, J & Metzner W (2008)
Vocal motor control in horseshoe bats a bottom-up approach.
J Acoust Soc Am 123: 3205

Stables LG, McGregor IS, Apfelbach R, Hunt GE. (2008)
Cat odor, but not trimethylthiazoline (fox odor), activates accessory olfactory and defense-related brain regions in rats.
Neurosci., 151, 937-947

Vallentin D., Nieder A. (2008)
Behavioural and prefrontal representation of spatial proportions in the monkey.
Current Biology 18: 1420-1425

Yovel Y, Franz MO, Stilz P, Schnitzler HU (2008)
Plant Classification from Bat-Like Echolocation Signals PLoS Computational Biology" (Band 4, DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000032)

Thong VD, Dietz C, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A, Furey NM, Borissenko A, Bates PJJ (2008)

First record of Hipposideros khaokhaouayensis from Vietnam

Journal of Science, Hanoi National University of Education

Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A (2008)

Die Stimmen der Natur

In: Geissner HK Das Phänomen Stimme: Natürliche Veranlagung und kulturelle Formung


Diester I., Nieder A.(2007)
Semantic associations between signs and numerical categories in the prefrontal cortex.
PloS Biology 5: 2684-2695.

Jürgens U & Hage SR (2007)
On the role of the reticular formation in vocal pattern generation.
Behav Brain Res 182: 308-314

Melcón ML, Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2007)
Aerial hawking and landing: approach behaviour in Natterer's bats, Myotis nattereri (Kuhl 1818).
J Exp Biol 210:4457-4464

Mohr D, Pilz PK, Plappert CF, Fendt M. (2007).
Accumbal dopamine D2 receptors are important for sensorimotor gating in C3H mice.
Neuroreport 18:1493-7

Nieder A., Merten K. (2007)
A labeled-line code for small and large numerosities in the monkey prefrontal cortex.
Journal of Neuroscience 27: 5986-5993

Schaub A, Schnitzler HU (2007a)
Echolocation behavior of the bat Vespertilio murinus reveals the border between the habitat types "edge" and "open space".
Behav Ecol Sociobiol 61:513-523.

Schaub A, Schnitzler HU.
Flight and echolocation behaviour of three vespertilionid bat species while commuting on flyways (2007b)
J Comp Physiol A 193:1185-1194.

Tudusciuc O., Nieder A.(2007)
Neuronal population coding of continuous and discrete quantity in the primate posterior parietal cortex.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA104: 14513-14518

Vos A, Kaipf I, Denzinger A, Fooks T, Johnson N. Müller T (2007)
European Bat Lyssaviruses – an ecological enigma.
Acta Chiropterologica 9(1):283-296


Dietrich S, Zaum DP, Kiefer A, Schnitzler H-U, Denzinger A (2006)
Echolocation signals by the plecotine bat, Plecotus macrobullaris.
Acta Chiropt 8:465-475.

Gotz, T., U.K. Verfuss, and H.U. Schnitzler (2006)
'Eavesdropping' in wild rough-toothed dolphins (Steno bredanensis)?
Biology Letters, 2006. 2(1): p. 5-7.

Hage SR & Jürgens U (2006)
Localization of a vocal pattern generator in the pontine brainstem of the squirrel monkey.
Eur J Neurosci 23: 840-844

Hage SR & Jürgens U (2006)
On the role of the pontine brainstem in vocal pattern generation. A telemetric single-unit recording study in the squirrel monkey.
J Neurosci 26: 7105-7115

Hage SR, Jürgens U & Ehret G (2006)
Audio-vocal interaction in the pontine brainstem during self-initiated vocalization in the squirrel monkey.
Eur J Neurosci 23: 3297-3307

Jürgens U & Hage SR (2006)
Telemetric recording of neuronal activity.
Methods 38: 195-201

Nieder A., Diester I., Tudusciuc O. (2006)
Temporal and spatial enumeration processes in the primate parietal cortex.
Science313: 1431-1435.

Plappert, C. F., Kuhn, S., Schnitzler, H.-U., Pilz, P. K. D. (2006).
Prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response in mice increases by experience: indication for an involved associative process.
Behavioral Neuroscience, 120, 16-23 (PDF)

Plappert, C. F., Schachner, M. & Pilz, P. K. D. (2006).
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) null mice show impaired sensitization of the startle response.
Genes, Brain & Behav., 5, 46-52

Thies W, Kalko E K V, Schnitzler H U (2006)
Influence of environment and resource availability on activity of Carollia castanea (Phyllostomidae) in Panama. Journal of Mammalogy 87, 331-338

Simons-Weidenmaier N, Weber W, Plappert CF, Pilz PKD, Schmid S (2006).
Synaptic depression and short-term habituation are located in the sensory part of the mammalian startle pathway.
BMC Neuroscience, 7:38, 1-13.

