Resources and Spatial Development
Project division B. MOVEMENTS examines resources within the context of processes of spatial development and settlement, discussing resources as an initial point of central importance for these processes.
There will be a focus on resource related preconditions for spatial development, but courses of event, further socio-cultural developments within the newly acquired region, as well as symbolic dimensions of the relevant resources will be included into the research.
Variability in the use of resources and space by late Neanderthals and early modern humans
The project focuses on resources of later Neanderthals and earlier anatomically modern humans in Europe. Using material and immaterial resources as examples, the project investigates the diachronic continuities and breaks in human behaviour against the background of Homo sapiens, who immigrated to Europe and met indigenous Neanderthals. An important change at the beginning of the early Paleolithic period is the presumably first appearance of figurative art and other innovations in the symbolic field, which the third application phase will deal with.
Resource use in favourable/disfavourable areas
The project comparatively examines the development of resources in favourable/disfavourable areas from an archaeological and archaeopedological perspective. The research focuses on the question of settlement and land use dynamics and the associated potential movements of people, for example in the form of settlement relocation. The focus is on a transition period from favour to disfavour in one and the same area (here: Hochdorf/Enz), in order to finally better understand the temporal dynamics of settlement and land use.
Exploitation of ressources and the establishment of power in the Middle Ages: Monasteries and castles
The project investigates castles and monasteries as resources of noble rule in the High and Late Middle Ages. In the first funding phase, the focus was on the economic and spiritual resources of medieval monasteries and the nobility interacting with them in Upper Swabia. In the second phase, the focus was on castles and the formation of low nobility between Rems, Fils and Danube. In the third phase, the interplay between castle and monastery will be systematically and comparatively examined in order to identify socio-cultural, spatial and temporal similarities, differences and changes in the resource structures and resource cultures associated with them.
The quest for resources as a trigger of colonization? Research into the causes of fragmented or modern colonisation phenomena
Resources have often played an important role in the ancient world when considering the causes of migratory movements: material resources such as land, grain or metals were the most important. In this project, the aim is to break up this concept of resources, which was defined according to economic aspects, and to focus on the aspect of cultural value attribution. Comparative studies of two geographical areas with different conditions should help to replace an outdated understanding of resources with a more differentiated view.
Colonisation? Imperialism? Provincialisation? – Resources between conflicts and integration in the Phoenician-Punic West in the 1st Millennium BC
The project investigates socio-cultural dynamics triggered by the Phoenicians' expansion from the Levantine coast to the central and western Mediterranean in the 1st millennium BC. The development of raw material deposits in the west led to the establishment of numerous Phoenician settlements of varying size, quality and lifespan. Pronounced, locally differentiated complexes developed around mineral and agricultural resources, which were linked together in a pan-Mediterranean maritime network with high connectivity.
Humans and Resources in the Bronze and Iron Age – Anthropological and bioarchaeological analyses of food resource use and detection of mobility
This project examines how people acquired, used and valued food and health as resources. Anthropological and bioarchaeological analyses of skeletal remains allow us to look at maritime and non-maritime societies in prehistory and the early Middle Ages, because the use of food resources left specific traces in their bones. In addition, we analyse the influence that migration patterns and adaptation of the societies under consideration had on these food- and health-specific resource cultures.
A hunt for resources? Spatial models in the resource cultures at the northern periphery of Mesopotamia
The project investigates the essential resources of the northern border or neighbouring regions of Mesopotamia in a diachronic approach. For the third funding period of the SFB, the relations between the resources will be modelled and visually represented by a series of spatial analyses. For this purpose, different methodological tools will be used one after the other and building on each other: Water modelling, soil modelling, path modelling, settlement modelling, landscape modelling and finally the modelling of resource cultures.