Resources and Processes of Social Change
Project division A. DEVELOPMENTS concentrates on diachronic studies about the role of resources in processes of social and cultural change.
The focus will be on historical situations in which access to raw materials and natural products was granted locally, regionally or continuously through established ways of distribution.
The thematic key aspects of the case studies will be questions addressing resources and the emergence of hierarchies in prehistoric Europe, as well as resource use and the formation of states in the ancient Near East and the Mediterranean.
Cultural Entanglements in the Lower Guadalquivir - Interacting ResourceCultures and Socio-Cultural Change in the South of the Iberian Peninsula
The project focuses on long-term developments of resource cultures in the south of the Iberian Peninsula. In the first phase, resources and resource complexes of the Chalcolithic in the coastal area, which is favourable for settlement, and in the dry inland area were compared. The second phase focused on Bronze Age and modern forms of use of different landscape types in the Guadalquivir Valley and the neighbouring Sierra Morena, which were understood as resource structures and were investigated from an archaeological and ethnological perspective. In the third phase, in accordance with the overall concept of the SFB, resource cultures that met and influenced each other at certain times in this region will now be investigated.
Stones from the South. Resource complexes in Southeastern Iran in the context of regional and interregional networks
The project aims at investigating the formation of specific resource complexes in Southeastern Iran, which have been at the basis of regional and interregional exchange networks since the Bronze Age. The interdisciplinary project unites Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology to explore the interrelatedness of resource complexes, social networks and framing conditions and their relevance for the development of social processes. The studies are located in the region south of Jiroft in the Kerman province of Iran.
The development of Syrian Palace-ResourceCultures
The project deals with the significance of resources for the socio-political and cultural development of Syria's palace systems during the Middle and Late Bronze Age (2000 - 1200 BC). Research has so far defined the Syrian palace systems primarily as economically functioning households, i.e. as 'palace economies' or oikoi. In contrast to this previous concept, the project will investigate how these states also used resources for the construction of power, political ideology, cultural identity and social integration as well as for the consolidation of interregional communication and internal and external networks.
'The land flowing with milk and honey'. Development and significance of agrarian resources in Bronze and Iron Age Palestine
The project investigates the developments in the use of agricultural resources in the southern Levant from the beginning of the Bronze Age to the end of the Iron Age (ca. 3600-586 BC). In the first SFB phase, the focus was on agriculture as a resource. In the second funding phase the aspect of animal husbandry was added. In the third funding phase, food as a culturally differentiating and culture-forming feature is to be combined with the agricultural resource complex, with which it has a reciprocal relationship, to form the meaning entity of ResourceCultures in Palestine.
Connectivity, interregional networks and cultural contacts: Late Bronze Age and Iron Age ResourceCultures in the Eastern Mediterranean
The project aims to investigate developments in resource management during the transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the East Mediterranean region, with a special focus on the Levant. The focus is on connectivity and exchange as resource structures and the role of the specific resource cultures of the coastal cities in the socio-cultural dynamics of that period.