Suthers RA, Narins PM, Lin W, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A, Xu C, Feng AS (2006)
Voices of the Dead: Complex Nonlinear Vocal Signals from the Larynx of an Ultrasonic Frog.
J Exp Biol 209:4984-4993.

Weiler E, Deutsch S, Apfelbach R. (2006)
Combined behavioral and c-Fos studies elucidate the vital role of sodium for odor detection
Chem. Senses, 31, 641-647

Plappert CF, Kuhn S, Schnitzler HU, Pilz PKD (2006)

Experience increases the prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response in mice

Behav Neurosience 120: 16-23

Fendt M, Schwienbacher I, Schnitzler HU (2006)

Carbachol injections into the nucleus accumbens induce 50 kHz calls in rats

Neuroscience Letters 2, 5-7

Schwienbacher I, Schnitzler HU, Westbrook RF, Richardson R, Fendt M (2006)

Carbachol injections into the nucleus accumbens disrupt acquisition and expression of fear-potentiated startle and freezing in rats

Neuroscience 140, 769-778

Schnitzler HU (2006)

Das Singen der Vögel

In: Das Phänomen der Stimme: Imitation und Identität


Apfelbach R, Blanchard CD, Blanchard RJ, Hayes RA, McGregor IS. (2005)
The effect of predator odors in mammalian prey species: a review of field and laboratory studies.
Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 29, 1123-1144

Boonman A, Schnitzler HU (2005)
Frequency modulation patterns in the echolocation signals of two vespertilionid bats.
J Comp Physiol A 191:13-21

Endres T, Apfelbach R, Fendt M. (2005)
Behavioral changes induced in rats by exposure to trimethylthiazoline, a component of fox odor.
Behav. Neurosci., 119, 1004-1010

Fend M, Endres T, Lowry CA, Apfelbach R, McGregor IS. (2005)
TMT-induced autonomic and behavioural changes and the neural basis of its processing.
Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 29, 1145-1156

Hölscher, C., Schmid, S., Pilz, P. K. D., Sansig, G, van der Putten, H., and Plappert, C. F. (2005).
Lack of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 7 selectively modulates theta rhythm and working memory.
Learning & Memory, 12, 450-455

Laska M, Fendt M, Wieser A, Endres T, Hernandez Salazar LT, Apfelbach R. (2005)
Detecting danger – or just another odorant ? Olfactory sensitivity for the fox odor component 2,4,5-trimethylthiazoline in four species of mammals.
Physiol Behav., 84, 211-215

Nieder, A. (2005)
Counting on neurons: The neurobiology of numerical competence. (Review)
Nature Reviews Neuroscience 6:177-190

Plappert, C. F. & Pilz, P. K. D. (2005).
Long-term habituation of the startle response in mice evoked by acoustic and tactile stimuli.
Behavioural Brain Research, 162, 307-310

Plappert, C. F., Rodenbücher, A., Pilz, P. K. D. (2005).
Effects of sex and estrous cycle on the acoustic startle response in mice.
Physiology & Behavior, 84(4), 585-594

Plappert, C. F., Schachner, M. & Pilz, P. K. D. (2005).
Neural cell adhesion molecule-null mutant mice are not deficient in prepulse inhibition of the startle response.
NeuroReport 16, 1009-1012

Schnitzler HU, Moss CF, Denzinger A (2003)
From spatial orientation to food acquisition in echolocating bats.
Trends Ecol Evol 18:386-394

Siemers BM, Baur E, Schnitzler H-U (2005)
Acoustical mirror effect increases prey detection distance in trawling bats.
Naturwissenschaften 92: 272-276

Soini HA, Wiesler D, Apfelbach R, König P, Vasilieva NY, Novotny MV (2005)
Comparative investigation of the volatile urinary profiles in different Phodopus hamster species
J. Chem. Ecol., 31, 1125-1143

Tovote, P., Meyer, M., Pilz, P. K. D., Ronnenberg, A., Ögren, S. V., Spiess, J., & Stiedl, O. (2005).
Dissociation of temporal dynamics of heart rate and blood pressure response elicited by conditioned fear but not acoustic startle.
Behavioral Neuroscience, 119, 55-65

