Junior Research Group:
“Co-evolution of tool-use and language”

The Junior Research Group of the DFG Center for Advanced studies was established in 2021 with Dr. Alexandros Karakostis as its leader. It is dedicated to exploring the evolutionary interplay between hominin stone tool-use and language. In order to do so, we are developing a novel and multi-disciplinary experimental approach for identifying patterns of brain-hand coordination during stone tool use and/or communication. Our methodological toolkit integrates methods of experimental archaeology, biomechanics, and electroencephalography (EEG).


Dr. Alexandros Karakostis is a Paleoanthropologist specialized in biomechanics, the evolution of the hominin hand, as well as forensic anthropology. His interdisciplinary research activities have led to the development of experimentally validated methods for reconstructing habitual behavior in the past.

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Fotios_Karakostis

Selective Publications
  1. Karakostis, F. A. and Harvati, K. New horizons in reconstructing past human behavior: Introducing the “Tübingen University Validated Entheses‐based Reconstruction of Activity” method. Evolutionary Anthropology DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21892
  2. Karakostis, F. A., Lorenzo, C. (2016). Morphometric patterns among the 3D surface areas of human hand entheses. American journal of Physical Anthropology, 160, 694-707.
  3. Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Scherf, H., Wahl, J., Harvati, K. (2017). Occupational manual activity is reflected on the patterns among hand entheses. American journal of Physical Anthropology, 164, 30–40.
  4. Karakostis, F. A., Jeffery, N. Harvati, K. (2019). Experimental proof that multivariate patterns among muscle attachments (entheses) can reflect repetitive muscle use. Scientific Reports, 9, 16577.
  5. Karakostis, F. A. Wallace, I., Konow, I., Harvati, K. (2019). Experimental evidence that physical activity affects the multivariate associations among muscle attachments (entheses). Journal of Experimental Biology, 222, 213058.
  6. Karakostis, F. A., Hauefle D., Anastopoulou, I., Moraitis, K., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. Biomechanics of the thumb and the evolution of human dexterity. Current Biology DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.12.041
  7. Karakostis, F. A., Hotz, G., Tourloukis, V., Harvati, K. (2018). Evidence of precision grasping in Neandertal daily activities. Science Advances, 4, eaat2369.
  8. Harvati, K., Röding, C., Bosman A., Karakostis F. A., Grün R., Stringer, C. et al. (2019). Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia. Nature, 571, 500-504.