Verfuß, U. K., Miller, L.A. and Schnitzler, H.-U.(2005)
Spatial orientation in echolocating harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena)
J. Exp. Biol. 208, 3385-3394

Schulz-Klaus B, Fendt M. Schnitzler HU (2005)

Temporary inactivation of the rostral perirhinal cortex induces an anxiolytic-like effect on the elevated plus-maze and on the yohimbine-enhanced startle response

Behavioural Brain Research 163, 168-173

Schweimer J, Fendt M, Schnitzler HU (2005)

Effects of clonidine injections into the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis on fear and anxiety behavior in rats

Eur J Pharmacol 507: 117-124

Schwienbacher I, Fendt M, Schnitzler HU (2005)

Amphetamine injections into the nucleus accumbens affect neighter acquisition/expression on the conditioned fear nor baseline startle response

Exp Brain Research 160, 538-544


Kraemer S, Apfelbach R (2004)
Olfactory sensitivty, learning and cognition in young adult and aged male Wistar rats
Physiol. Behav., 81, 435-442

McGregor IS, Hargreaves GA, Apfelbach R, Hunt GE.(2004)
Neural correlates of cat odor-induced anxiety in rats: regionspecific effects of the benzodiazepine midazolam
J. Neurosci., 24, 4134-4144 (2004).

Narins PM, Feng AS, Lin WY, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A, Suthers RA, Xu CH (2004)
Old World frog and bird, vocalizations contain prominent ultrasonic harmonics.
J Acoust Soc Am 115:910-913

Nieder, A. (2004)
The number domain- can we count on parietal cortex?
Neuron 44:407-409

Nieder A., Miller E.K. (2004)
A parieto-frontal network for visual numerical information in the monkey.
Proc.Nat.Ac.Sc.USA 101: 7457-7462.

Nieder A., Miller E.K. (2004)
Analog numerical representations in Rhesus monkeys: Evidence for parallel processing.
J.Cogn. Neurosc.16: 889-901.

Siemers BM, Schnitzler HU (2004)
Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species.
Nature 429:657-661

Plappert CF, Pilz PKD, Schnitzler HU (2004)

Factors governing prepulse inhibition and prepulse facilitation of the acoustic startle response in mice

Behavior Brain Research 152: 403-412

Schulz B, Fendt M, Richardson R, Schnitzler HU (2004)

Temporary inactivation of the perirhinal cortex by muscimol injections block acquisition and expression of fear-potentiated startle

Eur J Neuroscience 19, 713-720

Schwienbacher I, Fendt M, Schnitzler HU (2004)

Temporary inactivation of the nucleus accumbens disrupts acquisition and expression of fear-potentiated startle in rats

Brain Research 1027: 87-93

Denzinger A, Schnitzler HU (2004)

Perceptual tasks in echolocating bats

In: Dynamic Perception. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin

Schnitzler HU, Kalko EKV, Denzinger A (2004)

Evolution of echolocation and foraging behavior in bats

In: Echolocation in bats and dolphins. University of Chicago Press


Ehret G, Egorova M, Hage SR & Müller BA (2003)
Spatial map of frequency tuning-curve shapes in the mouse inferior colliculus.
Neuroreport 14: 1365-1369

Fendt M, Endres T, Apfelbach R. (2003)
Temporary inactivation of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis but not of the amygdala blocks freezing induced by Trimethylthiazoline, a component of fox feces.
J. Neurosci., 23, 23-28

Hage SR & Ehret G (2003)
Mapping responses to frequency sweeps and tones in the inferior colliculus of house mice.
Eur J Neurosci 18: 2301-2312

Kirner A, Deutsch S, Weiler E,Polak EH, Apfelbach R. (2003)
Concanavalin A application to the olfactory epithelium reveals different sensory neuron populations for the odour pair D- and L-carvone.
Behav. Brain. Res., 138, 201-206

Nieder A. (2003)
Interrelation of kinetic and stereoscopic depth: behavior and physiology in vertebrates.
Behav. Processes 64: 13-16

Nieder A. (2003)
Stereoscopic vision: Solving the corresponcence problem.
Current Biol. 13: R394-6

Nieder A., Miller E.K. (2003)
Coding of cognitive magnitude: Compressed scaling of numerical information in the primate prefrontal cortex.
Neuron 37: 149-157.

Miller E.K., Nieder A., Freedman D.J., Wallis J. (2003)
Neural correlates of categories and concepts.
Current Opinion in Neurobiol.13:198-203.

Schnitzler HU, Moss CF, Denzinger A (2003)
From spatial orientation to food acquisition in echolocating bats.
Trends Ecol Evol 18:386-394

Schmid S, Simons NS, Schnitzler HU (2003)

Cellular mechanisms of the trigeminally evoked startle response

Eur J Neuroscience 17: 1438-1444


Baier, Carolin (2002)
Lautstruktur und Flugverhalten bei Orientierungsreaktionen der Grossen Hufeisennase (Rhinolphus ferrumequinum) im Labor.
Zulassungsarbeit Fakultät Biologie, Univ. Tübingen

Nieder A. (2002)
Seeing more than meets the eye: Processing of illusory contours in animals.
J. Comp.Phys A 188: 249-260

Nieder A., Freedman D.J., Miller E.K. (2002)
Representation of the quantity of visual items in the primate prefrontal cortex
Science 297: 1708-1711.

Sümer, Susan (2002)
Die Winkelabhängigkeit der Vorwärtsmaskierung bei Eptesicus fuscus
Diplomarbeit Fakultät Biologie, Univ. Tübingen

Verfuß, U. K. and Schnitzler, H.-U. (2002).
Untersuchungen zum Echoortungsverhalten der Schweinswale (Phocoena phocoena) als Grundlage für Schutzmaßnahmen.
Federal Agency of Nature Conservation: R+D-project FKZ-Nr. 898 86 021, Final report, Universität Tübingen, Tierphysiologie.


Denzinger A, Siemers BM, Schaub A, Schnitzler HU (2001)
Echolocation by the barbastelle bat, Barbastella barbastellus.
J Comp Physiol,A 187:521-528

Engelhart A, Behnisch P, Hagenmaier H, Apfelbach R. (2001)
PCBs and their putative effects on polecat (Mustela putorius) populations in central Europe.
Toxicology and Environmental Safety, 48, 178-182

Klump G.M., Nieder A. (2001)
Release from masking in fluctuating background noise is represented in a songbird's auditory forebrain.
Neuroreport 12: 1825-1829.

Nieder A., Klump G.M. (2001)
Signal detection in amplitude-modulated maskers: II. Processing in the songbird's auditory forebrain.
Europ.J. Neurosc.13: 1033-1044
---accompanying behavioral study by U. Langemann

Nieder A., Wagner H. (2001)
Hierarchical processing of horizontal-disparity information in the visual forebrain of behaving owls.
J. Neuosc.21: 4514-4522.

Nieder A., Wagner H. (2001)
Encoding of both vertical and horizontal disparity in random-dot stereograms by wulst neurons of awake barn owls.
Visual Neucosc. 18: 541-547

Schnitzler HU, Kalko EKV (2001)
Echolocation by insect-eating bats.
Bioscience 51:557-569

Siemers BM, Dietz C, Nill D, Schnitzler HU (2001)
Myotis daubentonii is able to catch small fish.
Acta Chiropterologica 3:71-75

Siemers BM, Stilz P, Schnitzler HU (2001)
The acoustic advantage of hunting at low heights above water: behavioural experiments on the European 'trawling' bats Myotis capaccinii, M. dasycneme and M. daubentonii.
J Exp Biol 204:3843-3854

Siemers BM, Kalko EKV, Schnitzler HU (2001)
Echolocation behavior and signal plasticity in the Neotropical bat Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821) (Vespertilionidae): a convergent case with European species of Pipistrellus?
Behav Ecol Sociobiol 50:317-328

Müller R, Schnitzler HU (2001)

Computational assessment of an acoustic flow hypothesis for cf-bats

In: Computational models of auditory function


Langeheinecke, Esther (2000)
Guidance Behaviour and Orienting Reaction in Commuting Greater Horseshoe Bats (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) Dissertation Fakultät Biologie, Univ. Tübingen

Müller R, Schnitzler HU (2000)
Acoustic flow perception in cf-bats: extraction of parameters.
J Acoust Soc Am 108:1298-1307

Nieder A. (2000)
Miniature stereo radio transmitter for simultaneous recording of multiple single-neuron signals from behaving owls.
J. Neuorsc.Methods 101: 157-164

Nieder A., Wagner H. (2000)
Horizontal-disparity tuning of neurons in the visual forebrain of the behaving barn owl.
Journal of Neurophysiology 83: 2967-2979.

Siemers BM, Schnitzler HU (2000)
Natterer's bat (Myotis nattereri, Kuhl, 1818) hawks for prey close to vegetation using echolocation signals of very broad bandwidth.
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Predator odour and its impact on male fertility and reproduction in Phodopus campbelli hamsters.
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